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Alleyne [Allyn], Thomas (c. 1488–1558), clergyman and benefactor, was probably a native of Sudbury, Staffordshire, where he later made provision for the commemoration of his parents. A suggestion that he originated in the diocese of Salisbury and studied at Oxford seems to be without foundation. His father's name was most probably ...

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Anslay, Brian (d. 1536), administrator and translator, about whose parentage and origins little is known, participated, as yeoman of the wine cellar, in Henry VII's funeral procession and in Henry VIII's coronation ceremonies in 1509. In 1521 his translation of Christine de Pisan's...

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Arrowsmith, John (1602–1659), college head and theologian, was born on 29 March 1602 in Gateshead; nothing is known of his parents or early life. He entered St John's College, Cambridge, in 1616 and graduated BA in 1620. He proceeded MA in 1623, and in the same year became a fellow of ...

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Barker, Sir Christopher (d. 1550), herald, was one of three sons of William Barker of Stokesley, Yorkshire, and his wife, Jane, daughter of William Carlill or Carlisle of Newcastle; there were also half-brothers and a half-sister. Christopher Carlill (d. 1511), Norroy king of arms, was his uncle, and another ...

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Blount, Charles, fifth Baron Mountjoy (1516–1544), courtier and patron of learning, was the eldest son of William Blount, fourth Baron Mountjoy (c. 1478–1534), and his third wife, Alice Brown, née Kebel (or Keble; d. 1521). Charles was born on 28 June 1516 in ...

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John Bourchier, second Baron Berners (c. 1467–1533) attrib. Ambrosius Benson, c. 1521–6 Galerie Jan der Maere

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Bourchier, John, second Baron Berners (c. 1467–1533), soldier, diplomat, and translator, was the son of Sir Humphrey Bourchier (d. 1471) and Elizabeth (d. 1497), daughter and sole heir of Frederick Tilney of Boston, Lincolnshire. His father, a Yorkist, was killed at the battle of ...

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Brigham, Nicholas (d. 1558), administrator and antiquary, is of unknown origins. The date and place of his birth are unrecorded, and there is no evidence, Anthony Wood's surmises notwithstanding, that his family was associated with Caversham in Oxfordshire before his elder brother Anthony...

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Brinknell, Thomas (c. 1470–1539), schoolmaster and theologian, originated in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield, and studied the arts course at Lincoln College, Oxford, during the 1490s, gaining an MA degree by 1495. On leaving Oxford he began a lifelong vocation as a grammar-school master. His first post was at ...

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Buckmaster, William (d. 1546), scholar, graduated BA in 1513–14 as a student of Peterhouse, Cambridge, where he was admitted a fellow in 1517. He was admitted MA the same year, and was ordained deacon in the diocese of Lincoln on 18 September 1518 and priest on 18 December. He was admitted BTh in 1525 and DTh in 1528, the year of his appointment as Lady Margaret preacher. Elected vice-chancellor of ...

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Burghall, Edward (bap. 1600, d. 1665), clergyman and ejected minister, and schoolmaster, was baptized on 9 December 1600 at Beeston township in the parish of Bunbury, Cheshire, one of seven known children of Hugh Burghall (d. 1632) of Beeston, in Bunbury, a yeoman of an established local family, and his wife, ...

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Capon, William (c. 1480–1550), college head, younger brother of John Capon, bishop of Salisbury, was born at Salcot, Essex. He was educated at Cambridge University, where he graduated BA in 1499 (when he was probably about nineteen or twenty), MA in 1502, and DD in 1517. He became a fellow of ...

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Sir John Cheke (1514–1557) attrib. Lodovico Leoni, c. 1555 © Copyright The British Museum

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Cheke, Sir John (1514–1557), humanist, royal tutor, and administrator, was born on 16 June 1514 in a house on the corner of Market Hill and Petty Cury in Cambridge, the son of Peter Cheke (d. 1530), administrator, of Cambridge, and his wife, ...

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Claymond, John (1467/8–1536), humanist and college head, was born in Frampton in Lincolnshire, the son of John and Alice Claymond. Possibly educated at the school of Magdalen College in Oxford, he was admitted to the college itself as a demy in 1484 aged sixteen, became a fellow in July 1488, senior commoner in 1493, and president in 1507. In the same year he received his MA and lectured in the university on ...

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Dewey D. Wallace, jun.

Conant, John (1608–1694), college head, was born on 18 October 1608 at Yettington, Bicton, in south-east Devon, the eldest son of Robert Conant and his wife, Elizabeth Morris; the family had lived for several generations in Devon. His uncle of the same name, rector of ...

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Cottisford, John (d. 1540), college head, was born in the late fifteenth century, and was either from the Oxfordshire village of Cottisford, or from nearby Launton. He seems to have gone to Lincoln College and was a BA by 1505 and MA by 1510, and then proceeded to become a bachelor and subsequently doctor in theology by 1525. His slow progress was probably due to his involvement in the administrative affairs of the college, of which he was a fellow in 1509–19, its bursar in 1513, sub-rector in 1516 and 1518, and subsequently rector from 1519 to 1539. He was also a senior proctor of the university, and in 1527 became the chancellor's commissary until 1532; in this connection he was heavily involved in the questions to the ...

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Cox, Leonard (b. c. 1495, d. in or after 1549), schoolmaster, was, according to Anthony Wood, the second son of Laurence Cox of Monmouth and his wife, Elizabeth, née Willey. Nothing is known of his early years. He must have spent some time in ...

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Croke, Richard (1489–1558), Greek scholar, was born in London. Nothing is known about his family, except that he had a brother, Robert, who was living in Coltishall in Norfolk in 1538 and in Water Orton, Warwickshire, in 1558, when he was named as one of the executors of ...

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Dauntsey, William (c. 1480–1543), merchant and benefactor, was the fourth and youngest known son of John Dauntsey, esquire, of West Lavington, Wiltshire, where his family could trace its ancestry back to the mid-twelfth century, and his wife, Margery. He is to be distinguished from a contemporary namesake (...