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Sir William Heygate Edmund Colborne Butlin (1899–1980) by Elliott & Fry, 1961 © National Portrait Gallery, London


Butlin, Sir William Heygate Edmund Colborne [Billy] (1899–1980), fairground proprietor and founder of holiday camps, was born in Cape Town, Cape Colony, where his parents had emigrated, on 29 September 1899, the elder child of William Butlin and Bertha Hill (d. 1933)...


Day, Daniel (1683–1767), engineer and founder of Fairlop fair, Essex, was born in Southwark, Surrey, where his father was a prosperous brewer. Day never married, and resided all his working life in Wapping, then on the eastern margin of London, where he pursued his trade as an engine, pump, and block maker. He was known as an upright and ingenious mechanic, and was responsible for many improvements and inventions. His modification to the brewers' jigger—a pump used to force beer into vats—was in use for many years. His business prospered and he became sufficiently wealthy to enjoy the pleasures of generosity, endowing his nieces at their marriages, and lending or giving to those in need. Such was his reputation for probity that he was regularly called on to settle local disputes....