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Budd, Richardlocked

  • G. T. Bettany
  • , revised by Caroline Overy

Budd, Richard (1746–1821), physician, was born in Newbury, Berkshire, where his father, Richard Budd, was a banker. He matriculated at Balliol College, Oxford, in 1764, and afterwards at Jesus College, Cambridge; he graduated MB in 1770 and MD in 1775. After practising for some years in Newbury he moved to London, in 1780, and in the same year he was appointed physician to St Bartholomew's Hospital, an office which he held until his retirement in 1801. In 1771 Budd was elected a fellow of the College of Physicians, in which he attained considerable official status; he was censor six times between 1780 and 1798, Goulstonian lecturer and Harveian orator in 1781, treasurer from March 1799 to April 1814, and elect from December 1797 to July 1818. For a while, Budd was physician to Christ's Hospital, where under his influence potatoes were introduced as part of the boys' diet. He lived at Chatham Place, Blackfriars, where two maids in his service became famous: Emma Hamilton was a nursemaid for a time, and the celebrated actress Mrs Powell had been employed as a housemaid.

Budd did not exert himself greatly in private practice, having married Mary Stabler (d. 1837), the daughter of a wealthy merchant. One of their sons, the Revd Henry Budd, became well known as the chaplain of Bridewell and a leading evangelical clergyman. The chaplaincy was secured by his father's indefatigable canvassing. Budd is described as a man of strong will, impetuosity, and of great social influence. He died at Battersea Rise, Clapham, on 2 September 1821, and was buried at Speen, near Newbury.



  • W. Daniell, etching, pubd 1812 (after G. Dance, 1798), BM, NPG, Wellcome L.
J. Foster, ed., , 4 vols. (1887–8), later edn (1891); , 4 vols. (1891–2); 8 vol. repr. (1968) and (2000)
J. Venn & J. A. Venn, , 2 pts in 10 vols. (1922–54); repr. in 2 vols. (1974–8)
W. Munk, , 2 vols. (1861) 2nd edn, 3 vols. (1878)