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Bellamy, Frank Arthur (1863–1936), astronomer and philatelist, was born on 17 October 1863 at St John's Street, Oxford, the youngest of the six children of Montague Bellamy (1830–1882), a college butler and master bookbinder in St Giles', Oxford, and his wife, Zilpah, née...

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Brattle, Thomas (1658–1713), astronomer and college administrator in America, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on 20 June 1658, the second of the eight children of Thomas Brattle (c.1624–1683), a merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth Tyng (1638–1682). The elder Thomas was one of the wealthiest men in the colony, which he served in many capacities, including as a representative in the ...

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Chevallier, Temple (1794–1873), Church of England clergyman and university teacher, was born on 19 October 1794 at Badingham, Suffolk, the youngest son of the Revd Temple Chevallier. He was educated at home, then at the grammar schools of Bury St Edmunds and Ipswich...

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Costard, George (bap. 1710, d. 1782), writer on ancient astronomy, was baptized on 20 January 1710 at St Mary's Church, Shrewsbury, the son of the Revd Edward Coster, vicar of St Mary's, and his wife, Anne. Educated at Shrewsbury grammar school, in 1726 he matriculated at ...

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Fotheringham, John Knight (1874–1936), historian and astronomer, was born on 14 August 1874 at St John's presbytery, Tottenham, Middlesex, the second son of David Fotheringham (1830–1918), a Presbyterian minister, and his wife, Jane Ross (1834–1917). A delicate child, he was to suffer much ill health later in life. He was educated at the ...

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John Greaves (1602–1652) by Edward Mascall, 1650 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Greaves, John (1602–1652), astronomer and orientalist, was probably born at Alresford, Hampshire, the eldest of the four sons of John Greaves (1579–1616), rector of Colmer, a noted schoolmaster, and his wife, Sara (d. 1640). His three brothers also achieved distinction: Nicholas became a fellow of ...

Article

R. N. Rudmose Brown

revised by Anita McConnell

Hinks, Arthur Robert (1873–1945), astronomer and geographer, was born in Stoke Newington, London, on 26 May 1873, the eldest of the five sons and three daughters of Robert Hinks, a civil servant and later university lecturer, of Croydon, Surrey, and his wife, Mary, ...

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Ketton, Robert of (fl. 1141–1157), astronomer and translator, is almost certainly identifiable with Robert, archdeacon of Pamplona (fl. 1145–1157): both are attested in Spain in the middle decades of the twelfth century. He often appears in the sources with the toponym Ketenensis...

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John Lee (1783–1866) by Maull & Polyblank, 1855 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lee [formerly Fiott], John (1783–1866), antiquary and astronomer, was born John Fiott on 28 April 1783, the eldest son of John Fiott, merchant of London, and his wife, Harriet, daughter of William Lee of Totteridge Park, Hertfordshire. The Fiotts originated from Dijon...

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Lily, George (d. 1559), Roman Catholic ecclesiastic and cosmographer, was born in London, the eldest son of William Lily (1468?–1522/3) and his wife, Agnes. Probably privately educated by his father, a scholar and teacher, Lily may have become a commoner of Magdalen College, Oxford...

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Lindsay, James Ludovic, twenty-sixth earl of Crawford and ninth earl of Balcarres (1847–1913), astronomer and book collector, the only son of Alexander William Crawford Lindsay, twenty-fifth earl of Crawford and eighth earl of Balcarres (1812–1880), and his wife, Margaret, the eldest daughter of ...

Article

A. M. Clerke

revised by Anita McConnell

Lynn, George, the elder (1676–1742), astronomer and antiquary, was born at Southwick House, near Oundle, Northamptonshire, the second son of George Lynn (1647/8–1682), lord of the manor of Southwick, and his wife, Mary (d. 1722), the eldest daughter of Walter Johnson of ...

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McClean, Frank (1837–1904), astronomer and educational benefactor, was born at Glasgow on 13 November 1837, the only son of the six children of John Robinson McClean MP FRS FRAS (1813–1873), a civil engineer of repute, and his wife, Anna, née Newsam. He entered ...

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Monck, (William Henry) Stanley (1839–1915), lawyer, philosopher, and astronomer, was born in Skeirke, near Borris-in-Ossory, co. Queen’s, Ireland, on 21 April 1839, the third son of Thomas Stanley Monck (1796–1858), Church of Ireland curate of Skeirke, and his wife, ...

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Hugh Frank Newall (1857–1944) by Olive Edis, c. 1926 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Newall, Hugh Frank (1857–1944), astrophysicist and educational benefactor, was born at Ferndene, near Gateshead, on 21 June 1857, the youngest of six children of Robert Stirling Newall (1812–1889), engineer, and his wife, Mary, daughter of Hugh Lee Pattinson FRS (1796–1858), metallurgical chemist and astronomer. At the ...

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Francis Cranmer Penrose (1817–1903) by John Singer Sargent, 1898 RIBA Library Photographs Collection

Article

Penrose, Francis Cranmer (1817–1903), architect, classical archaeologist, and astronomer, was born on 29 October 1817 at Bracebridge, near Lincoln, the youngest son of the Revd John Penrose (1778–1859). His mother was Elizabeth Penrose, née Cartwright (c. 1779–1837), a children's writer under the pseudonym of ...