Harvey, Sir John
- J. K. Laughton
- , revised by Roger Morriss
Harvey, Sir John (1772–1837), naval officer, was the second son of Captain John Harvey RN (1740–1794) and his wife, Judith, daughter of Henry Wise of Sandwich. Sir Edward Harvey was his younger brother. After serving as midshipman of the frigate Rose with his uncle, Sir Henry Harvey, he was promoted lieutenant on 3 November 1790; on 5 September 1794 to command the sloop Actif in the West Indies; and on 16 December to be post captain, as a tribute to the memory of his father. In January 1795 he was chosen by his uncle as his flag-captain in the Prince of Wales (98 guns), in which he was present in the action off Lorient, in the operations on the coast of Brittany in the following winter, and in the West Indies, including the capture of Trinidad, when he was sent home with dispatches. He afterwards commanded the Southampton (32 guns) and the Amphitrite in the West Indies and off Cadiz; the Agamemnon (64 guns) in Robert Calder's action off Cape Finisterre; the Canada (74 guns) in the West Indies; and the Leviathan (74 guns) and Royal Sovereign (110 guns) in the Mediterranean. He became rear-admiral on 4 December 1813. From 1816 to 1819 he was commander-in-chief in the West Indies; he was made vice-admiral on 27 May 1825, KCB on 6 June 1833, and admiral on 10 January 1837. He married in 1797 his first cousin, daughter of William Wyborn Bradley of Sandwich; they had one daughter. He died at Upper Deal, Kent, on 17 February 1837.
- J. Marshall, Royal naval biography, 1/2 (1823), 613–14
- GM, 2nd ser., 7 (1837), 436
- A. B. Rodger, The war of the second coalition: 1798–1801, a strategic commentary (1964)
- R. Muir, Britain and the defeat of Napoleon, 1807–1815 (1996)