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Acland, Sir Henry Wentworth, first baronet (1815–1900), physician, was the fifth of the nine children and the fourth son of Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, tenth baronet (1787–1871), and Lydia Elizabeth Hoare (d. 1856). Born at the family home of Killerton, at Broadclyst...

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Addison, Thomas (1795–1860), physician, was born in April 1795 at Long Benton, near Newcastle upon Tyne, the younger son of Joseph Addison (1756–1823), a grocer and flour dealer, and his wife, Sarah, née Shaw (1761–1841). Educated privately and at Newcastle grammar school, Addison...

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Alison, William Pulteney (1790–1859), physician and social reformer, born at Boroughmuirhead near Edinburgh on 12 November 1790, was the son of Archibald Alison (1757–1839), who was in charge of the Episcopal congregation in Edinburgh as well as being a noted author, and his wife, ...

Article

H. D. Rolleston

revised by Alexander G. Bearn

Allbutt, Sir (Thomas) Clifford (1836–1925), physician, born at Dewsbury, Yorkshire, on 20 July 1836, was the only son of the Revd Thomas Allbutt, vicar of Dewsbury, and his wife, Marianne, daughter of Robert Wooler, of Dewsbury. Allbutt was sent to St Peter's School, York...

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Allinson, Thomas Richard (1858–1918), dietitian and businessman, was born at 43 Rumford Street, Hulme, Lancashire, on 29 March 1858, the son of Thomas Allinson, a bookkeeper, and his wife, Ellen (formerly Sims). He left school at fifteen and, aiming to be a doctor, he subsidized his studies by becoming a chemist's assistant. In 1879 he graduated LRCP (...

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Arbuthnot [Arbuthnott], John (bap. 1667, d. 1735), physician and satirist, was baptized on 29 April 1667 at Arbuthnott, Kincardineshire, on the north-east Scottish coast, near Stonehaven, the eldest son of Alexander Arbuthnott (c.1636–1691), minister of Arbuthnott, and Margaret, daughter of John Lammie (or Lamy)...

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Bardsley, Sir James Lomax (1801–1876), physician, the son of Edward and Elizabeth Bardsley, was born at George Street, Nottingham, on 7 July 1801. He studied medicine in Glasgow and Edinburgh, and at St Bartholomew's Hospital, London, where he was taught by the surgeon ...

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Barrowby, William (bap. 1682, d. 1758), physician, the son of John Barrowby, physician, and his wife, Abigail, was baptized at St Lawrence Jewry, London on 15 December 1682. After studying at Eton College he entered Trinity College, Oxford, on 6 November 1699 and graduated BA (1703), MA (1706), MB (1709), and MD (1713). He married ...

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Battie, William (bap. 1703, d. 1776), physician, the son of the Revd Edward Battie (1664?–1714), rector of Modbury, Devon, and his wife, Catherine, was baptized in Modbury on 1 September 1703. He was educated, as his father had been, at Eton College, from 1717, where he was a king's scholar, and at ...

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Beale, Lionel Smith (1828–1906), physician and microscopist, was born on 5 February 1828 at Bedford Street, Covent Garden, London, the only son of Lionel John Beale (1796–1871), surgeon and first medical officer of health for St Martin-in-the-Fields, and Frances Smith Beale (1800–1849), the third daughter of ...

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Beddoes, Thomas (1760–1808), chemist and physician, was born at Shifnal in Shropshire on 13 April 1760, the son of Ann Beddoes (née Whitehall), and her husband, Richard Beddoes (d. 1803), a tanner who was part of a prosperous and politically liberal commercial circle. ...

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Blackmore, Sir Richard (1654–1729), physician and writer, was born on 22 January 1654 at Corsham, Wiltshire, the third of the four children of Robert Blackmore (d. 1681), a wealthy attorney, and Anne Pilsworth, née Harris (fl. 1633–1676), widow of Edward Pilsworth...

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Boorde, Andrew (c. 1490–1549), physician and author, was born at Borde Hill near Cuckfield, Sussex. Like many others in the field of healing he began his career as a monk. He was brought up at Oxford and admitted under age, in 1515, into the ...

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Briggs, William (c. 1650–1704), physician and oculist, born at Norwich, was the second of the seven sons (there was one daughter) of Elizabeth Aldrige and Augustine Briggs (c.1618–1684). The family was prominent in Norwich; Augustine Briggs served as alderman and mayor, and was MP for the city on four occasions. ...

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Broadbent, Sir William Henry, first baronet (1835–1907), physician, was born at Lindley, near Huddersfield, Yorkshire, on 23 January 1835, the eldest surviving of the seven children of John Broadbent (1796–1880), woollen manufacturer and Wesleyan Sunday school superintendent, and his wife, Esther, née Butterworth (...

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Browne, Sir Thomas (1605–1682), physician and author, was born (he told John Aubrey in a postscript of 24 August 1672) on 19 November 1605 (fixed as between 5.05 and 6.23 a.m. by the astrological details given in Religio medici, II.11) in the parish of ...

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Bullein, William (c. 1515–1576), physician, was probably born about 1515 in the Isle of Ely, the eldest of the three sons of William Bullen and his wife, Alice Tryvet. His family may have been distantly related to that of Anne Boleyn. He was clearly educated, and it has been asserted that he studied at both ...

Article

W. W. Webb

revised by Michael Bevan

Burrows, Sir George, first baronet (1801–1887), physician, was born in Bloomsbury Square, London, on 28 November 1801, the eldest of the five sons and four daughters of George Man Burrows (1771–1846), physician, of Bloomsbury Square, and his wife, Sophia (d. 1858), second daughter of ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Sarah Bakewell

Butler, William (1535–1618), physician, was born in Ipswich, Suffolk; he possibly matriculated from Peterhouse, Cambridge, in 1558, becoming BA in 1561 and MA in 1564, and was probably incorporated in that degree at Oxford in 1563. He was also a fellow of Clare College, Cambridge...

Article

Norman Moore

revised by Anne Digby

Cadogan, William (1711–1797), physician, the son of Roger Cadogan and his wife, Jane Thomas, was born in Usk, Monmouthshire, and matriculated from Oriel College, Oxford, on 5 December 1727, aged sixteen. After graduating BA in 1731 he studied at Leiden, where he took the degree of MD in 1737. He was elected physician to the ...