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Botha, Louis (1862–1919), prime minister of the Union of South Africa and army officer, was born on 27 September 1862 at Honigfontein, near Greytown, Natal, the ninth child of Louis Botha (1827–1883), farmer, and his wife, Salomina Adriana Van Rooyen, both of whom had gone on the great trek as children. Until ...

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Maker: Sir James Guthrie

Louis Botha (1862–1919) by Sir James Guthrie, c. 1919–21 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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See Ginckel, Godard van Reede-, first earl of Athlone

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Gomme, Sir Bernard de (1620–1685), military engineer, was born at Torneus (Terneuzen) in Flanders, the son of Peter de Gomme. Nothing is known of de Gomme's early career or family background. He served in the campaigns of Frederick Henry, prince of Orange, and acquired a knowledge of military engineering. He had, besides, experience in drainage and land reclamation. In 1636 a ...

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Reitz, Deneys (1882–1944), soldier and politician in South Africa, was born at Bloemfontein, Orange Free State, on 2 April 1882, the third of the five sons of Francis William Reitz (1844–1934), and his first wife, Blanca Thesen (1854–1887), a member of a Norwegian family that had settled in ...

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Schuyler, Philip John (1733–1804), revolutionary army officer and politician in the United States of America, was born on 10 November 1733 at the south-east corner of Pearl and State streets, Albany, New York, the third of the five children that survived childhood of ...

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Smuts, Jan Christiaan (1870–1950), prime minister of South Africa, army officer, and writer on evolution, was born on 24 May 1870 at Bovenplaats, near Riebeeck West in the Malmesbury district of Cape Colony, the second child of Jacobus Abraham (Kosie) Smuts (1845–1914) and ...

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Maker: Elliott & Fry

Jan Christiaan Smuts (1870–1950) by Elliott & Fry, 1917 © National Portrait Gallery, London