General Abbreviations

AB bachelor of arts
act. active
A$ Australian dollar
AD anno domini
AFC Air Force Cross
AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome
A-level advanced level [examination]
AM master of arts
AMICE associate member of the Institution of Civil Engineers
ANZAC Australian and New Zealand Army Corps
appx pl. appxs appendix(es)
ARA associate of the Royal Academy
ARCA associate of the Royal College of Art
ARCM associate of the Royal College of Music
ARCO associate of the Royal College of Organists
ARIBA associate of the Royal Institute of British Architects
ARP air-raid precautions
ARSA associate of the Royal Scottish Academy
art. article / item
ASC Army Service Corps
ATS Auxiliary Territorial Service
ATV Associated Television
Aug August
b. born
BA bachelor of arts
BA (Admin) bachelor of arts (administration)
BAFTA British Academy of Film and Television Arts
BAO bachelor of arts in obstetrics
bap. baptized
BBC British Broadcasting Corporation / Company
BC before Christ
BCE before the common (or Christian) era
BCE bachelor of civil engineering
BCG bacillus of Calmette and Guérin [inoculation against tuberculosis]
BCh bachelor of surgery
BChir bachelor of surgery
BCL bachelor of civil law
BCnL bachelor of canon law
BCom bachelor of commerce
BD bachelor of divinity
BEd bachelor of education
BEng bachelor of engineering
bk pl. bks book(s)
BL bachelor of law / letters / literature
BLitt bachelor of letters
BM bachelor of medicine
BMus bachelor of music
BP British Petroleum
Bros. Brothers
BS (1) bachelor of science; (2) bachelor of surgery; (3) British standard
BSc bachelor of science
BSc (Econ) bachelor of science (economics)
BSc (Eng) bachelor of science (engineering)
bt baronet
BTh bachelor of theology
bur. buried
C. command [identifier for published parliamentary papers]
c.. circa
c. capitulum pl. capitula: chapter(s)
cap. capitulum pl. capitula: chapter(s)
CB companion of the Bath
CBE commander of the Order of the British Empire
CBS Columbia Broadcasting System
cc cubic centimetres
CD compact disc
Cd command [identifier for published parliamentary papers]
cent. century
cf. compare
CH Companion of Honour
chap. chapter
ChB bachelor of surgery
CI Imperial Order of the Crown of India
CIA Central Intelligence Agency
CID Criminal Investigation Department
CIE companion of the Order of the Indian Empire
Cie Compagnie
CLit companion of literature
CM master of surgery
cm centimetre(s)
Cmd command [identifier for published parliamentary papers]
CMG companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
Cmnd command [identifier for published parliamentary papers]
Co. company
co. county
col. pl. cols. column(s)
CSE certificate of secondary education
CSI companion of the Order of the Star of India
CVO commander of the Royal Victorian Order
cwt hundredweight
$ (American) dollar
d. (1) penny (pence); (2) died
DBE dame commander of the Order of the British Empire
DCh doctor of surgery
DCL doctor of civil law
DCnL doctor of canon law
DCVO dame commander of the Royal Victorian Order
DD doctor of divinity
Dec December
dem. demolished
DEng doctor of engineering
des. destroyed
DFC Distinguished Flying Cross
diss. dissertation
DL deputy lieutenant
DLitt doctor of letters
DM (1) Deutschmark; (2) doctor of medicine; (3) doctor of musical arts
DMus doctor of music
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
doc. document
DOL doctor of oriental learning
DPH diploma in public health
DPhil doctor of philosophy
DSC Distinguished Service Cross
DSc doctor of science
DSc (Econ) doctor of science (economics)
DSc (Eng) doctor of science (engineering)
DSM Distinguished Service Medal
DSO companion of the Distinguished Service Order
DSocSc doctor of social science
DTech doctor of technology
DTh doctor of theology
DU doctor of the university
DUniv doctor of the university
EC European Community
ed. pl. eds. edited / edited by / editor(s)
edn edition
EEC European Economic Community
EFTA European Free Trade Association
EMI Electrical and Musical Industries (Ltd)
Eng. English
enl. enlarged
ENSA Entertainments National Service Association
ep. pl. epp. epistola(e)
esp. especially
esq. esquire
est. estimate / estimated
EU European Union
ex sold by (lit. out of)
excl. excludes / excluding
