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Armfield, Maxwell Ashby (1881–1972), artist and writer, was born at Ringwood, Hampshire, on 5 October 1881, the eldest of the three children of Joseph John Armfield, a milling engineer, and his wife, Margaret Maxwell, a lineal descendant of the earls of Nithsdale. The ...

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Waldorf Astor, second Viscount Astor (1879–1952) by Philip A. de Laszlo The de László Foundation / Witt Library, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Astor, Waldorf, second Viscount Astor (1879–1952), politician and newspaper proprietor, was born in New York city on 19 May 1879, the elder son in the family of two sons and one daughter of William Waldorf Astor (1848–1919) and his wife, Mary (Mamie) Dahlgren Paul (...

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John Baxter (1896–1975) by Kurt Hutton, 1948 [with director Mary Field at the Pump Room, Bath, during the Festival of All the Arts] Getty Images – Kurt Hutton

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Baxter, John Philip (1896–1975), film director and producer, was the eldest son of John Alexander Baxter, commercial clerk and later chief clerk of the Western Union Telegraph Company, and his wife, Ada Kate, née Francis. He was born on 31 December 1896 at ...

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Michael Edwin Beesley (1924–1999) by Kelvin Brodie, 1973 © News International Newspapers Ltd

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Beesley, Michael Edwin (1924–1999), economist, was born on 3 July 1924 at 127 Sandon Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, the second son of Edwin Sherman Beesley (1889–1969), clerk, later a broker at Stewart and Lloyds, and his wife, Kathleen Daisy Peacey (1891–1975), who ran her own tailoring business. After ...

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(Cyril) Kenneth Bird [Fougasse] (1887–1965) by Howard Coster, 1934 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bird, (Cyril) Kenneth [pseud. Fougasse] (1887–1965), cartoonist and journal editor, was born on 17 December 1887 at 26 Westbourne Terrace Road, London, the younger son of Arthur Bird, a London merchant and a prominent cricketer and first-class shot, and his wife, Mary Wheen...

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Booth, Paul Henry Gore-, Baron Gore-Booth of Maltby (1909–1984), diplomatist, was born on 3 February 1909 at Doncaster, Yorkshire, the elder son of Mordaunt Gore-Booth (1878–1958), of 37 Hall Gate, Doncaster, second son of Sir Henry Gore-Booth, fifth baronet, and manager of the ...

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Oscar Browning (1837–1923) by Ignacio Zuloaga y Zabaleta, 1900 by kind permission of the Provost and Fellows of King's College, Cambridge

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Browning, Oscar (1837–1923), teacher and historian, was born on 17 January 1837 at 8 Cumberland Terrace, Regent's Park, London, third son of William Shipton Browning (d. 1853), distiller, of Smithfield, and his wife, Mariana Margaret (1799–1889), daughter of Thomas Bridge (1772–1858), captain in the ...

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Sir James Ramsay Montagu Butler (1889–1975) by Walter Bird, 1962 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Butler, Sir James Ramsay Montagu (1889–1975), historian, was born in the master's lodge, Trinity College, Cambridge, on 20 July 1889. Both his grandfather and his father, Henry Montagu Butler (1833–1918), had been headmaster of Harrow School, and in 1886 the latter was appointed master of ...

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See Carline family

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Cazalet, Victor Alexander (1896–1943), politician, was born at 4 Whitehall Gardens, London, on 27 December 1896, the second of the three sons of William Marshall Cazalet (1865–1932) of Fairlawne, Tonbridge, Kent, and his wife, Maud Lucia (d. 1952), daughter of Sir John Heron-Maxwell, ...

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Champion, Henry Hyde (1859–1928), socialist and journalist, was born on 22 January 1859 in Poona, India, the son of Major-General James Hyde Champion and his wife, Henrietta Susan, née Urquhart. He was sent to England to be educated at Marlborough College before entering the ...

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Duncan, Sir John Norman Valette [Val] (1913–1975), international mining executive, was born on 18 July 1913, at Pinner, Middlesex, the eldest of four children of Norman Duncan, barrister, and his wife, Gladys Marguerite Dauvergne Valette. From 1927 to 1932 he was educated at ...

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Duncan, Patrick Baker (1918–1967), politician in South Africa, was born on 29 June 1918 at Moot House, Park Town, Johannesburg, the eldest of the four children of Sir Patrick Duncan (1870–1943), politician and governor-general of South Africa, and his wife, Alice Dora Amanda, ...

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Dyos, Harold James [Jim] (1921–1978), historian, was born at 16 Lady Margaret Road, Kentish Town, London, on 21 February 1921, the middle son of Charles Alfred Dyos, dye works manager, and his wife, Lilian Maud Violet King. After childhood in Clapham he moved to ...