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See Babington, Anthony

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Alanus Anglicus (fl. c. 1190–c. 1210), canonist, was an Englishman who studied and taught canon law at Bologna. Little is known of his life. There is no firm evidence to support the speculation that he was identical with the 'Alanus, clerk of the lord pope ...

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Allen, Mary Sophia (1878–1964), police officer, was born on 12 March 1878 at 2 Marlborough Terrace, Newport Road, Roath, Glamorgan, the daughter of Thomas Isaac Allen (1841–1911), a superintendent of the Great Western Railway, and his wife, Margaret Sophia Carlyle (...

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Mary Sophia Allen (1878–1964) by Mrs Albert Broom, 1916 [centre, with members of the women police] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allibone [Allibond], Sir Richard (1636–1688), judge, was the son of Job Allibone (bap. 1599, d. 1672). Allibone's paternal grandfather, Peter Allibond, served as rector of Chenies, Buckinghamshire, until his death in 1629, but Job Allibone broke with the family religion and converted to Roman Catholicism. For this act he was disinherited, but he managed to secure himself a place in the ...

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Allott, Antony Nicolas [Tony] (1924–2002), jurist and magistrate, was born on 30 June 1924 at home, Leomont, in Jump, a mining village near Barnsley, Yorkshire, the first son and third of the nine children of Reginald William Allott (1892–1970), steelworks manager, and his wife, ...

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Sir Edmund Anderson (1530?–1605) by unknown artist, 1590s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, Sir Edmund (1530?–1605), judge, was born at Flixborough, Lincolnshire, the third son of Edward Anderson, landowner, and his wife, Joan Clayton. He was descended from Northumberland gentry but the family migrated to Lincolnshire before he was born. Anderson is said to have spent a brief period at ...

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Anstey, Richard of (c. 1137–1194/5), litigant, was the son of Hubert The squire (armiger), the chamberlain of Matilda, countess of Boulogne (King Stephen's queen), and of his wife, Agnes, daughter of Richard de Sackville. Hubert held lands of the honour of ...

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Sidney Lee

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Anstey, Thomas Chisholm (1816–1873), lawyer and politician, was the second son of Thomas Anstey (1777–1851), one of the earliest settlers in Van Diemen's Land, and his wife, Mary Turnbull (d. 1862), and was born in Kentish Town, London. He received his early education in ...

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Arden, Edward (1533–1583), convicted conspirator, was the son of a Warwickshire gentleman, William Arden, second cousin to Mary Arden, the mother of Shakespeare. William having died in 1545, Edward succeeded his grandfather Thomas as master of Park Hall, Warwickshire, in 1563. He married ...

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Armstrong, John [Johnnie], of Gilnockie (d. 1530), gang leader, is recorded as brother to Thomas Armstrong, laird of Mangerton, and so was presumably a younger son of this branch of the Armstrongs. He lived in Canonbie parish, which was then within the notorious ‘debatable land’ of the western Anglo-Scottish frontier and is now in ...

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Aton [Ayton, Acton], John (d. 1349), canon lawyer, was the son of John Aton. His ecclesiastical career began with appointments in Lincoln diocese. He first appears in surviving historical sources in 1327, when, as a master of arts, he represented the dean and chapter of ...

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Babington, Anthony (1561–1586), conspirator, was born in October 1561 at Dethick, Derbyshire, the third child and eldest son of Henry Babington of Dethick and his second wife, Mary, daughter of George, Lord Darcy, and granddaughter of Thomas, Lord Darcy, who was beheaded for his role in the Pilgrimage of Grace. The family had been established in ...

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Babington, Sir William (c. 1370–1454), justice, was from an ancient Northumberland family, whose members had, by the mid-fourteenth century, abandoned their interests there in favour first of Cambridgeshire and then of Nottinghamshire, where they had long held a manor at Rolleston near Newark...

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Backhouse, Sir Edmund Trelawny, second baronet (1873–1944), Sinologist and fraudster, eldest of the four surviving sons of Jonathan Edmund Backhouse, first baronet (1849–1918), a banker, and Florence (1845–1902), youngest daughter of Sir John Salusbury Salusbury-Trelawny, was born on 20 October 1873 at The Rookery, Middleton Tyas, Yorkshire...

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Bacon [Bacun], John (c. 1250–c. 1323), justice, was probably born in north-east Suffolk, near Great Yarmouth. He began his career as a junior clerk of the Westminster bench, c.1273. By 1280 he had entered the service of the more senior royal clerk, ...

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Bacon, Sir Thomas (d. 1336), justice, apparently came from Norfolk, where he held land at Burnham Deepdale. His parentage is unknown, but he seems to have been connected in some way with Sir Edmund Bacon, who held the manor of Gresham; suggestions that he was lord of ...

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W. P. Courtney

revised by G. Martin Murphy

Badeley, Edward Lowth (1803–1868), ecclesiastical lawyer, was born in Chelmsford, Essex, where he was baptized on 25 April 1803, the younger son of John Badeley MD (1746/7–1831), of Leigh's Hall, near Chelmsford, and his wife, Charlotte, née Brackenbury (bap. 1761...

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Baillie [Bailly], Charles (c. 1541–1625), conspirator and informer, was probably born in the Low Countries of Scottish descent. He was a good linguist, and from about 1564 found employment in the household of Mary, queen of Scots. By 1571 he was in the service of ...