exh. exhibited
exh. cat. exhibition catalogue
f. pl. ff. following [pages]
FA Football Association
facs. facsimile
FANY First Aid Nursing Yeomanry
FBA fellow of the British Academy
FBI Federation of British Industries
FCS fellow of the Chemical Society
Feb February
FEng fellow of the Fellowship of Engineering
FGS fellow of the Geological Society
fig. figure
FIMechE fellow of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers
fl. floruit
FLS fellow of the Linnean Society
FM frequency modulation
fol. pl. fols. folio(s)
Fr. French
FRAeS fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society
FRAM fellow of the Royal Academy of Music
FRAS (1) fellow of the Royal Asiatic Society; (2) fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society
FRCM fellow of the Royal College of Music
FRCO fellow of the Royal College of Organists
FRCOG fellow of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
FRCPath fellow of the Royal College of Pathologists
FRCPsych fellow of the Royal College of Psychiatrists
FRCS fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons
FRGS fellow of the Royal Geographical Society
FRIBA fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects
FRS fellow of the Royal Society
FRSA fellow of the Royal Society of Arts
FRSE fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
FRSL fellow of the Royal Society of Literature
FSA fellow of the Society of Antiquaries
ft foot pl. feet
GBE knight or dame grand cross of the Order of the British Empire
GCB knight grand cross of the Order of the Bath
GCE general certificate of education
GCH knight grand cross of the Royal Guelphic Order
GCHQ government communications headquarters
GCIE knight grand commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
GCMG knight or dame grand cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
GCSE general certificate of secondary education
GCSI knight grand commander of the Order of the Star of India
GCStJ bailiff or dame grand cross of the order of St John of Jerusalem
GCVO knight or dame grand cross of the Royal Victorian Order
GEC General Electric Company
Ger. German
GMT Greenwich mean time
GP general practitioner
GSO general staff officer
Heb. Hebrew
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HK$ Hong Kong dollar
HM his / her majesty('s)
HMAS his / her majesty's Australian ship
HMNZS his / her majesty's New Zealand ship
HMS his / her majesty's ship
HMSO His / Her Majesty's Stationery Office
HMV His Master's Voice
Hon. Honourable
hp horsepower
hr hour(s)
ibid. ibidem: in the same place
ICI Imperial Chemical Industries (Ltd)
illus. illustration
illustr. illustrated
in. inch(es)
Inc. Incorporated
incl. includes / including
IOU I owe you
IQ intelligence quotient
Ir£ Irish pound
IRA Irish Republican Army
It. Italian
ITA Independent Television Authority
ITV Independent Television
Jan January
JP justice of the peace
jun. junior
KB knight of the Order of the Bath
KBE knight commander of the Order of the British Empire
KC king's counsel
kcal kilocalorie
KCB knight commander of the Order of the Bath
KCH knight commander of the Royal Guelphic Order
KCIE knight commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
KCMG knight commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
KCSI knight commander of the Order of the Star of India
KCVO knight commander of the Royal Victorian Order
keV kilo-electron-volt
KG knight of the Order of the Garter
KGB [Soviet committee of state security]
KH knight of the Royal Guelphic Order
KLM Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij (Royal Dutch Air Lines)
km kilometre(s)
KP knight of the Order of St Patrick
KT knight of the Order of the Thistle
kt knight
£ pound(s) sterling
£E Egyptian pound
L lira pl. lire
l. pl. ll. line(s)
Lat. Latin
lb pound(s) unit of weight
LDS licence in dental surgery
lit. literally
LittB bachelor of letters
LittD doctor of letters
LLA lady literate in arts
LLB bachelor of laws
LLD doctor of laws
LLM master of laws
LP long-playing record
LRAM licentiate of the Royal Academy of Music
LRCP licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians
LRCPS (Glasgow) licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow
LRCS licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeons
