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See Stewart family

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Alcuin [Albinus, Flaccus] (c. 740–804), abbot of St Martin's, Tours, and royal adviser, was a major figure in the revival of learning and letters under the Frankish king and emperor, Charlemagne (r. 768–814).

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Alcuin (c. 740–804) medallion drawing © reserved

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See Barlow [Finch], William

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See Queen's Maries

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Blanke, John (fl. 1507–1512), royal trumpeter, was employed as a musician at the courts of Henry VII and Henry VIII, making his first recorded appearance there in 1507. He is thought to have been of African descent, but his age, place of birth, and parentage are unknown. His surname may have originated as a nickname, derived from the word ...

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John Blanke (fl. 1507–1512) by unknown artist, 1511 [detail from the Westminster Tournament Roll] College of Arms, Westminster Tournament Roll. Reproduced by permission of the Kings, Heralds and Pursuivants of Arms.

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Bohun, Humphrey de (b. before 1144, d. 1181), constable to Henry II, was the son and heir of Humphrey (II) de Bohun [see below] and his wife, Margaret de Bohun (c. 1121–1196/7), the eldest child of Miles of Gloucester, earl of Hereford...

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See Bohun, Humphrey de

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Bolton, William (d. 1532), prior of St Bartholomew's, West Smithfield, London, and royal administrator, was of unknown parentage. A canon of the Augustinian order, his talents permitted him to rise to a degree of prominence. Between 1501 and 1503 he attended the Augustinian foundation of ...

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Borthwick family (per. c. 1400–c. 1515), landowners and administrators, provided some significant servants to the Scottish crown, especially in the second half of the fifteenth century. There are problems in constructing this family's genealogy, as between c.1370 and 1544 all the heads of the family bore the Christian name ...

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Boyd family (per. c. 1300–c. 1480), landowners and administrators, rose to prominence from a landed base in Ayrshire. The first member of the family to achieve national eminence was Sir Robert Boyd (d. 1333) under Robert I, even though he played an uncertain role in the early stages of the wars of independence. Certainly following the general submission of 1304 he entered English service as coroner of ...

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See Boyd family

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See Boyd family

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Caen [de Cadomo], John (c. 1247–1310), notary public and royal official, was one of a small number of papal notaries known to have been active in England in the late thirteenth century. Rather unusually, he spent most of his long career in the near exclusive employ of the crown rather than of the church. Despite the association of his name with the ...

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Carmeliano [Carmigliano], Pietro [Petrus Carmelianus, Peter Carmelian] (c. 1451–1527), poet and royal official, was the son of Giovanni (Zanino) Fava of Valle Sabbia near Brescia. He assumed the name Carmelianus at an indeterminate date, possibly to recall the Latin carmen (poem) and accord with the otherwise undocumented claim to the style of ...

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Chauncy [Cancy], Joseph of (b. in or before 1213, d. in or after 1283), prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England and royal administrator, was probably a younger son, born by 1213 into a family of Norman origin holding lands in ...

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Clappertoun, George (d. 1574), Roman Catholic priest and royal official, first appears in the records as a witness in 1531 at Stirling (Thomson, 3.1029), and was appointed to the parish of Duchale in Moray in 1532. Prior to that point, there is no trace. His parents and family are unknown, and he does not appear in any of the Scottish university records. In fact, he appears only as ...

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Conway, Sir Hugh (c. 1440–1518), royal servant, was the son of John Conwy, a Welsh gentleman of Bodrhyddan in the parish of Rhuddlan, Flintshire, and his first wife, Alice Minshull, of a Cheshire family, who died not long after Hugh's birth. There were several more sons and daughters of ...