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Abdy, Edward Strutt (1791–1846), campaigner against slavery and racism, was the fifth and youngest son of Thomas Abdy Abdy, born Thomas Abdy Rutherford (1755–1798), Church of England clergyman of Albyns, Essex, and his wife, Mary, daughter of James Hayes of Holyport, Buckinghamshire, a bencher of the ...

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Alcindor, John (1873–1924), general practitioner and leader of the African Progress Union, was born on 8 or 9 July 1873 in Port of Spain, Trinidad, the son of Francis Alcindor, cocoa planter. Almost nothing is known of his parents, though there were funds to pay for his schooling and medical studies. The family's African ancestry was suggested by ...

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Thomas Rhodes Armitage (1824–1890) by unknown artist Royal National Institute for the Blind

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Armitage, Thomas Rhodes (1824–1890), campaigner for blind people, was born at Tilgate, Sussex, on 2 April 1824, the sixth of seven sons of James Armitage (1793–1872), a prosperous Leeds ironfounder, and his wife, Anne Elizabeth, née Rhodes. Edward Armitage, history painter, was his eldest brother. The family had largely detached itself from its industrial roots, and for much of his early life ...

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Jones, Antony Charles Robert [Tony] Armstrong-, first earl of Snowdon and Baron Armstrong-Jones (1930–2017), photographer, designer, and campaigner for disabled rights, was born at 25 Eaton Terrace, Belgravia, London, on 7 March 1930, the younger child and only son of Ronald Owen Lloyd (Ronnie) Armstrong-Jones...

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Antony Armstrong-Jones, first Earl of Snowdon (1930–2017), by Roger George Clark, 1979

© Roger George Clark / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ashley, John [Jack], Baron Ashley of Stoke (1922–2012), politician, was born on 6 December 1922 at 34 Wellington Street, Widnes, Lancashire, the son of John Ashley (d. 1927), a labourer in a chemical works, and a devout Catholic, and his wife, Isabella, ...

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John Ashley, Baron Ashley of Stoke (1922–2012) by Nick Sinclair, 1992 © Nick Sinclair

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Austin, (Ethel) Winifred (1873–1918), pioneer of library services for blind people, was born on 7 October 1873 (not 1875, as her obituaries state) at 3 Lansdowne Place, Blackheath Hill, London, the tenth child of George Austin (1824/5–1887) and Mary Anne Jane Cullum Aldridge (...

Article

C. W. Sutton

revised by M. C. Curthoys

Baker, Charles (1803–1874), teacher of deaf people, was born in Branston Street, Birmingham on 31 July 1803, and baptized at Moor Street Unitarian meeting-house on 29 December 1803, the second son and fourth child in the family of five daughters and seven sons of ...

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Baker, Henry (1698–1774), natural philosopher and teacher of deaf people, was born on 8 May 1698 in Quality Court, Chancery Lane, London, to William Baker, a clerk in chancery, and his wife, Mary, the daughter of Aaron Pengry, comptroller of the petty bag office. His father died when he was very young, and he himself recorded that he was brought up by his paternal grandmother. At the age of fifteen he was apprenticed to a bookseller of ...

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Henry Baker (1698–1774) by William Nutter, pubd 1812 (after W. B. Thomson) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bell, Alexander Graham (1847–1922), teacher of deaf people and inventor of the telephone, was born on 3 March 1847 at 16 South Charlotte Street, Edinburgh, the second of three sons of Alexander Melville Bell (1819–1905), speech therapist and elocutionist, and his first wife, ...

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Alexander Graham Bell (1847–1922) by John Wycliffe Lowes Forster, 1919 National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

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Blount, Edward (1769–1843), campaigner for Roman Catholic civil rights, was born on 18 July 1769, the second of the three children of Sir Walter Blount, sixth baronet (d. 1785), of Sodington, and his wife, Mary Aston, daughter of James, fifth Lord Aston of Forfar...

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Blount, Elizabeth Anne Mould de Sodington [née Elizabeth Anne Mould Williams; other married name Elizabeth Anne Mould Morgan], Lady de Sodington Blount (1850–1935), pamphlet writer and social activist, was born on 7 May 1850 at 82 Upper Stamford Street near Waterloo, Lambeth, London...

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Leopold Bernhard Bonn (1850–1929) by Lienhard & Salzborn Royal National Institute for the Deaf

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Bonn, Leopold Bernhard (1850–1929), banker and philanthropist, was born on 3 August 1850 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, the ninth child of Baruch Bonn, a prominent Jewish banker. He was privately educated. After the annexation of Frankfurt by Prussia in 1866, Bonn applied for denaturalization and moved to ...

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Bourne, Henry Richard Fox (1837–1909), writer and campaigner for the rights of indigenous peoples, was born at Grecian Regale, Blue Mountains, Jamaica, on 24 December 1837, one of eight children of Stephen Bourne (c.1792–1868), a stipendiary magistrate and advocate of the abolition of slavery, and his wife, ...

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Arthur Charles Mainwaring Bowen (1922–1980) by unknown photographer © reserved; Arthritis Care