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See Stewart family

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Alcuin [Albinus, Flaccus] (c. 740–804), abbot of St Martin's, Tours, and royal adviser, was a major figure in the revival of learning and letters under the Frankish king and emperor, Charlemagne (r. 768–814).

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Alcuin (c. 740–804) medallion drawing © reserved

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Belet, Michael (d. in or before 1247), royal servant, was the second son of Michael Belet (d. 1201), the justice of Henry II's reign, and Emma de Chesney. An Oxfordshire man who was in royal service by 1198, Belet was styled ‘master’ by 1201, indicating a university training, very possibly at ...

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See Henry, privy chamber of

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John Blanke (fl. 1507–1512) by unknown artist, 1511 [detail from the Westminster Tournament Roll] College of Arms, Westminster Tournament Roll. Reproduced by permission of the Kings, Heralds and Pursuivants of Arms.

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Blanke, John (fl. 1507–1512), royal trumpeter, was employed as a musician at the courts of Henry VII and Henry VIII, making his first recorded appearance there in 1507. He is thought to have been of African descent, but his age, place of birth, and parentage are unknown. His surname may have originated as a nickname, derived from the word ...

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Bohun, Humphrey de (b. before 1144, d. 1181), constable to Henry II, was the son and heir of Humphrey (II) de Bohun [see below] and his wife, Margaret de Bohun (c. 1121–1196/7), the eldest child of Miles of Gloucester, earl of Hereford...

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See Bohun, Humphrey de

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Bolton, William (d. 1532), prior of St Bartholomew's, West Smithfield, London, and royal administrator, was of unknown parentage. A canon of the Augustinian order, his talents permitted him to rise to a degree of prominence. Between 1501 and 1503 he attended the Augustinian foundation of ...

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See Boyd family

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See Boyd family

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See Boyd family

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Maker: W. & D. Downey

John Brown (1826–1883) by W. & D. Downey, 1868 [ and Queen Victoria (1819-1901)] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Burgess, Daniel (d. 1747), royal administrator, was the son of the Presbyterian minister Daniel Burgess (1646–1713) and his wife, the former Mrs Briscoe. His education is obscure but he probably trained for the Presbyterian ministry, as he seems to have signed the nonconformists' advices for peace at ...

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Caen [de Cadomo], John (c. 1247–1310), notary public and royal official, was one of a small number of papal notaries known to have been active in England in the late thirteenth century. Rather unusually, he spent most of his long career in the near exclusive employ of the crown rather than of the church. Despite the association of his name with the ...

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Carmeliano [Carmigliano], Pietro [Petrus Carmelianus, Peter Carmelian] (c. 1451–1527), poet and royal official, was the son of Giovanni (Zanino) Fava of Valle Sabbia near Brescia. He assumed the name Carmelianus at an indeterminate date, possibly to recall the Latin carmen (poem) and accord with the otherwise undocumented claim to the style of ...

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Champvent [Chavent], Sir Peter de (d. 1303), courtier and soldier, was a native of Savoy, one of the five sons of Henri de Champvent, lord of Champvent near Lake Neuchâtel in what is now the Swiss canton of Vaud, and his wife, ...

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Chauncy [Cancy], Joseph of (b. in or before 1213, d. in or after 1283), prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England and royal administrator, was probably a younger son, born by 1213 into a family of Norman origin holding lands in ...

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Thomas Chiffinch (1600–1666) attrib. Jacob Huysmans, c. 1655–60 © National Portrait Gallery, London