Jones, (Patrick) Lloyd
- Matthew Lee
Jones, (Patrick) Lloyd (1811–1886), socialist, was born at Bandon, co. Cork, on 17 March 1811. He moved in 1827 to Manchester, where he followed his father's trade and became secretary to the journeyman's union of fustian cutters. Influenced by E. T. Craig, he joined the Salford Co-operative Society in 1829, ran its free school until 1831, and was an Owenite missionary, lecturer, and propagandist between 1838 and 1844; he took the oath to become a dissenting minister in 1841. He dropped the name Patrick in 1837 to dissociate himself from his Roman Catholic father. On 19 June of the same year he married Mary Dring (1816/17–1886) at St Mary's Church, Prestwich.
A forceful and persuasive public speaker, Lloyd Jones persuaded Manchester Chartists to oppose the threatened ‘sacred month's’ strike of 1839. A moral-force Chartist himself, he visited Paris in 1848 with William Lovett and in 1849 launched the short-lived Chartist-radical National Reform League with Bronterre O'Brien and George Reynolds.
Jones joined the communitarian Leeds Redemption Society in 1846 and became director of its flour mill. He then established a business as a master tailor on Oxford Street, London, in 1847, and the following year joined the Owenite League of Social Progress. In 1850 he gave evidence before R. A. Slaney's committee on working-class savings and joined the Christian socialists, managing their London co-operative stores. He subsequently undertook several lecture tours, taught at the working men's college, and founded the Co-operative Industrial and Commercial Union. Having attended the Christian socialists' conferences in 1853 and 1854, he helped organize the inaugural annual Co-operative Congress, in 1869, and presided at the seventeenth, at Oldham in 1885. He was also a member of the inaugural central board of the Co-operative Union.
A prolific journalist, Jones wrote on co-operation, unionism, social politics, and industrial subjects in the Spirit of the Age (1848), Spirit of the Times (1849), Glasgow Sentinel (1850–63), North British Daily Mail (1859–65), London Reader (1863), Industrial Partnerships Record (1867–9), Bee-Hive and Industrial Review (1871–8), Co-operative News (1870s–80s), Newcastle Daily and Weekly Chronicles (1876–86), and Miner's Watchman and Labour Sentinel (1878). Following his management of the Leeds Mechanics' Institute (1855–6), he established the Leeds Times in 1857, assisted by Lord Goderich and W. E. Forster.
A member of the trades union committee deputed to help the Preston strikers in 1855, Jones subsequently worked to reform the labour laws and in 1867 co-wrote The Progress of the Working Classes with John Ludlow. In 1869 he became the first secretary of the Labour Representation League and in 1871 joined the first parliamentary committee of the Trades Union Congress. From 1874 he was frequently appointed arbitrator in trades union disputes, particularly in mining districts. Standing as an independent miners' representative for the constituency of Chester-le-Street in Durham in the 1885 general election, he was defeated by the Liberal candidate.
Jones died of cancer at his home, 14 St Michael's Road, Stockwell, London, on 22 May 1886, nine days before his wife, who was then sixty-nine years old. He was predeceased by his eldest son, Lloyd (1838–1877), but was survived by two sons, William Cairns (1846–1936) and Malcolm Ludlow (1862–1938), and two daughters, Mary Jane (c.1839–1915) and Kate (1860–1953). Lloyd Jones was buried at Norwood cemetery in south London, as were his wife and three of their children. His Life, Times and Labours of Robert Owen (1889) was published posthumously.
- Co-operative News (29 May 1886)
- The Spectator (29 May 1886)
- Newcastle Weekly Chronicle (29 May 1886)
- Newcastle Weekly Chronicle (5 June 1886)
- J. Bellamy, J. Osburn, and J. Saville, ‘Jones, (Patrick) Lloyd’, DLB, vol. 1
- J. D. Osburn, ‘Jones, Patrick Lloyd’, BDMBR, vol. 2
- G. J. Holyoake, Sixty years of an agitator’s life, 3rd edn, 2 vols. (1893)
- New Moral World (1834–45)
- Christian Socialist (1850–52)
- The Co-operator (1860–71)
- Co-operative News (1871–86)
- CGPLA Eng. & Wales (1886)
- Life and letters of George Jacob Holyoake, ed. J. McCabe, 2 (1908), 58
- parish register, Prestwich, St Mary's
- private information (2009) [M. Morse]
- Co-operative Union, Holyoake House, Manchester, G. J. Holyoake collection
- Co-operative Union, Holyoake House, Manchester, Robert Owen collection
- CUL, J. M. Ludlow MSS
- Newcastle Central Library, Joseph Cowen MSS
Wealth at Death
£238: administration, 1886, CGPLA Eng. & Wales