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Abercromby, Alexander, Lord Abercromby (1745–1795), judge and essayist, was born on 15 October 1745, probably at Menstrie, Clackmannanshire, the fourth and youngest son of George Abercromby of Tullibody, Clackmannanshire (1705–1800), who had trained as an advocate, and his wife, Mary (d. 1767)...

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Aikenhead, Thomas (bap. 1676, d. 1697), freethinker and blasphemer, was baptized on 28 March 1676, the son of James Aikenhead (d. in or before 1683), apothecary and burgess of Edinburgh, and his wife, Helen (d. 1685), daughter of Thomas Ramsey, former minister of ...

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Craigie Mason Aitchison, Lord Aitchison (1882–1941) by Stanley Cursiter, 1937 in the collection of the Faculty of Advocates; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Aitchison, Craigie Mason, Lord Aitchison (1882–1941), judge, was born at the manse, Erskine, Falkirk, on 26 January 1882, the second son of the Revd James Aitchison, minister of the United Presbyterian church, and his wife, Elizabeth Mason Craigie. He was educated at Falkirk high school...

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Anstruther, Sir Alexander (1769–1819), judge and legal writer, was born on 10 September 1769, the second son of Sir Robert Anstruther, third baronet (1733–1818), of Balcaskie, Fife, and his wife, Lady Janet Erskine (d. 1770), youngest daughter of the fifth earl of Kellie...

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Anstruther, Sir William, of that ilk, Lord Anstruther (d. 1711), judge, was the eldest son of Sir Philip Anstruther of that ilk—whom he succeeded in 1702—and Christian, daughter of Sir James Lumsden of Innergelly. His father served with the royalist army defeated at ...

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Archibald, Sir Adams George (1814–1892), lawyer and politician in Canada, was born on 3 May 1814 in Truro, Nova Scotia, the second son of Samuel Archibald, a farmer and justice of the peace, and his wife, Elizabeth, the daughter of Matthew Archibald. Following graduation from ...

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Archibald, Sir Thomas Dickson (1817–1876), judge, was born at Truro, Nova Scotia, the sixth son of Samuel George William Archibald (1777–1846), a distinguished lawyer in Nova Scotia who fathered nineteen children in all, and his first wife, Elizabeth (d. 1830), daughter of ...

Article

G. W. T. Omond

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Asher, Alexander (1834–1905), lawyer and politician, was born at Inveravon, Banffshire, on 27 January 1834, the third son and fifth child in the family of five sons and four daughters of William Asher DD (1791–1874), parish minister of Inveravon, and his wife, Katherine Forbes (...

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Baillie, Charles, Lord Jerviswoode (1804–1879), lawyer and politician, was born at Mellerstain, Berwickshire, on 3 November 1804, the second son of George Baillie of Mellerstain, Berwickshire, and of Jerviswoode, Lanarkshire, and his wife, Mary, the youngest daughter of Sir James Pringle, baronet, of ...

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Baillie, Robert, of Jerviswood (d. 1684), conspirator, was the son of George Baillie of St John's Kirk, Lanarkshire, of the Lamington Baillies, and the nephew of the covenanter leader, Archibald Johnston of Wariston. Of presbyterian principles, he was, according to his cousin, Gilbert Burnet...

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Robert Baillie of Jerviswood (d. 1684) by unknown artist in a private Scottish collection

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Baird, Sir John, Lord Newbyth (bap. 1620, d. 1698), judge, was baptized in Edinburgh on 10 September 1620, the son of James Baird (d. 1655) of Little Fiddes and Byth, Aberdeenshire, advocate, and his wife, Bethia, daughter of John Dempster of Logiealton...

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Baker, Sir George Gillespie (1910–1984), judge, was born in Stirling on 25 April 1910, the only child of Captain John Kilgour Baker, of Stirling, and his wife, Jane Gillespie. Baker's mother, whom he did not remember, died in 1914. His father, a captain in the ...

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Balfour, John, of Kinloch (fl. 1663–1683), covenanter, was the son of John Balfour (d. c.1652), portioner of Kinloch, in the parish of Collessie, and his wife, Grissel Hay (d. c.1653). Served heir to his grandfather Robert Balfour on 26 February 1663, he was described as a '...

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Balfour, John Blair, first Baron Kinross (1837–1905), advocate and politician, born at Clackmannan on 11 July 1837, was the second son (in a family of two sons and a daughter) of Peter Balfour (1794–1862), parish minister of that place, and his wife, Jane Ramsay (...

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Sir William Macleod Bannatyne, Lord Bannatyne (1744–1833) by Sir Henry Raeburn Polesden Lacey (The National Trust) / NTPL / John Hammond

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Bannatyne, Sir William Macleod, Lord Bannatyne (1744–1833), judge, was born on 26 January 1744, perhaps in Edinburgh, the son of Roderick Macleod (d. 1784) of Sunbank, writer to the signet, and his first wife, Isabel (fl. 1736–1744), daughter of Hector Bannatyne...

Article

T. F. Henderson

revised by Eric Metcalfe

Barclay, Hugh (1799–1884), judge, was born on 18 January 1799 in the Gorbals, Glasgow, son of John Barclay, merchant, and Jean McKinlay. After serving his apprenticeship as a law agent he was admitted a member of the Faculty of Advocates in 1821. In 1829 he was appointed sheriff-substitute of ...

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Bayne, Alexander, of Rires (c. 1684–1737), advocate and jurist, was the eldest son of John Bayne of Logie (d. in or before 1700), sheriff-clerk of Fife, and his wife, Cecilia Gibson (fl. 1670–1705), daughter of John Gibson of Durie and Elizabeth...