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Astor [née Langhorne], Nancy Witcher, Viscountess Astor (1879–1964), society hostess and politician, was born at Danville, Virginia, on 19 May 1879, the eighth child in a family of eleven. Her father, Chiswell Dabney Langhorne (1843–1919), a veteran of the American Civil War, had made his fortune in railway construction and bought an estate at ...

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Beach, Michael Edward Hicks, first Earl St Aldwyn (1837–1916), politician, was born on 23 October 1837, in Portugal Street, Grosvenor Square, London. He was the elder son of Sir Michael Hicks Beach, eighth baronet (d. 1854), and his wife, Harriett Vittoria, second daughter of ...

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Bentley Boys (act. 1919–1931), racing drivers, were a team of motoring enthusiasts who achieved remarkable fame as drivers on the racetrack and as playboys off the track during the 1920s. They attained the climax of their collective career between 1927 and 1930 when they won four consecutive victories in the 24 hour race at ...

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Eccles, David McAdam, first Viscount Eccles (1904–1999), businessman and politician, was born on 18 September 1904 at 124 Harley Street, London, the third of four sons and the fourth of five children of William McAdam Eccles (1867–1946), surgeon, and his wife, Anna Coralie Anstie (1870–1930)...

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Fisher, William Hayes, Baron Downham (1853–1920), politician, was born on 18 March 1853 at Downham rectory, Littleport, in the Isle of Ely, the eldest son of the Revd Frederick Fisher (1816–1884), rector of Downham, and his wife, Mary, daughter of William Hayes, a senior conveyancing counsel to the ...

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Guinness [née Onslow], Gwendolen Florence Mary, countess of Iveagh (1881–1966), politician, was born at 7 Richmond Terrace, Whitehall, London, on 22 July 1881, the elder daughter of William Hillier Onslow, fourth earl of Onslow (1853–1911), and his wife, the Hon. Florence Coulston Gardner (1853–1934)...

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Head, Alice Maud (1886–1981), journalist and businesswoman, was born on 3 May 1886 at 138 High Street, Notting Hill, London, the younger daughter of Frank Dearden Head, a builder, and his wife, Ada Cove, a schoolteacher. After attending school in Acton she was sent to the ...

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Horsbrugh, Florence Gertrude, Baroness Horsbrugh (1889–1969), politician, was born at 2 Grosvenor Street, Edinburgh, on 13 October 1889, the daughter of Henry Moncrieff Horsbrugh, a chartered accountant, and his wife, Mary Harriet Stark Christie. She was educated at Lansdowne House, Edinburgh, and at ...

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Howe, Francis Richard Henry Penn Curzon, fifth Earl Howe (1884–1964), politician and motorist, was born at Penn, Buckinghamshire, on 1 May 1884, the only son of Richard George Penn Curzon Howe, fourth Earl Howe (1861–1929), MP for the High Wycombe division of Buckinghamshire...

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Lewcock [née Ellis], Constance Mary [Connie] (1894–1980), suffragette and socialist, was born at 7 West Street, Horncastle, Lincolnshire, on 11 April 1894, the only child of Thomas Henry Ellis (d. 1898), who owned a draper's shop in the town, and his wife, ...