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Eadnoth the Stallerlocked

(d. 1068)
  • Ann Williams

Eadnoth the Staller (d. 1068), landowner and administrator, is addressed in a writ of Edward the Confessor, relating to Hampshire and dated between 1053 and 1066 (AS chart., S 1129); his attestation is also found on two spurious charters for 1065 and he was probably at the beginning of his career in the 1060s. Stallers were members of the royal household and Eadnoth is elsewhere identified as the Confessor's steward; he seems also to have served as a royal justice. He continued in the service of Harold II and then of William I until he was killed in 1068 at Bleadon at the head of a force defending Somerset against an invasion by the sons of Harold. His estates, in Berkshire, Wiltshire, Dorset, Somerset, Devon, and Gloucestershire, passed to Hugh d'Avranches, earl of Chester. He may have held some 65 hides of land in all, but there is some doubt as to whether he should be identified with another of Earl Hugh's predecessors, Alnoth the Staller. The names are distinct, but Alnoth could represent Old English Ealdnoth, and the Domesday scribe occasionally confuses the name elements Eald- and Ead-; alternatively Alnoth and Eadnoth may have been brothers. Eadnoth has been identified as the father of Harding son of Eadnoth, who by 1086 was a substantial landowner in Somerset, probably by virtue of service to the king; he was a royal justice in the time of William II and was still living in the early 1120s. Harding's Somerset lands went to his son, Nicholas of Meriott; another son was Robert fitz Harding, the Bristol burgess and founder of the second house of Berkeley.

Sources

  • ASC, s.a. 1067
  • R. B. Patterson, ‘Robert fitz Harding of Bristol: profile of an early Angevin burgess–baron patrician and his family's urban involvement’, Haskins Society Journal, 1 (1989), 109–22
  • A. Williams, The English and the Norman conquest (1995)
  • C. P. Lewis, ‘The formation of the honor of Chester, 1066–1100’, Journal of the Chester Archaeological Society, 71 (1991), 37–68 [G. Barraclough issue, The earldom of Chester and its charters, ed. A. T. Thacker]
  • P. A. Clarke, The English nobility under Edward the Confessor (1994)
  • S. Keynes, ‘Regenbald the chancellor (sic)’, ANS, 10 (1988)
  • F. E. Harmer, ed., Anglo-Saxon writs (1952)
  • AS chart., S 1129
P. H. Sawyer, , Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks (1968)
D. Whitelock, D. C. Douglas, & S. I. Tucker, eds. and trans., (1961)
John of Worcester, ed. R. R. Darlington & P. McGurk, trans. J. Bray & P. McGurk, 2–3; OMT (1995–) [vol. 1 forthcoming]