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Robert Peel Glanville Blatchford (1851–1943) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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R. C. K. Ensor

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Blatchford, Robert Peel Glanville (1851–1943), journalist and author, was born at Maidstone on 17 March 1851 and named after the Conservative prime minister who had died the year before. His English father, John Glanville Blatchford, and his half-Italian mother, Georgiana Louisa Corri, granddaughter of ...

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Broom, Robert (1866–1951), palaeontologist, was born at 66 Back Sneddon Street, Paisley, Renfrewshire, on 30 November 1866, the third child of John Broom, designer of prints and shawls, and his wife, Agnes Hunter Shearer. His early education was sporadic owing to illness, but in 1879 he entered ...

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Cox, Edward William (1809–1879), lawyer and publisher, was born at Taunton, the eldest son of William Charles Cox, manufacturer, and Harriet, daughter of William Upcott of Exeter. He was educated at Taunton College. In 1836 he married Sophia, daughter of William Harris, surgeon in the ...

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Alfred Deakin (1856–1919) by Swiss Studios, 1900 by permission of the National Library of Australia

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Deakin, Alfred (1856–1919), prime minister of Australia, was born on 3 August 1856 at 90 George Street, Fitzroy, Melbourne, the younger child of William Deakin (1819–1892), business manager, of Towcester, Northamptonshire, and his wife, Sarah, née Bill (1822–1908), of Llannarth, Cardiganshire. Deakin's parents were married in October 1849 and left ...

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Hugh Caswall Tremenheere Dowding, first Baron Dowding (1882–1970) by Vandyk, c. 1931 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Dowding, Hugh Caswall Tremenheere, first Baron Dowding (1882–1970), air force officer, was born in Moffat, Dumfriesshire, on 24 April 1882, eldest of the four children of Arthur John Caswall Dowding (1855?–1932), founder and headmaster of St Ninian's preparatory school in Moffat, and his wife, ...

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Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (1859–1930) by Emil Otto Hoppé, 1912 by permission of the E. O. Hoppé Trust, Curatorial Assistance, Inc., Los Angeles

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Doyle, Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan (1859–1930), writer, was born at 11 Picardy Place, Edinburgh, on 22 May 1859, the eldest son and third of the nine children of Charles Altamont Doyle (1832–1893), an artist and draughtsman in the Edinburgh office of works, and his wife ...

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John Elliotson (1791–1868) by James Ramsay, 1836 by permission of the Royal College of Physicians, London

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Elliotson, John (1791–1868), physician and mesmerist, was born on 24 October 1791 in Southwark, London, the son of John Elliotson, a prosperous apothecary and chemist, and his wife, Elizabeth. He was educated privately and (from 1805) at Edinburgh University, where he received the degree of MD in 1810; he became LRCP (...

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Fisk, Sir Ernest Thomas (1886–1965), entrepreneur and developer of radio, was born on 8 August 1886 at Sunbury, Middlesex, the second child of Thomas Harvey Fisk, builder, and his wife, Charlotte Hariette, née Halland. Educated at St Mary's and Sunbury Boys' schools, Fisk...

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Gregory, William (1803–1858), chemist and psychic investigator, was born at St Andrew's Square, Edinburgh, on 25 December 1803, the fourth son of James Gregory (1753–1821), professor of medicine in the University of Edinburgh, and his second wife, Miss McLeod. He was descended from a long line of '...

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Gutteridge, Joseph (1816–1899), silk weaver and naturalist, was born on 23 March 1816 in Coventry, the eldest of the three sons of Joseph Gutteridge, a recruiting sergeant, and his first wife, Sarah Shaw. Educated from 1821 in two schools, run by a Quaker woman and Wesleyan preacher respectively, he then went to ...

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C. Biron

revised by Mike Clarke

Hall, Sir Edward Marshall (1858–1927), lawyer, was born on 16 September 1858 at Brighton, the youngest of ten children of Alfred Hall (1812–1897), a well-known doctor, and Julia Elizabeth (d. 1889), daughter of James Sebright of Glasgow, an official in the postal service...

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Hallas, Eldred (1870–1926), trade unionist and politician, was born in Stainland in the West Riding of Yorkshire, on 23 February 1870, the eldest son of Edward Hallas (1847–1920), wool sorter and later wool buyer, and his first wife, Sarah, née Barrett (1849–1875). He had an elder sister. Their elementary education cut short, ...

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Harris, Thomas Lake (1823–1906), millenarian and mystic, was born on 15 May 1823 at Fenny Stratford, Buckinghamshire, the only son of Thomas Harris, an auctioneer, and his wife, Annie (née Lake), who died when her son was only nine. In 1828 the family emigrated to ...

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Daniel Dunglas Home (1833–1886) by Maull & Co. Mary Evans / Society for Psychical Research

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Home, Daniel Dunglas (1833–1886), medium, was born at Currie, near Edinburgh, on 20 March 1833, the third son of William Home (c.1810–1882), a labourer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née McNeil (c.1810–1850), and was raised as a Presbyterian. He seems to have added his middle name later because of his belief that his father was the illegitimate son of the ...