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Adgar [William] (fl. 1150x1200), Anglo-Norman translator, was baptized Adgar but reveals that he was more commonly known as William; Trouvère (roughly meaning ‘poet’) is a later and inauthentic epithet. As the author of the first vernacular rendering of the miracles of the Virgin Mary...

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Alfonsi, Petrus (fl. 1106–1126), scholar and translator of scientific works, was born in northern Spain, to Jewish parents. He was baptized a Christian on 29 June 1106 in Huesca, Aragon, with the names of the apostle on whose feast day the baptism took place and of his godfather, ...

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Atkinson, William (d. 1509), translator, lived in the diocese of York, and was one of the original fellows of Jesus College, Cambridge, by 1499. He gained the degrees of BA in 1475, MA in 1478, BD in 1489, and DD in 1497. He was appointed fellow of ...

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Barker, William (fl. 1540–1576), translator and member of parliament, was humbly born but through the patronage of Anne Boleyn was educated at St John's College, Cambridge, graduating MA in 1540. A Roman Catholic, Barker left for Italy, probably in 1549, and travelled widely throughout the peninsula collecting Latin epitaphs (his ...

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Bath, Adelard of (b. in or before 1080?, d. in or after 1150), scientist and translator, was a pioneer in introducing Arabic mathematics into England.

Although absolute confidence cannot be placed in the autobiographical details included within the fictitious context of his literary works, ...

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Bedingfield, Thomas (early 1540s?–1613), translator, was born probably in the early 1540s at Oxburgh Hall, Oxburgh, Norfolk, the second of the five sons of Sir Henry Bedingfeld (1509x11–1583), administrator, and his wife, Katherine (d. 1581), daughter of Sir Roger Townshend of ...

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Bellenden [Bannatyne], John (c. 1495–1545x8), poet and translator, may have been born in Lothian. He was probably a younger son of Patrick Bellenden (fl. 1486–1520), steward to Margaret Tudor, and Marion Douglas (fl. 1490–1542), nurse to James V. He belonged to a family prominent in royal service throughout the sixteenth century and his parentage also linked him firmly to the ...

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Blandy [Blandie], William (fl. 1563–1581), translator, was born in Newbury, Berkshire, the son of William Blandy. He was elected to a probationer fellowship at New College, Oxford, in 1563. Following his admission to a full fellowship on 8 June 1565, he graduated BA a year later, on 3 July 1566. A devoted Catholic, he was stripped of his degree and fellowship in the same year by the evangelical college visitor, ...

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Bromley, John (bap. 1653, d. 1718), translator, was baptized on 5 June 1653 at St Julian's, Shrewsbury, the son of John Bromley, a burgess of the town, and his wife, Isabell. His father had been appointed to a parochial committee in 1647, when the town was in parliamentarian hands. On 9 December 1663 ...

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Bull, George Anthony (1929–2001), journalist and translator, was born into a working-class Roman Catholic family at 5 Alfred Street, Bow, London, on 23 August 1929, the son of George Thomas Bull, a tramway inspector for the London Passenger Transport Board, and his wife, ...

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Burgh, Benedict (d. in or before 1483), clerk and translator, is known only from a few surviving scraps of information about his life. An Oxford MA, he rented a school from University College in 1432–3, and was granted letters testimonial by the university on 3 July 1433. In 1434 he was rector of ...

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Butler, Thomas (b. 1532/3, d. in or before 1591), Roman Catholic priest and translator, was possibly the son of William Butler (d. 1557), who was lessee of the manor at Radley, Berkshire. In 1546, at the age of thirteen, he was sent to ...

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See Ketton, Robert of

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Everard, Thomas (1560–1633), Jesuit and translator, was born on 8 February 1560, and baptized on 10 February at Linstead Parva, Suffolk, the son of Henry Everard (d. 1596), of Pond Hall, Linstead Magna, and Catherine Gawdy. His father was imprisoned in 1578–9 in the common gaol at ...

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Faris, Ahmad [Aḣmad Fāris; formerly Faris ibn Yusuf al-Shidyaq] (1805/6–1887), author and translator, was born in al-Hadath, Lebanon, the youngest of five sons of Abu Husayn Yusuf ibn Mansur al-Shidyaq (1762–1821), secretary and tutor of Lebanese chieftains, and his wife, the daughter of ...

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Fenn, John (1535–1615), Roman Catholic priest and translator, was born at Montacute in Somerset. He was brother to James Fenn and Robert Fenn, who both also became priests. After a time as a chorister at Wells Cathedral he was sent to Winchester College...

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Fetcham [Peckham], Peter of [Pierre d'Abernon] (fl. 1267–1276), translator and poet, was probably born in Fetcham (or possibly Peckham), Surrey, a member of the d'Abernon or d'Abenon family of Fetcham and nearby Stoke d'Abernon, which led to his being also called Peter, or Piere, de Abernun...

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Fills, Robert (c. 1521–1578), translator and Church of England clergyman, is of obscure parentage. However, it is likely that he belonged to the Fell family who in the sixteenth century were distributed in the Furness district of Lancashire. Fills may plausibly be identified with the ...

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Florio, Michael Angelo (d. 1566x71), Reformed minister, author, and translator, was probably born in Florence or Siena, into a family of converted Jews. He joined the Franciscan conventual order under the name Paolo Antonio, but about 1541 converted to the reform movement, and started a wandering career as a preacher in several Italian cities. In 1548 he was arrested, tortured, and detained in ...

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Forman, Charles (d. 1739), political pamphleteer and translator, was an Irishman by birth, educated as a Roman Catholic, and a Jacobite. Before 1709 he married a woman named Mary in Ireland, where at least one of their sons was born. By December 1710 he was in ...