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Achilli, (Giovanni) Giacinto (b. c. 1803), Dominican priest, anti-Catholic polemicist, and seducer, was born in the village of Celleno, 18 miles from Viterbo, then in the Papal States. He joined the Dominican order in 1819, studied at the convent of the Minerva in ...

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Aikenhead, Mary Frances (1787–1858), Roman Catholic nun, was born on 19 January 1787, in the house adjoining the Aikenhead and Dupont apothecary premises on the corner of Grand Parade and Castle Street in Cork. She was the eldest of four children of Dr David Aikenhead...

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Alcuin [Albinus, Flaccus] (c. 740–804), abbot of St Martin's, Tours, and royal adviser, was a major figure in the revival of learning and letters under the Frankish king and emperor, Charlemagne (r. 768–814).

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Aldhelm [St Aldhelm] (d. 709/10), abbot of Malmesbury, bishop of Sherborne, and scholar, was a prolific Latin author whose idiosyncratic style of composition in the media of prose and verse, both metrical and rhythmical, was profoundly influential both in England and on the continent up to the Norman conquest. His life is moderately well documented: ...

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Anselm [St Anselm] (c. 1033–1109), abbot of Bec and archbishop of Canterbury, was the most original and widely attractive theological and devotional writer in western Europe between St Augustine (c.400) and the author of The Imitation of Christ (c.1450)....

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Baker, David [name in religion Augustine] (1575–1641), Benedictine monk and mystical writer, was born in Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, on 9 December 1575, the thirteenth and youngest child of William Baker (d. 1606), receiver-general of the barony of Abergavenny and recorder of the borough—two positions which at this time were virtually hereditary in the ...

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Baron, Bartholomew [name in religion Bonaventure] (1610–1696), Franciscan theologian and writer, was born at Clonmel, co. Tipperary, on 24 July 1610, the second son of Lawrence Baron (d. 1622), a merchant of Clonmel, and his first wife, Mary or Maria Butler (...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Ruth Jordan

Barrow [alias Waring, Harcourt], William (c. 1609–1679), Jesuit, was born in Weeton-cum-Prees, Lancashire, the younger son of John Barrow, a yeoman and recusant, and Margaret (probably née Waring), also a recusant. In 1628 he entered the English College at St Omer where he was educated until he entered the ...

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Bartholomaeus Anglicus (b. before 1203, d. 1272), Franciscan friar and encyclopaedist, is of unknown parentage, and there is no information about his early years. His association with the Suffolk Glanvilles, reported by John Leland, who identifies Bartholomaeus as Bartholomew de Glanville, depends upon a late fourteenth-century colophon in Cambridge, Peterhouse, MS 67. ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Ruth Jordan

Caldwell [alias Fenwick], John (1628–1679), Jesuit, was born in co. Durham of protestant parents who disowned him when, on his arriving at mature age, he embraced the Roman Catholic faith. He studied humanities at the English College at St Omer from 1654 to 1656 and entered the ...

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Clement, Margaret (1539–1612), prioress of St Ursula's, Louvain, was the youngest of the eleven children of John Clement (d. 1572), physician, and his wife, Margaret, née Giggs (1508–1570) [see Clement, Margaret]. The Clements were prominent humanist Roman Catholics who had met in the household of ...

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Coleman [Colman], Walter (1600–1645), Franciscan friar, missionary, and writer, was born in 1600 in Cannock, Staffordshire, the son of Walter Coleman (d. c.1620) and his second wife, Elizabeth (d. 1618), daughter of Humphrey Whitgreave; his mother's family later sheltered Charles II...

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Coleridge, Henry James (1822–1893), Jesuit, born in London on 20 September 1822, was the second son of Sir John Taylor Coleridge (1790–1876), and his wife, Mary (1788–1874), the second daughter of the Revd Gilbert Buchanan. Henry was a great-nephew of the poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge...

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Copleston, Frederick Charles (1907–1994), philosopher and Jesuit, was born on 10 April 1907 at Claremont, Trull, near Taunton, Somerset, the elder son of Frederick Selwyn Copleston (1850–1935), civil servant in India and high court judge in Rangoon, and his second wife, Norah Margaret...

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Cusack, Margaret Anne [name in religion Mary Francis Clare; called the Nun of Kenmare] (1829–1899), founder of the Sisters of St Joseph of Peace and writer, was born on 6 May 1829 in York Street, Dublin, the elder of two children of ...

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D'Arcy, Martin Cyril (1888–1976), Jesuit and theologian, was born on 15 June 1888 near Bath, the youngest of four sons, two of whom died in childhood, of Martin Valentine D'Arcy, a barrister on the northern circuit, and his wife, Madoline Mary Keegan. He was educated at ...

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Dene, Peter (d. in or after 1334), canon lawyer and monk, no doubt derived from one of the villages called Dean in Sussex. A secular priest of the Chichester diocese, he began to acquire benefices in Sussex by the late 1280s and, later, benefices elsewhere. By 1287 ...

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Dennett, Mary [name in religion Christina] (1730–1781), prioress of the Holy Sepulchre, Liège, was born at Appleton, Widnes, Lancashire, the youngest of the four children of Henry Dennett (d. c.1735) and his wife, Mary Harrison, of Appleton. Convent sources record that at the time of her parents' marriage ...

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Dickinson, Frances [name in religion Clare Joseph of the Heart of Jesus] (1755–1830), prioress at Port Tobacco Carmel, Maryland, was born on 12 July 1755, in London, one of at least two daughters and several sons of George Dickinson and his wife, ...

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Drane, Augusta Theodosia [name in religion Francis Raphael] (1823–1894), prioress of Stone and author, born at Bromley St Leonard's, Middlesex, on 28 December 1823, was the youngest of three daughters (she also had an elder brother) of Thomas Drane (1794–1864), a managing partner in the ...