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Adler, Hermann (1839–1911), chief rabbi, was born in Hanover on 30 May 1839, the second son of two sons and three daughters of Nathan Marcus Adler (1803–1890), then chief rabbi of Hanover, and his first wife, Henrietta Worms (d. 1854). In June 1845 the family moved to ...

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Adler, Nathan Marcus (1803–1890), chief rabbi, was born on 15 January 1803 in Hanover, the third son of Mordecai Baer Adler, the unofficial chief rabbi in Hanover. His mother's name remains unknown. Adler's education, a synthesis of strict Orthodox Judaism and the world of secular scholarship, typified the modern outlook of ‘Torah-true’ Judaism fashioned in the wake of the Enlightenment. ...

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Brodie, Sir Israel (1895–1979), chief rabbi, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne on 10 May 1895 as the second son and second of the five children (one daughter; a son died in infancy) of Aaron Uri Brodie (originally Braude or Broide), a sales representative who had immigrated from ...

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Cohen, Sir Robert Waley (1877–1952), oil industrialist, was born in London on 8 September 1877, the second son of Nathaniel Louis Cohen, a leading figure in the City, and his wife, Julia Matilda Cohen (1853–1917), daughter of Jacob Waley (1818–1873). A sister of ...

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Cutner, Solomon [performing name Solomon] (1902–1988), pianist, was born on 9 August 1902 at 39 Fournier Street, in the East End of London, the youngest in the family of four sons and three daughters of Harris Cutner (formerly Schneiderman), master tailor, the grandson of a Polish émigré from ...

Article

Lewis Melville

revised by William Baker

Farjeon, Benjamin Leopold (1838–1903), novelist and playwright, second son of the five children of Jacob Farjeon (d. 1865), a poor second-hand clothes dealer, and his wife, Dinah Levy of Deal, Kent, was born in London on 12 May 1838. His parents were Orthodox Jews. Brought up in ...

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Feldman, Martin Alan [Marty] (1934–1982), comedian and scriptwriter, was born on 8 July 1934 at University College Hospital, London, the elder of the two children of Myer Feldman, a gown manufacturer of Islington, and his wife, Cecilia (Cissie), née Crook. He had a sister, ...

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Hertz, Joseph Herman (1872–1946), chief rabbi, was born on 25 September 1872 in the village of Rebrin, near Michalovce in Slovakia, then part of Hungary, the second son of Simon Hertz (1847–1913) and his wife, Esther Fanny Moskowitz (1848–1936). The elder Hertz was a Jewish teacher and was ...

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Jonathan Wittenberg

Jacobs, Louis (1920–2006), rabbi, was born on 17 July 1920 at 23 Penrose Street, Cheetham, Manchester, the only child of Harris (Harry) Jacobs, tailor, and his wife, Lena, née Myerstone. His traditional, but by no means ultra-Orthodox, parents enrolled him in Manchester central high school...

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Joseph, Sir Maxwell [formerly Max] (1910–1982), hotelier and property dealer, was born Max Joseph on 31 May 1910, at 21 Whitechapel Road, London, the second of the three sons of Jack Joseph, a journeyman tailor and property dealer, and his wife, Sarah Orler...

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Lauterpacht, Sir Hersch (1897–1960), international lawyer, was born on 16 August 1897 at Zolkiew, a village near Lemberg (Lwów) in eastern Galicia, Poland, the younger son in a family of three children of Aaron Lauterpacht, a timber merchant of fluctuating fortune, and his wife, ...

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Levy, Joseph Moses (1812–1888), newspaper proprietor, was born in Whitechapel in the East End of London on 15 December 1812, the son of Moses Lionel Levy and Helena, daughter of J. Moses. Like his father, he was an Orthodox Jew. After an unconventional education at ...

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Lyon, Hart [Hirsch Lewin or Loebel] (1721–1800), rabbi, was born in Rzeszow, Poland, the son of Rabbi Aryeh Loeb ben Saul (1690–1755), a man of distinguished rabbinical lineage who was sometimes known by the surname Loewenstamm, and his wife, Miriam (d. 1753)...

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Montagu, Lilian Helen [Lily] (1873–1963), feminist and social worker, was born at 96 Lancaster Gate, London, on 22 December 1873, the sixth of the ten children of Samuel Montagu, first Baron Swaythling (1832–1911), and his wife, Ellen Cohen (1848–1919). Her father, Liberal MP for ...

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Montagu, Samuel, first Baron Swaythling (1832–1911), merchant banker and philanthropist, was born Montagu Samuel in Liverpool on 21 December 1832, the second son and youngest child of Louis Samuel (1794–1859), watchmaker and silversmith of Liverpool, and his wife, Henrietta, daughter of Israel Israel...

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Montefiore, Sir Moses Haim (1784–1885), financier and Jewish community leader, the eldest son of Joseph Elias Montefiore, a London businessman, and Rachel, the daughter of Abraham Lumbroso de Mattos Mocatta, was born in Leghorn, Italy (during a visit there by his parents), on 24 October 1784. On his father's side ...

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Pollard, Sidney [formerly Siegfried Pollak] (1925–1998), historian, was born in Vienna, Austria, on 21 April 1925, the second son of Moses Pollak, a commercial traveller, and his wife, Leontine Katz. His parents had both migrated to Vienna from Galicia, his father before the First World War. ...

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Rothschild, Lionel Nathan de, Baron de Rothschild in the nobility of the Austrian empire (1808–1879), banker, was born on 22 November 1808, at 12 Great St Helen's, London, the second child and the first son in a family of four sons and three daughters of ...

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Rothschild, Nathan Mayer (1777–1836), merchant and financier, was born on 16 September 1777 at Frankfurt am Main, Germany. He was the son of Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744–1812), coin dealer and money lender, and his wife Gutle (1753–1849), daughter of Wolf Schnapper, a wealthy ...

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Rothschild, Nathaniel Mayer [Natty] de, first Baron Rothschild (1840–1915), merchant banker, was born on 8 November 1840 in London, the third child and eldest son of Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808–1879), merchant banker, and his wife, Charlotte de Rothschild (1819–1884), daughter of Lionel's...