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Abercrombie, Lascelles (1881–1938), poet and literary critic, was born at Manor House, Ashton upon Mersey, Cheshire, on 9 January 1881, the sixth son, and the tenth of eleven children (two of whom died in childhood), of William Abercrombie (1838–1908), stockbroker, of Ashton upon Mersey...

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Thomas Arnold (1823–1900) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Arnold, Thomas (1823–1900), literary scholar and teacher, was born on 30 November 1823 at Laleham, Middlesex, the third of the nine surviving children of Dr Thomas Arnold (1795–1842), schoolmaster and clergyman, and his wife, Mary, née Penrose (1791–1873), youngest daughter of the Revd John Penrose...

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Austin, Lloyd James (1915–1994), scholar of French literature, was born on 4 November 1915 in Melbourne, Australia, the third of four children (all sons) of J. W. A. Austin and his wife, née J. E. Tymms. He grew up in Melbourne and was educated at ...

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Barker, Edmund Henry (1788–1839), classical scholar and editor, was born at Hollym vicarage, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, on 22 December 1788, the eldest son of Robert Barker (1756–1816), vicar of Hollym-with-Withernsea, and his wife, Ann, née Atkinson (1768/9-1829). After receiving his schooling at ...

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Sir (Harold) Idris Bell (1879–1967) by Walter Stoneman, 1955 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bell, Sir (Harold) Idris (1879–1967), papyrologist and scholar of Welsh literature, was born on 2 October 1879 at Epworth, Lincolnshire, the son of Charles Christopher Bell (b. 1845), chemist, and his wife, Rachel Hughes (d. 1880). His father's family had been yeoman farmers in the north midlands and had marked literary leanings, his father not least; but the Welsh inheritance from his mother meant more to ...

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Blair, Hugh (1718–1800), Church of Scotland minister and literary critic, was born in Edinburgh on 7 April 1718, the only child of John Blair, a clerk in the Excise Office, and Martha, daughter of Alexander Ogston, an Edinburgh bookseller, and his wife, Martha...

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Edmund Charles Blunden (1896–1974) by Ralph Hodgson, 1921 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Blunden, Edmund Charles (1896–1974), poet and university teacher, was born on 1 November 1896 at 54A Tottenham Court Road, London, the eldest of the nine children (five sons and four daughters) of Charles Edmund Blunden (1871–1951) and his wife, Georgina Margaret (1868–1967), daughter of ...

Article

Henry Bradley

revised by John D. Haigh

Bosworth, Joseph (1787/8–1876), Old English scholar, the third son of Thomas Bosworth of Etwall, Derbyshire, was born at Etwall and was baptized there on 1 June 1788. He was educated at Repton grammar school, and then at the University of Aberdeen, where at an early age he took the degree of MA, and subsequently that of LLD. He later became a member of ...

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Bowle, John (1725–1788), literary editor, was born on 15 October 1725 at Idmiston, near Salisbury, Wiltshire, the eldest of the four children of John Bowle (c.1700–1743), gentleman, and his wife, Sarah (1700–1785), daughter of the Revd Thomas Westley, rector of Brockley, Somerset...

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Brewer, Derek Stanley (1923–2008), literary scholar and college head, was born on 13 July 1923 at 49 Canada Road, Gabalfa, Cardiff, the younger son of Stanley Leonard Brewer (1892–1963), a clerk at an electrical fittings factory, and his wife, Winifred Helen, née Forbes (1896–1985)...

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Sonia Mary Brownell [Sonia Orwell] (1918–1980) by unknown photographer, 1949 [left, at the offices of Horizon] UCL, MSSRB, Orwell Archive 3B18

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Brownell [married names Blair, Pitt-Rivers], Sonia Mary [known as Sonia Orwell] (1918–1980), literary editor, writer, and friend of artists and intellectuals, was born Sonia Mary Brownell on 25 August 1918 at Mesra Thaua, Ranchi, Bihar, India, the younger daughter of ...

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Chamberlayne, John (1668/9–1723), translator and literary editor, was a younger son of Edward Chamberlayne (1616–1703), author of Angliae notitiae, or, The Present State of England, and his wife, Susannah Clifford (d. 1704). He was probably born in Chelsea but may have spent part of his childhood in ...

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Francis James Child (1825–1896) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Child, Francis James (1825–1896), philologist and ballad scholar, was born on 1 February 1825 in Boston, Massachusetts, to Joseph Child (1792–1879), sailmaker, and his wife, Alice, née James (d. 1839?). He attended Boston's public schools before he was prepared for college at the Latin school there at the insistence and expense of its principal, ...

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Chorley, John Rutter (1806–1867), scholar of Spanish literature and poet, was born on 31 July 1806 at Blackley Hurst, near Billinge, Lancashire, the third of the four children of John Chorley (1771–1816), iron worker and lock maker, and his wife, Jane, née Wilkinson (1779–1851)...

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J. M. Rigg

revised by Lionel Alexander Ritchie

Clark, John (d. 1807), scholar of Scottish Gaelic literature and land agent, was, in the astringent judgement of the Celtic scholar Alexander Macbain, 'James Macpherson's fellow Badenoch man, contemporary, friend, and sincere imitator in poetry and literary honesty' (Macbain, 186...