LSA licentiate of the Society of Apothecaries
LSD lysergic acid diethylamide
LVO lieutenant of the Royal Victorian Order
M. Monsieur
m metre(s)
m. pl. mm. membrane(s)
MA master of arts
MB bachelor of medicine
MBA master of business administration
MBE member of the Order of the British Empire
MC Military Cross
MCC Marylebone Cricket Club
MCh master of surgery
MChir master of surgery
MCom master of commerce
MD doc tor of medicine
MDMA methylenedioxymethamphetamine
MEd master of education
MEng master of engineering
MEP member of the European parliament
MG Morris Garages
MGM Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Mgr Monsignor
MI5 military intelligence department later Security Service
MI6 Secret Intelligence Service
MICE member of the Institution of Civil Engineers
min. minute(s)
ML (1) licentiate of medicine; (2) master of laws
MLitt master of letters
Mlle Mademoiselle
mm millimetre(s)
Mme Madame
MP member of parliament
m.p.h. miles per hour
MPhil master of philosophy
MRCP member of the Royal College of Physicians
MRCS member of the Royal College of Surgeons
MRCVS member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons
MS master of science
MS pl. MSS manuscript(s)
MSc master of science
MSc (Econ) master of science (economics)
MusB bachelor of music
MusBac bachelor of music
MusD doctor of music
MV motor vessel
MVO member of the Royal Victorian Order
n. pl. nn. note(s)
NAAFI Navy Army and Air Force Institutes
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NBC National Broadcasting Corporation
NCO non-commissioned officer
n.d. no date
NHS National Health Service
NKVD [Soviet people's commissariat for internal affairs]
nm nanometre(s)
no. pl. nos. number(s)
Nov November
n.p. no place [of publication]
NS new style
OBE officer of the Order of the British Empire
obit. obituary
Oct October
OECD Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
OEEC Organization for European Economic Co-operation
OFM order of Friars Minor [Franciscans]
O-level ordinary level [examination]
OM Order of Merit
OP order of Preachers [Dominicans]
op. pl. opp. opus pl. opera
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
orig. original
OS old style
OSB Order of St Benedict
Oxon. Oxoniensis
p. pl. pp. page(s)
p.a. per annum
para. paragraph
pbk pl. pbks paperback(s)
per. [during the] period
PhD doctor of philosophy
pl. (1) plate(s); (2) plural
priv. coll. private collection
pt pl. pts part(s)
pubd published
PVC polyvinyl chloride
q. pl. qq. (1) question(s); (2) quire(s)
QC queen's counsel
R rand
R. rex / regina
r recto
r. reigned / ruled
RA Royal Academy / Royal Academician
RAC Royal Automobile Club
RAF Royal Air Force
RAM [member of the] Royal Academy of Music
RAMC Royal Army Medical Corps
RCA Royal College of Art
RDI royal designer for industry
RE Royal Engineers
repr. pl. reprs. reprint(s) / reprinted
repro. reproduced
rev. revised / revised by / reviser / revision
Revd Reverend
RHA Royal Horse Artillery
RI Royal Institute of Painters in Water-Colours
RIBA Royal Institute of British Architects
RIN Royal Indian Navy
RM Reichsmark
RMS Royal Mail steamer
RN Royal Navy
RNA ribonucleic acid
RNAS Royal Naval Air Service
RNR Royal Naval Reserve
RNVR Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve
RO Record Office
r.p.m. revolutions per minute
RRS royal research ship
Rs rupees
RSA (1) Royal Scottish Academician; (2) Royal Society of Arts
RSPCA Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
Rt Hon. Right Honourable
Rt Revd Right Reverend
RUC Royal Ulster Constabulary
Russ. Russian
S4C Sianel Pedwar Cymru
s. shilling(s)
s.a. sub anno: under the year
SAS Special Air Service
ScD doctor of science
sec. second(s)
sel. selected
sen. senior
Sept September
ser. series
SHAPE supreme headquarters allied powers Europe
sig. pl. sigs. signature(s)
sing. singular
SIS Secret Intelligence Service
SJ Society of Jesus
Span. Spanish
SPCK Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge
SS (1) Santissimi; (2) Schutzstaffel; (3) steam ship
STB bachelor of theology
STD doctor of theology
STM master of theology
STP doctor of theology
supp. supposedly
suppl. pl. suppls. supplement(s)
s.v. sub verbo B445/ sub voce: under the word / heading
SY steam yacht
TA Territorial Army
TASS [Soviet news agency]
