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Astor [née Langhorne], Nancy Witcher, Viscountess Astor (1879–1964), society hostess and politician, was born at Danville, Virginia, on 19 May 1879, the eighth child in a family of eleven. Her father, Chiswell Dabney Langhorne (1843–1919), a veteran of the American Civil War, had made his fortune in railway construction and bought an estate at ...

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Beach, Michael Edward Hicks, first Earl St Aldwyn (1837–1916), politician, was born on 23 October 1837, in Portugal Street, Grosvenor Square, London. He was the elder son of Sir Michael Hicks Beach, eighth baronet (d. 1854), and his wife, Harriett Vittoria, second daughter of ...

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Bentley Boys (act. 1919–1931), racing drivers, were a team of motoring enthusiasts who achieved remarkable fame as drivers on the racetrack and as playboys off the track during the 1920s. They attained the climax of their collective career between 1927 and 1930 when they won four consecutive victories in the 24 hour race at ...

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Eccles, David McAdam, first Viscount Eccles (1904–1999), businessman and politician, was born on 18 September 1904 at 124 Harley Street, London, the third of four sons and the fourth of five children of William McAdam Eccles (1867–1946), surgeon, and his wife, Anna Coralie Anstie (1870–1930)...

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Fisher, William Hayes, Baron Downham (1853–1920), politician, was born on 18 March 1853 at Downham rectory, Littleport, in the Isle of Ely, the eldest son of the Revd Frederick Fisher (1816–1884), rector of Downham, and his wife, Mary, daughter of William Hayes, a senior conveyancing counsel to the ...

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Guinness [née Onslow], Gwendolen Florence Mary, countess of Iveagh (1881–1966), politician, was born at 7 Richmond Terrace, Whitehall, London, on 22 July 1881, the elder daughter of William Hillier Onslow, fourth earl of Onslow (1853–1911), and his wife, the Hon. Florence Coulston Gardner (1853–1934)...

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Head, Alice Maud (1886–1981), journalist and businesswoman, was born on 3 May 1886 at 138 High Street, Notting Hill, London, the younger daughter of Frank Dearden Head, a builder, and his wife, Ada Cove, a schoolteacher. After attending school in Acton she was sent to the ...

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Horsbrugh, Florence Gertrude, Baroness Horsbrugh (1889–1969), politician, was born at 2 Grosvenor Street, Edinburgh, on 13 October 1889, the daughter of Henry Moncrieff Horsbrugh, a chartered accountant, and his wife, Mary Harriet Stark Christie. She was educated at Lansdowne House, Edinburgh, and at ...

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Howe, Francis Richard Henry Penn Curzon, fifth Earl Howe (1884–1964), politician and motorist, was born at Penn, Buckinghamshire, on 1 May 1884, the only son of Richard George Penn Curzon Howe, fourth Earl Howe (1861–1929), MP for the High Wycombe division of Buckinghamshire...

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Lewcock [née Ellis], Constance Mary [Connie] (1894–1980), suffragette and socialist, was born at 7 West Street, Horncastle, Lincolnshire, on 11 April 1894, the only child of Thomas Henry Ellis (d. 1898), who owned a draper's shop in the town, and his wife, ...

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Monckton, Walter Turner, first Viscount Monckton of Brenchley (1891–1965), lawyer and politician, was born on 17 January 1891 at Plaxtol in Kent, the eldest child of Frank William Monckton (1861–1924), a paper manufacturer, and his wife, Dora Constance (d. 1915), a daughter of ...

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Palmer, (Beatrix) Maud [née Lady (Beatrix) Maud Gascoyne-Cecil], countess of Selborne (1858–1950), suffragist and political wife, was born on 11 April 1858 at 9 Park Crescent, Marylebone, London, the eldest of the five sons and three daughters of Lord Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, later ...

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Pickford, Mary Ada (1884–1934), politician, was born in Liverpool, the second of two daughters of William Pickford, Baron Sterndale (1848–1923), later master of the rolls (1919–23), and his wife, Alice Mary Brooke, who died in 1884, shortly after Mary's birth. After attending Wycombe Abbey School...

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Pott, Gladys Sydney (1867–1961), anti-suffragist and civil servant, was the only daughter of the Venerable Alfred Pott (1822–1908), archdeacon of Berkshire, and his wife, Emily Harriet, née Gibbs (d. 1903). She had a private education and never married. One acquaintance, Helen Moyes...

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Runciman [née Stevenson], Hilda, Viscountess Runciman of Doxford (1869–1956), politician, was born at 64 Wellington Terrace, Westoe, co. Durham, on 28 September 1869, the fifth daughter of James Cochran Stevenson (1825–1905), a chemicals manufacturer and member of parliament for South Shields, and his wife, ...

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Runciman, Walter, first Viscount Runciman of Doxford (1870–1949), politician, was born at South Shields on 19 November 1870, the only child of Walter (later Baron) Runciman (1847–1937), shipowner, and his wife, Anne Margaret Lawson (d. 1933). He was educated privately and then at ...

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Slaney, William Slaney Kenyon- (1847–1908), soldier and politician, was born on 24 August 1847 at Rajkot in India. He was the eldest son of William Kenyon, then a captain in the 2nd Bombay cavalry, and Frances Catherine, the daughter and heir of Robert A. Slaney...

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Tate [née Hogg; other married name Gott], Mavis Constance (1893–1947), politician and feminist, was born Maybird Constance on 17 August 1893, the daughter (there was also a son) of Guy Weir Hogg (1861–1943), sheriff of St Helena and managing director of Solomon, Hogg & Co....

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Wolff, Sir Henry Drummond Charles (1830–1908), diplomatist and politician, was born on 12 October 1830 in Malta, the only son of the Revd Joseph Wolff (1795–1862), a missionary, and his wife, Lady Georgiana Mary (d. 1859), daughter of Horatio Walpole, seventh earl of Orford...