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Ughtred, Sir Anthony (d. 1534), soldier, was the third son of Sir Robert Ughtred (d. 1487) and Katherine, daughter of Sir William Eure of Stokesley, Yorkshire. Based in Yorkshire, the lineage of the Ughtreds extended back to the early thirteenth century; it was, however, Sir Thomas Ughtred, summoned to the House of Lords in April 1344, who assured their place as one of the leading families in the area. Anthony Ughtred served both Henry VII and Henry VIII as a soldier and military administrator. He took part in Edward Poynings's campaign to subdue Ulster, leading a troop of twenty-seven soldiers in 1496. Knighted at Eltham in 1512, he participated in Edmund Howard's naval expedition to Brittany in August 1512 and as captain of the Mary James distinguished himself in the raid on Brest. He accompanied King Henry to France in July 1513 and was appointed marshal of Tournai after the city's fall in September, at which post he remained until February 1515.

For the next seventeen years Ughtred served as captain of Berwick. Few appointments were more challenging. As the most northerly of England's garrison towns Berwick played a key role in the defence of the Anglo-Scottish border. In 1522 and 1523 the duke of Albany's threatened invasions of England both centred on Berwick, and on the former occasion Albany's force, which included twenty-four pieces of artillery, came within 18 miles of the town. Responsible for organizing Berwick's defences, Ughtred was also entrusted with intelligence gathering and played a key role in the frequent negotiations that took place between the two countries. In August 1532 he exchanged one outpost for another, replacing Sir Hugh Vaughan at the Château de Mont-Orgueil as captain and governor of Jersey, a position he held until his death. At an unknown date he married Elizabeth Seymour, sister to Jane, Henry VIII's third wife, with whom he had at least one son, Henry, born in Jersey. Ughtred died in Jersey on 6 October 1534 and was buried in the chapel of St George, Château de Mont-Orgueil. His wife survived him.

Luke MacMahon

Sources  

LP Henry VIII · S. G. Ellis, Tudor frontiers and noble power: the making of the British state (1995) · J. Gairdner, ed., Letters and papers illustrative of the reigns of Richard III and Henry VII, 2 vols., Rolls Series, 24 (1861–3) · GEC, Peerage · S. de Carteret, Chroniques des Îles de Jersey, Guernesey, Auregny et Serk (1832)