TB tuberculosis (lit. tubercle bacillus)
TD (1) teachtaí dála (member of the Dáil); (2) territorial decoration
TNT trinitrotoluene
trans. translated / translated by / translation / translator
TT tourist trophy
TUC Trades Union Congress
U-boat Unterseeboot: submarine
UN United Nations
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNICEF United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund
unpubd unpublished
USS United States ship
v verso
v. versus
VAD Voluntary Aid Detachment
VC Victoria Cross
VE-day victory in Europe day
Ven. Venerable
VJ-day victory over Japan day
vol. pl. vols. volume(s)
WAAC Women's Auxiliary Army Corps
WAAF Women's Auxiliary Air Force
WEA Workers' Educational Association
WHO World Health Organization
WRAF Women's Royal Air Force
WRNS Women's Royal Naval Service
WVS Women's Voluntary Service
YMCA Young Men's Christian Association
YWCA Young Women's Christian Association
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Institutions

All Souls Oxf.All Souls College, Oxford
AM Oxf.Ashmolean Museum, Oxford
AM Oxf., Heberden coin roomAshmolean Museum, Heberden coin room, Oxford
Balliol Oxf.Balliol College, Oxford
BBC WACBBC Written Archives Centre, Reading
Beds. & Luton ARSBedfordshire and Luton Archives and Record Service, Bedford
Berks. ROBerkshire RO, Reading
BFIBritish Film Institute, London
BFINABritish Film Institute, London, National Archive
BGSBritish Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottinghamshire
BLBritish Library, London
BL, music collectionsBritish Library, music collections, London
BL NSABritish Library, National Sound Archive
BL NSA, BBC sound archiveBritish Library, National Sound Archive, BBC sound archive
BL OIOCBritish Library, Oriental and India Office Collections
BLPESBritish Library of Political and Economic Science
BMBritish Museum, London
BM, department of coins and medalsBritish Museum, department of coins and medals, London
BM, department of Greek and Roman antiquitiesBritish Museum, department of Greek and Roman antiquities, London
BM, department of medieval and modern EuropeBritish Museum, department of medieval and modern Europe, London
BM, department of prints and drawingsBritish Museum, department of prints and drawings, London
Bodl. Oxf.Bodleian Library, Oxford
Bodl. Oxf., Department of Oriental CollectionsBodleian Library, Department of Oriental Collections, Oxford
Bodl. Oxf., Indian InstituteBodleian Library, Indian Institute, Oxford
Bodl. Oxf., Radcliffe Science LibraryBodleian Library, Radcliffe Science Library, Oxford
Bodl. RHBodleian Library of Commonwealth and African Studies at Rhodes House, Oxford
Borth. Inst.Borthwick Institute of Historical Research, University of York
Boston PLBoston Public Library, Massachusetts
Bristol ROBristol Record Office
CBSCentre for Buckinghamshire Studies, Aylesbury
CAC Cam.Churchill College, Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge
Cambs. ASCambridgeshire Archive Service
Cambs. AS, CambridgeCambridgeshire Archive Service, Cambridge
Cambs. AS, HuntingdonCambridgeshire Archive Service, Huntingdon
CCC Cam.Corpus Christi College, Cambridge
CCC Oxf.Corpus Christi College, Oxford
Ches. & Chester ALSSCheshire and Chester Archives and Local Studies Service
Christ Church Oxf.Christ Church, Oxford
ChristiesChristies, London
City Westm. ACCity of Westminster Archives Centre, London
CKSCentre for Kentish Studies, Maidstone, Kent
CLROCorporation of London Records Office
Coll. ArmsCollege of Arms, London
Col. U.Columbia University, New York
Col. U., Butler LibraryColumbia University, Butler Library, New York
Col. U., Diamond Law LibraryColumbia University, Diamond Law Library, New York
Col. U., Oral History Research OfficeColumbia University, Oral History Research Office, New York
Cornwall ROCornwall Record Office, Truro
Courtauld Inst.Courtauld Institute of Art, London
Courtauld Inst., Conway LibraryCourtauld Institute of Art, Conway Library, London
Courtauld Inst., Witt LibraryCourtauld Institute of Art, Witt Library, London
CULCambridge University Library
CUL, department of manuscripts and university archivesCambridge University Library, department of manuscripts and university archives
CUL, university medical libraryCambridge University Library, university medical library
