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Abel, Sir Frederick Augustus, first baronet (1827–1902), chemist and explosives expert, was born on 17 July 1827 at Woolwich, the eldest son of Johann Leopold Abel (1795–1871), a music master in Kennington, and his wife, Louisa (d. 1864), daughter of Martin Hopkins...

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H. M. Vibart

revised by James Falkner

Adams, James Williams (1839–1903), army chaplain, born on 24 November 1839 in Cork, was the only son of James O'Brien Adams, magistrate of Cork (d. 1854), and his wife, Elizabeth Williams. Educated at Hamlin and Porter's School, on the South Mall, Cork...

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E. M. Lloyd

revised by James Lunt

Adye, Sir John Miller (1819–1900), army officer, was born at Sevenoaks, Kent, on 1 November 1819, the son of Major James Pattison Adye, Royal Artillery, and Jane, daughter of J. Mortimer Kelson of Sevenoaks. His grandfather Major Stephen Payne Adye, Royal Artillery, had three sons in the regiment. ...

Article

Airey, Richard, Baron Airey (1803–1881), army officer, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne in April 1803, the eldest son from the six boys and three girls of Lieutenant-General Sir George Airey (1761–1833) and his wife, Catherine Talbot (d. 1852), third daughter of ...

Article

Alfred, Prince, duke of Edinburgh (1844–1900), duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, naval officer, and son of Queen Victoria, was born Alfred Ernest Albert at Windsor Castle on 6 August 1844, the second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. An extroverted child, his capacity for learning delighted his parents. They feared that the comparative academic weakness of his elder brother ...

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Allenby, Edmund Henry Hynman, first Viscount Allenby of Megiddo (1861–1936), army officer, was born on 23 April 1861, St George's day, on the estate of his mother's family at Brackenhurst Hall, near Southwell, Nottinghamshire, the second child and eldest son of six children (three boys, three girls) of ...

Article

Amherst, Jeffrey, first Baron Amherst (1717–1797), army officer, was born on 29 January 1717 at Brooks Place, Riverhead, Kent, the second son of Jeffrey Amherst (d. 1750) and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1751), daughter of Thomas Kerrill of Hadlow, Kent. John Amherst...

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Anderson, Sir Robert (1841–1918), spymaster, detective chief, and author, was born on 29 May 1841 in Mountjoy Square, Dublin, the third son of Matthew Anderson (1804–1888), crown solicitor, Dublin, and his wife, Mary née Lee. The second son, Sir Samuel Lee Anderson (...

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Anderson, Sir (Warren) Hastings (1872–1930), army officer, was born at the barracks, Aldershot, on 9 January 1872, the eldest son of Lieutenant-General David Anderson, governor of the Royal Military College, Sandhurst (1886–8), and temporary commander of the Aldershot garrison, and his wife, Charlotte Christina...

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Andrewes, Sir William Gerrard (1899–1974), naval officer, was born on 3 November 1899 at Chilcomb rectory, St Giles Hill, Winchester, the second son of the Revd Canon Gerrard Thomas Andrewes, rector of the parish of Chilcomb, and his wife, Helen Louisa, daughter of ...

Article

Anson, George, Baron Anson (1697–1762), naval officer and politician, was born on 23 April 1697 at Colwich, Staffordshire, the second son of William Anson (d. 1720) and his wife, Isabella, daughter and coheir of Charles Carrier of Wirksworth, Derbyshire. As the younger son of a minor country gentleman, ...

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Ayscue, Sir George (c. 1615–1672), naval officer, was the eldest son of William Ayscue (d. c.1632), originally of Lincoln, gentleman of the privy chamber to Charles I. The identity of his mother is uncertain. Ayscue was also a godson of George Abbot...

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Bacon, Sir Reginald Hugh Spencer (1863–1947), naval officer, was born on 6 September 1863 at Wiggonholt rectory, Sussex, youngest of the eight children of the Revd Thomas Bacon and his wife, Emma Lavinia, daughter of George Shaw of Teignmouth. He entered the Royal Navy...

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Bader, Sir Douglas Robert Steuart (1910–1982), air force officer, was born at St John's Wood, London, on 21 February 1910, the younger child and younger son of Frederick Roberts Bader, a civil engineer working in India, and his wife, Jessie McKenzie. He was educated at ...

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Baker, Valentine [called Baker Pasha] (1827–1887), army officer, was born on 1 April 1827 at Enfield, the third son of Samuel Baker (d. 1862), later of Lypiatt Park, Stroud, Gloucestershire, and his first wife, Mary, daughter of Thomas Dobson of Enfield...

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Balchen, Sir John (1670–1744), naval officer, was born on 2 February 1670 at Godalming, Surrey, the fourth and only surviving child of John Balchin and Ann Edsur. His paternal forebears were yeoman landholders of long standing in the vicinity. (Although the name is commonly spelt ...

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Baly, Monica Eileen (1914–1998), nurse and historian of nursing, was born on 24 May 1914 at 23 Shirley Park Road, Shirley, near Croydon, Surrey, the first of the two children, and the only daughter, of Albert Frank Baly (d. 1953), a clerk with ...

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Barker, Nicholas John (1933–1997), naval officer, was born in Sliema, Malta, on 19 May 1933, the son of Lieutenant-Commander John Frederick Barker (c.1906–1940), naval officer, and his wife, Jillian, née Paget (d. 1943), artist. His father was killed in action off ...

Article

A. S. Bolton

revised by James Falkner

Barnes, Sir Edward (1776–1838), army officer, of Beech-hill Park, near Barnet, was born on 28 October 1776 and baptized at St Andrew Undershaft in the City of London on 22 April 1777, the son of John Barnes of Liverpool and his wife Anne née ...

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Barry, James (c. 1799–1865), army medical officer and transvestite, was probably born Margaret, the youngest daughter of Mrs Mary Ann Bulkley or Bulkeley, the sister of the artist James Barry; her paternity is in doubt. From the age of ten she dressed and presented herself as a man, but the woman who laid out her corpse declared that she was female: '...