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Altschul, Annie Therese (1919–2001), psychiatric nurse and teacher, was born into a middle-class Jewish family in Vienna on 18 February 1919, the daughter of Ludwig Altschul and his wife Marie. Despite the early death of her father, she enjoyed an idyllic childhood, which was enriched by her close family and the access she had to a diverse range of cultural activities. Her mother encouraged interest in the arts, sciences, and humanities, but ultimately it was mathematics that she chose for her undergraduate studies at the ...

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Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923), electrical engineer and suffragist, was born Phoebe Sarah Marks on 28 April 1854 at 6 Queen Street, Portsea, Portsmouth, third child of Alice Theresa (d. 1898), seamstress, daughter of Joseph Moss, glass merchant of ...

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Bernhardt, Sarah Henriette Rosine (1844–1923), actress, was born, probably on 22 or 23 October 1844, in Paris, the first of the three daughters of Julie Bernhardt (d. 1876), a Jewish courtesan from Amsterdam. The identity of her father remains unknown, although he is sometimes given as ...

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Browse, Lillian Gertrude (1906–2005), art dealer and art historian, was born at 2 Carlton Mansions, West End Lane, Hampstead, London, on 21 April 1906, the younger child of Michael Browse, entrepreneur, champion cyclist, and son of a Jewish White Russian émigré who had settled in ...

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Bülbring, Edith (1903–1990), pharmacologist and physiologist, was born on 27 December 1903 in Bonn, Germany, the youngest of four children and third daughter of Karl Daniel Bülbring, professor of English at Bonn University, and his wife, Hortense Leonore Kann, a Dutch woman, daughter of a Jewish banker's family in ...

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Damm, Sheila Van (1922–1987), rally driver and theatre director, was born on 17 January 1922 in Gloucester Terrace, Paddington, London, the youngest of three daughters (there were no sons) of Vivian Van Damm (d. 1960) and his wife, Natalie Lyons. Although her father had sponsored motorcycle speedway events in the 1920s, before inheriting the ...

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Diski [née Simmonds], Jennifer Jane (Jenny) (1947–2016), novelist and author, was born on 8 July 1947 at the Welbeck Hospital, 27 Welbeck Street, Marylebone, London, the daughter of James Simmonds, formerly Israel Zimmerman (1908–1966), a small-scale entrepreneur, black marketeer, and con-man, and his wife, ...

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Du Pré, Jacqueline Mary (1945–1987), cellist, was born at 165 Banbury Road, Oxford, on 26 January 1945, the younger daughter and the second of the three children of Derek du Pré, a financial writer and editor, and Iris Maud, née Greep, a pianist and composer of music for children, who taught at the ...

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Félix, Elisa [performing name Rachel] (1820/21–1858), actress, was born at Mumpf, a small village in northern Switzerland, the daughter of Jacob Félix, an itinerant pedlar, and his wife, Esther Haya Félix, a dressmaker. Her precise birth date is uncertain: some claim it was 24 March 1820; others prefer a slightly later date, 28 February 1821. The family was passing through on its way to ...

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Franca, Celia [real name Nita Celia Franks] (1921–2007), ballet dancer, choreographer, and ballet director, was born on 25 June 1921 at 57 Nicholas Street, Mile End, London, the daughter of Solomon Franks, boot salesman, later ladies' outfitter, and his wife, Gertie, née...

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Frankau [née Davis], Julia [pseud. Frank Danby] (1859–1916), novelist, was born in Dublin on 30 July 1859, the sixth of eight children of Hyman Davis (1824–1875), dentist and later portrait photographer, and his wife, Isabella (1824–1900). Both parents were Jewish (...

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Franklin, Rosalind Elsie (1920–1958), crystallographer, was born at Chepstow Villas, Notting Hill, London, on 25 July 1920, the elder daughter and second of the family of five children of Ellis Arthur Franklin (1894–1964), merchant banker of London, and his wife, Muriel Frances Waley (1894–1976)...

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Fyleman, Rose Amy (1877–1957), children's writer, was born at The Park, Standard Hill, Basford, on the outskirts of Nottingham on 6 March 1877, the third child of John Feilmann and his wife, Emilie, née Loewenstein, who was of Russian extraction. Her father was in the lace trade, and the family were freethinking Jews who had come from ...

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Gaitskell [née Creditor; other married name Frost], (Anna) Dora, Baroness Gaitskell (1901–1989), politician, was born on 25 April 1901 near Riga in Latvia, then part of imperial Russia, the eldest in the family of four daughters and one son of Leon Creditor...

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Gingold, Hermione Ferdinanda (1897–1987), actress, was born in London on 9 December 1897, the elder daughter (there were no sons) of James Gingold, stockbroker, who had emigrated from Austria, and his wife, Kate Walter. She claimed Viennese, Turkish, and Romanian blood on her father's side. Her mother was Jewish....

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Haldane [née Franken], Charlotte (1894–1969), writer, was born on 27 April 1894 in Sydenham, south London, the elder daughter of German Jewish immigrants Joseph Franken (d. c.1935) and his wife, Mathilde (c.1873–c.1955), whose father, Julius Saarbach...

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Heilbron, Dame Rose (1914–2005), barrister and judge, was born on 19 August 1914 at 27 St James Road, Abercromby, Liverpool, the younger daughter of Max Heilbron and his wife, Nellie, née Summers. She was originally named Rosie, but this was later changed to ...

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Hubback [née Spielman], Eva Marian (1886–1949), social reformer and feminist, was born at 23 Oxford Square, London, on 13 April 1886, the second child and elder daughter in the family of two daughters and two sons of Sir Meyer Adam Spielman (1856–1936)...

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Hurst [née Berney; other married name Baines], Margery (1913–1989), recruitment agency founder, was born on 23 May 1913, probably in Portsmouth, the second of the four daughters (there were no sons) of Samuel Berney, cinema owner and builder, of Portsmouth, and his wife ...

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Juda [née Brauer], Anneliese Emily [Annely] (1914–2006), art dealer and gallery owner, was born on 23 September 1914 in Kassel, Germany, the eldest of the two daughters of Kurt Brauer (d. 1951) and his wife, Margarete, née Goldmann. Her father was an industrial chemist who moved with his wife from ...