Cumbria ASCumbria Archive Service
Cumbria AS, BarrowCumbria Archive Service, Barrow
Cumbria AS, CarlisleCumbria Archive Service, Carlisle
Cumbria AS, KendalCumbria Archive Service, Kendal
Cumbria AS, WhitehavenCumbria Archive Service, Whitehaven
Derbys. RODerbyshire Record Office, Matlock
Devon RODevon Record Office, Exeter
Dorset RODorset Record Office, Dorchester
Duke U.Duke University, Durham, North Carolina
Duke U., Perkins L.Duke University, William R. Perkins Library, Durham, North Carolina
Durham Cath. CLDurham Cathedral, chapter library
Durham RODurham Record Office
DWLDr Williams's Library, London
DWL, Congregational LibraryDr Williams's Library, Congregational Library
Essex ROEssex Record Office
Essex RO, ChelmsfordEssex Record Office, Chelmsford
Essex RO, ColchesterEssex Record Office, Colchester
Essex RO, SouthendEssex Record Office, Southend
E. Sussex ROEast Sussex Record Office, Lewes
EtonEton College, Berkshire
FM Cam.Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge
FolgerFolger Shakespeare Library, Washington, DC
Garr. ClubGarrick Club, London
Girton Cam.Girton College, Cambridge
GLGuildhall Library, London
GL, manuscripts sectionGuildhall Library, manuscripts section, London
Glos. ROGloucestershire Record Office, Gloucester
Gon. & Caius Cam.Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge
Gov. Art Coll.Government Art Collection
GS Lond.Geological Society of London
Hants. ROHampshire Record Office, Winchester
Harris Man. Oxf.Harris Manchester College, Oxford
Harvard TCHarvard theatre collection, Harvard University, Nathan Marsh Pusey Library, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Harvard U.Harvard University
Harvard U., Baker LibraryHarvard University, Baker Library
Harvard U., Houghton L.Harvard University, Houghton Library
Harvard U., law schoolHarvard University, law school
Harvard U., Widener LibraryHarvard University, Widener Library
Herefs. ROHerefordshire Record Office, Hereford
Herts. ALSHertfordshire Archives and Local Studies, Hertford
Hist. Soc. Penn.Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Hult. Arch.Hulton|Archive, Getty Images, London
Hunt. L.Huntington Library, San Marino, California
ICLImperial College, London
Inst. CEInstitution of Civil Engineers, London
Inst. ETInstitution of Engineering and Technology [formerly Institution of Electrical Engineers], London
IWMImperial War Museum, London
IWM, department of artImperial War Museum, department of art, London
IWM FVAImperial War Museum, Film and Video Archive
IWM SAImperial War Museum, Sound Archive, London
JRLJohn Rylands University Library of Manchester
JRL, Methodist Archives and Research CentreJohn Rylands University Library of Manchester, Methodist Archives and Research Centre
King's AC Cam.King's College Archive Centre, Cambridge
King's Cam.King's College, Cambridge
King's Cam., Rowe Music LibraryKing's College, Rowe Music Library, Cambridge
King's Lond.King's College, London
King's Lond., Liddell Hart C.King's College, Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, London
Lancs. ROLancashire Record Office, Preston
L. Cong.Library of Congress, Washington, DC
L. Cong., manuscript divisionLibrary of Congress, manuscript division, Washington, DC
Leics. ROLeicestershire, Leicester, and Rutland Record Office, Leicester
Library of BirminghamLibrary of Birmingham
Library of BirminghamLibrary of Birmingham, Birmingham City Archives
Lincs. Arch.Lincolnshire Archives, Lincoln
Linn. Soc.Linnean Society of London
LMALondon Metropolitan Archives
LPLLambeth Palace London
Lpool ROLiverpool Record Office and Local Studies Service
LULLondon University Library
Magd. Cam.Magdalene College, Cambridge
Magd. Cam., Pepys LibraryMagdalene College, Pepys Library, Cambridge
Magd. Oxf.Magdalen College, Oxford
Man. City Gall.Manchester City Galleries
Man. CLManchester Central Library
Man. CL, Arts LibraryManchester Central Library, Arts Library
Man. CL, Manchester Archives and Local StudiesManchester Central Library, Manchester Archives and Local Studies
Mass. Hist. Soc.Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston
Merton Oxf.Merton College, Oxford
MHS Oxf.Museum of the History of Science, Oxford
Mitchell L., Glas.Mitchell Library, Glasgow
