- C. A. McGladdery
Keith family (per.c. 1300–c. 1530), nobility, may have taken its surname from the lands of Keith in eastern Lothian. From the end of the twelfth century its members held the hereditary office of marischal of Scotland, which entailed responsibility for the service and victualling arrangements in the king's hall. Some judicial function seems also to have fallen to the marischal, whose court dispensed immediate justice during wartime, and he shared some ceremonial duties with the constable, including the organization of tournaments and trial by battle....