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Abernethy, John (1764–1831), surgeon, born in Coleman Street, London, on 3 April 1764, was one of the five children of John Abernethy, a merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth Weir from Antrim in Ireland. Abernethy's early education took place at Wolverhampton grammar school, and at the age of fifteen he was apprenticed to ...

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Banister [formerly Banester], John (1532/3–1599?), surgeon, was the son of John Banister, apparently 'a minor official in the royal household' (Bindoff, 647), and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Richard Lowth, of Sawtry, Huntingdon. He had a brother, Gabriel...

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Bell, Sir Charles (1774–1842), physiologist and surgeon, the youngest of the six children of William Bell (1704–1779), an Episcopal clergyman, and his wife, Margaret Morrice, the daughter of a clergyman, was born in November 1774 at Fountainbridge, at that time a suburb of ...

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Blake, Dame Louisa Brandreth Aldrich- (1865–1925), surgeon, was born on 15 August 1865, at the rectory, Chingford, Essex, eldest daughter and second of six children of the Revd Frederick James Aldrich-Blake (formerly Aldrich; 1824–1904), rector of Chingford, and his wife, Louisa Blake Morrison (...

Article

D'A. Power

revised by Ian R. Whitehead

Bowlby, Sir Anthony Alfred, first baronet (1855–1929), surgeon, was born at Namur, Belgium, on 10 May 1855, the third son of Thomas William Bowlby (1817–1860), who was then in Belgium acting as correspondent of The Times, and his wife, Frances Marion, youngest daughter of ...

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Brodie, Sir Benjamin Collins, first baronet (1783–1862), physiologist and surgeon, was born on 8 June 1783 at Winterslow, Wiltshire, the fourth child and third son of Peter Bellinger Brodie (1742–1804), rector of the parish, and his wife, Sarah (1755–1847), daughter of Benjamin Collins...

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Brookes, William Penny (1809–1895), surgeon apothecary and campaigner for the revival of the Olympic games, was born on 13 August 1809 at 4 Wilmore Street, Much Wenlock, Shropshire, the first of the five children of William Brookes (1776–1830), doctor, and his wife, Mary Doughty (1786–1869)...

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Burkitt, Denis Parsons (1911–1993), surgeon and geographical epidemiologist, was born at Alexander Terrace, Enniskillen, co. Fermanagh, Ireland, on 28 February 1911, the elder of the two sons of James Parsons Burkitt (1870–1959), an engineer and county surveyor for Fermanagh, and his wife, Gwendolyn Hill (1878–1960)...

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Carmichael, Richard (1779–1849), surgeon and educationist, was born in Bishop Street, Dublin, on 6 February 1779, the fourth son of Hugh Carmichael, solicitor, who was closely related to the Scottish family of the earls of Hyndford, and his wife, Sarah (née Rogers)...

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Cheselden, William (1688–1752), surgeon and anatomist, born on 19 October 1688 in a dwelling, now Cheseldyne House, at Burrough on the Hill, Somerby, Leicestershire, was the third child and second son of George Cheselden, landowner and farmer, and his wife, Deborah, daughter of ...

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Clover, Joseph Thomas (1825–1882), anaesthetist and surgeon, was born on 28 February 1825 at home, over his father's shop, at 6 Market Place, Aylsham, Norfolk, the third of the five children of John Wright Clover (1780–1865), draper, and his second wife, Elizabeth Mary Anne Peterson (1791–1883)...

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Cooper, Sir Astley Paston, first baronet (1768–1841), surgeon, was born on 23 August 1768 at Brooke Hall, Norfolk, about 7 miles from Norwich, the fourth son and sixth child of the ten children born to the Revd Samuel Cooper (bap. 1739, d....

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Cullingworth, Charles James (1841–1908), gynaecologist and obstetrician, son of Griffith Cullingworth (d. 1860), bookseller, and his wife, Sarah Gledhill, was born on 3 June 1841 at 23 Commercial Street, Leeds. He was educated at Wesley College in Sheffield before joining the family business, but after his father's death he entered the ...

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Dawson, John (bap. 1735, d. 1820), mathematician and surgeon, was born at Raygill Farm in Garsdale, near Sedbergh in Yorkshire, the younger of the two sons of William Dawson and his wife, Mary, and was baptized on 25 February 1735. Accounts of his life have tended to stress the extreme poverty of his background. But ...

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Drake, Francis (bap. 1696, d. 1771), antiquary and surgeon, was baptized in Pontefract on 22 January 1696, the son of Francis Drake (1654–1713), vicar of Pontefract and canon of York, and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter and heir of John Dickson, town clerk of ...

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Fayrer, Sir Joseph, first baronet (1824–1907), surgeon and physician, was born at Plymouth on 6 December 1824, the second son of the six sons and two daughters of Commander Robert John Fayrer RN (1788–1869), and his wife, Agnes (d. 1861), daughter of ...

Article

G. B. Smith

revised by Anita McConnell

Gurney, Sir Goldsworthy (1793–1875), surgeon and engineer, was born on 14 February 1793 at Treator, near Padstow, in Cornwall, the fourth son in the family of five sons and a daughter of John Gurney and his wife, Isabell, née Carter. He was named after his godmother, a daughter of ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Roger Morriss

Hillyar, Sir James (1769–1843), naval officer, eldest son of James Hillyar, surgeon in the navy, was born on 29 October 1769 at Portsea, Hampshire. He entered the navy in 1779, on the Chatham, under Captain John Orde, and was in her at the capture of the ...

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Home, Sir Everard, first baronet (1756–1832), surgeon, was born at Hull, Yorkshire, on 6 May 1756, the son of Robert Home (1713–1786), a former army surgeon, of Greenlaw Castle, Berwickshire, and his wife, Mary (d. 1795), daughter of Colonel Alexander Hutchinson. Robert Home...

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Hunter, John (1728–1793), surgeon and anatomist, was born during the night of 13 February 1728, the youngest of ten children of John Hunter (1662/3–1741) and his wife, Agnes Paul (c.1685–1751), in the family holding at Long Calderwood in East Kilbride, a small village near ...