Mitchell L., Glas., Glasgow City ArchivesMitchell Library, Glasgow City Archives, Glasgow
Mitchell L., NSWState Library of New South Wales, Mitchell Library, Sydney
Morgan L.Pierpont Morgan Library, New York
NA CanadaNational Archives of Canada, Ottawa
NA Ire.National Archives of Ireland, Dublin
NAMNational Army Museum
NAM, department of archivesNational Army Museum, department of archives
NA Scot.National Archives of Scotland, Edinburgh
News Int. RONews International Record Office, London
NG Ire.National Gallery of Ireland
NG Scot.National Gallery of Scotland
NHMNatural History Museum, London
NHM, archivesNatural History Museum, London, archives
NHM, botany libraryNatural History Museum, London, botany library
NHM, department of botanyNatural History Museum, London, department of botany
NHM, department of entomologyNatural History Museum, London, department of entomology
NHM, department of zoologyNatural History Museum, London, department of zoology
NHM, earth sciences libraryNatural History Museum, London, earth sciences library
NHM, entomology libraryNatural History Museum, London, entomology library
NHM, general and zoology libraryNatural History Museum, London, general and zoology library
NL Aus.National Library of Australia
NL Ire.National Library of Ireland, Dublin
NL Ire., department of manuscriptsNational Library of Ireland, department of manuscripts, Dublin
NL NZNational Library of New Zealand, Wellington
NL NZ, Turnbull L.National Library of New Zealand, Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington
NL Scot.National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh
NL WalesNational Library of Wales, Aberystwyth
NMG WalesNational Museum and Gallery of Wales, Cardiff
NMMNational Maritime Museum, London
Norfolk RONorfolk Record Office, Norwich
Northants. RONorthamptonshire Record Office, Northampton
Northumbd RONorthumberland Record Office
Northumbd RO, MorpethNorthumberland Record Office, Morpeth
Northumbd RO, Newcastle upon TyneNorthumberland Record Office, Newcastle upon Tyne
Notts. Arch.Nottinghamshire Archives, Nottingham
NPGNational Portrait Gallery, London
NPG, Heinz Archive and LibraryNational Portrait Gallery, Heinz Archive and Library
NRAHistorical Manuscripts Commission, National Register of Archives
NRA, priv. coll.National Register of Archives, private collection
Nuffield Oxf.Nuffield College, Oxford
N. Yorks. CRONorth Yorkshire County Record Office, Northallerton
NYPLNew York Public Library
NYPL, Humanities and Social Sciences LibraryNew York Public Library, Humanities and Social Sciences Library
NYPL for the Performing ArtsNew York Public Library, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
NYPL, Schomburg Center for Research in Black CultureNew York Public Library, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
Oxf. UAOxford University Archives, Oxford
Oxf. U. Mus. NHOxford University Museum of Natural History
Oxf. U. Mus. NH, Hope and Arkell LibrariesOxford University Museum of Natural History, Hope and Arkell Libraries, Oxford
Oxon. ROOxfordshire Record Office, Oxford
Parl. Arch.Parliamentary Archives of the United Kingdom
Pembroke Cam.Pembroke College, Cambridge
priv. coll.private collection
PRONIPublic Record Office of Northern Ireland, Belfast
Pusey Oxf.Pusey House, Oxford
RARoyal Academy of Arts, London
Ransom HRCHarry Ransom Humanities Research Center, University of Texas
RASRoyal Astronomical Society, London
RBG KewRoyal Botanic Gardens, Kew
RCP Lond.Royal College of Physicians of London
RCS Eng.Royal College of Surgeons of England
RGSRoyal Geographical Society, London
RIBARoyal Institute of British Architects, London
RIBA BALRoyal Institute of British Architects, British Architectural Library, London
Royal Arch.Royal Archives, Windsor Castle, Berkshire [with gracious permission of her majesty the queen]
Royal Irish Acad.Royal Irish Academy, Dublin
Royal Scot. Acad.Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh
RSRoyal Society, London
RSARoyal Society of Arts, London
RS Friends, Lond.Religious Society of Friends, London
St Ant. Oxf.St Antony's College, Oxford
St Ant. Oxf., Middle East CentreSt Antony's College, Middle East Centre, Oxford
St John Cam.St John's College, Cambridge
S. Antiquaries, Lond.Society of Antiquaries of London
Sci. Mus.Science Museum, London
