Bayntun, Sir Henry William (17661840), naval officer, son of the consul-general at Algiers, entered the navy at an early age, and was made a lieutenant on 15 April 1783. He served at the capture of Martinique in March 1794, and was promoted by Sir John Jervis to the command of the sloop Avenger. After the capture of Guadeloupe he was appointed captain of the frigate Undaunted on 4 May 1794. With only one brief intermission, in 1796, he continued in the West Indies during the next ten years of active war and the short peace. On his return to England he was appointed to command the Leviathan (74 guns), and was sent to the Mediterranean to join Nelson, then blockading Toulon. He took part in the pursuit of the French fleet to the West Indies and back, and at Trafalgar, where the Leviathan was closely engaged with, among others, the French flagship Bucentaur, the Santissima Trinidad, and the St Augustin (74 guns). At Nelson's funeral in January 1806 Bayntun bore the guidon in the water procession from the Royal Naval Hospital, Greenwich. In June 1807 he was present with the squadron under Rear-Admiral Murray which was sent to Buenos Aires to co-operate with the army, until compelled to re-embark. On 23 August 1809 he married Sophia Mayhew at Stoke Damerel, Devon. In the same year he commanded the Milford (74 guns), and in 1811 was appointed to the command of the yacht Royal Sovereign. He had no further active service, and became rear-admiral on 12 August 1812, vice-admiral on 19 July 1821, and admiral on 10 January 1837. On 2 January 1815 he was made KCB and on 25 October 1839 GCB. He died on 17 December 1840. Bayntun was a protégé of St Vincent and a companion of Nelson; there could be no higher commendation.
J. K. Laughton, rev. Andrew Lambert
J. S. Corbett, The campaign of Trafalgar (1910) · M. Duffy, Soldiers, sugar, and sea power: the British expeditions to the West Indies and the war against revolutionary France (1987) · Letters of … the earl of St Vincent, whilst the first lord of the admiralty, 18011804, ed. D. B. Smith, 2 vols., Navy RS, 55, 61 (19227) · J. Marshall, Royal naval biography, 1 (1823), 5435
Beds. & Luton ARS
NMM | Som. ARS, Hippisley MSS
oils, c.1835, NMM · W. Beechey, oils, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge