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date: 04 March 2021

Hoffnung, Gerard [formerly Gerhardt]locked

  • Richard Ingrams
  • , revised


Hoffnung, Gerard [formerly Gerhardt] (1925–1959), cartoonist and musical humorist, was born in Grünewald, Berlin, on 22 March 1925, the only child of German-Jewish parents, Ludwig Hoffnung, a wealthy grain merchant, and his wife, Hilde, a widow, whose first husband, Schnabel, was killed in the First World War. His mother was a keen amateur musician and artist who encouraged his artistic talents. From his earliest years he was interested in the macabre—fairy tales, practical jokes, and the comic drawings of the famous German illustrators and caricaturists....

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S. Sadie, ed., , 20 vols. (1980); 2nd edn., 29 vols. (2001)
Calendars of the grants of probate … made in … HM court of probate [England and Wales]
National Portrait Gallery, London