Scot. NPGScottish National Portrait Gallery, Edinburgh
Scott Polar RIUniversity of Cambridge, Scott Polar Research Institute
SCRANScottish Cultural Resources Access Network
Sheff. Arch.Sheffield Archives
Shrops. RRCShropshire Records and Research Centre, Shrewsbury
SOASSchool of Oriental and African Studies, London
Som. ARSSomerset Archive and Record Service, Taunton
Staffs. ROStaffordshire Record Office, Stafford
Suffolk ROSuffolk Record Office
Suffolk RO, Bury St EdmundsSuffolk Record Office, Bury St Edmunds
Suffolk RO, IpswichSuffolk Record Office, Ipswich
Suffolk RO, LowestoftSuffolk Record Office, Lowestoft
Surrey HCSurrey History Centre, Woking
TCDTrinity College, Dublin
TNA: PRONational Archives of the United Kingdom, Public Record Office, London
Trinity Cam.Trinity College, Cambridge
U. AberdeenUniversity of Aberdeen
U. Aberdeen, King's CollegeUniversity of Aberdeen, King's College
U. Aberdeen L.University of Aberdeen Library
U. Aberdeen L., special libraries and archivesUniversity of Aberdeen Library, special libraries and archives
U. Birm.University of Birmingham
U. Birm., Lapworth Museum of GeologyUniversity of Birmingham, Lapworth Museum of Geology
U. Birm. L.University of Birmingham Library
U. Birm. L., special collections departmentUniversity of Birmingham Library, special collections department
U. Cal.University of California
U. Cal., Santa Barbara, Arts LibraryUniversity of California, Arts Library, Santa Barbara
U. Cal., BerkeleyUniversity of California, Berkeley
U. Cal., Berkeley, Bancroft LibraryUniversity of California, Bancroft Library, Berkeley
U. Cal., Los Angeles, Department of Special CollectionsUniversity of California, Department of Special Collections, Los Angeles
U. Cal., IrvineUniversity of California, Irvine
U. Cal., Los AngelesUniversity of California, Los Angeles
U. Cal., San Diego, Scripps Institution of OceanographyUniversity of California, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, San Diego
U. Cal., Los Angeles, William Andrews Clark Memorial LibraryUniversity of California, William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, Los Angeles
U. Cam.University of Cambridge
U. Cam., Centre for Family ResearchUniversity of Cambridge, Centre for Family Research
U. Cam., Centre of South Asian StudiesUniversity of Cambridge, Centre of South Asian Studies
U. Cam., department of earth sciencesUniversity of Cambridge, department of earth sciences
U. Cam., department of geographyUniversity of Cambridge, department of geography
U. Cam., department of plant sciencesUniversity of Cambridge, department of plant sciences
U. Cam., department of social anthropologyUniversity of Cambridge, department of social anthropology
U. Cam., faculty of historyUniversity of Cambridge, faculty of history
U. Cam., Museum of Classical ArchaeologyUniversity of Cambridge, Museum of Classical Archaeology
U. Cam., Museum of ZoologyUniversity of Cambridge, Museum of Zoology
UCLUniversity College, London
UCL, department of geological sciencesUniversity College, department of geological sciences, London
UCL, department of medicineUniversity College, department of medicine, London
UCL, Huguenot LibraryUniversity College, Huguenot Library, London
UCL, Petrie Museum of Egyptian ArchaeologyUniversity College, Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, London
U. DurhamUniversity of Durham
U. Durham L.University of Durham Library
U. Durham L., archives and special collectionsUniversity of Durham Library, archives and special collections
U. Durham L., department of palaeography and diplomaticUniversity of Durham Library, department of palaeography and diplomatic
U. Durham, School of EducationUniversity of Durham, School of Education
U. Edin.University of Edinburgh
U. Edin., Collection of Historic Musical InstrumentsUniversity of Edinburgh, Collection of Historic Musical Instruments
U. Edin., department of geographyUniversity of Edinburgh, department of geography
U. Edin., department of theoretical and applied linguisticsUniversity of Edinburgh, department of theoretical and applied linguistics
U. Edin., New Coll.University of Edinburgh, New College
U. Edin., New Coll. L.University of Edinburgh, New College Library
U. Edin. L.University of Edinburgh Library
U. Edin. L., special collections divisionUniversity of Edinburgh Library, special collections division
U. Glas.University of Glasgow
U. Glas., Archives and Business Records CentreUniversity of Glasgow, Archives and Business Records Centre
U. Glas., department of historyUniversity of Glasgow, department of history
U. Glas. L.University of Glasgow Library
U. Glas. L., special collections departmentUniversity of Glasgow Library, special collections department
U. Glas., Wellcome Unit for the History of MedicineUniversity of Glasgow, Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine
U. HullUniversity of Hull
U. Hull, Brynmor Jones L.University of Hull, Brynmor Jones Library
U. LeedsUniversity of Leeds
U. Leeds, Brotherton L.University of Leeds, Brotherton Library
U. Leeds, central records officeUniversity of Leeds, central records office
U. Leeds LibraryUniversity of Leeds Library
U. Leeds, school of medicineUniversity of Leeds, school of medicine
U. Lond.University of London
U. Lond., Institute of Classical StudiesUniversity of London, Institute of Classical Studies
U. Lond., Institute of EducationUniversity of London, Institute of Education
U. Lond., Institute of Historical ResearchUniversity of London, Institute of Historical Research
U. Lond., Institute of Historical Research, Centre for Metropolitan HistoryUniversity of London, Institute of Historical Research, Centre for Metropolitan History
U. Lond., Senate HouseUniversity of London, Senate House
U. LpoolUniversity of Liverpool
U. Lpool L.University of Liverpool Library
U. Lpool L., special collections and archivesUniversity of Liverpool Library, special collections and archives
U. Mich.University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
U. Mich., Clements L.University of Michigan, William L. Clements Library, Ann Arbor
U. NewcastleUniversity of Newcastle upon Tyne
U. Newcastle, Robinson L.University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Robinson Library
U. Nott.University of Nottingham
U. Nott. L.University of Nottingham Library
U. Nott. L., department of manuscripts and special collectionsUniversity of Nottingham Library, department of manuscripts and special collections
U. Nott. L., Hallward LibraryUniversity of Nottingham Library, Hallward Library
U. Oxf.University of Oxford
U. Oxf., Clarendon LaboratoryUniversity of Oxford, Clarendon Laboratory
U. Oxf., department of plant sciencesUniversity of Oxford, department of plant sciences
U. Oxf., department of zoologyUniversity of Oxford, department of zoology
U. Oxf., Edward Grey Institute of Field OrnithologyUniversity of Oxford, Edward Grey Institute of Field Ornithology
U. Oxf., Griffith InstituteUniversity of Oxford, Griffith Institute
U. Oxf., Institute of Social and Cultural AnthropologyUniversity of Oxford, Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology
U. Oxf., Taylor InstitutionUniversity of Oxford, Taylor Institution
U. ReadingUniversity of Reading
U. Reading L.University of Reading Library
U. Reading L., special collectionsUniversity of Reading Library, special collections
U. Reading, Rural History CentreUniversity of Reading, Rural History Centre
U. St Andr.University of St Andrews
U. St Andr. L.University of St Andrews Library
U. St Andr. L., special collections departmentUniversity of St Andrews Library, special collections department
U. SouthamptonUniversity of Southampton
U. Southampton L.University of Southampton Library
U. Southampton, Hartley LibraryUniversity of Southampton, Hartley Library
U. SussexUniversity of Sussex, Brighton
U. TexasUniversity of Texas, Austin
U. WalesUniversity of Wales
U. Wales, AberystwythUniversity of Wales, Aberystwyth
U. Wales, BangorUniversity of Wales, Bangor
U. Wales, Bangor, Welsh LibraryUniversity of Wales, Welsh Library, Bangor
U. Wales, CardiffUniversity of Wales, Cardiff
U. Wales, Cardiff, Tom Hopkinson Centre for Media ResearchUniversity of Wales, Tom Hopkinson Centre for Media Research, Cardiff
U. Wales, LampeterUniversity of Wales, Lampeter
U. Wales, South Wales Miners' LibraryUniversity of Wales, South Wales Miners' Library
U. Wales, SwanseaUniversity of Wales, Swansea
U. Warwick Mod. RCUniversity of Warwick, Modern Records Centre, Coventry
V&AVictoria and Albert Museum, London
V&A, ceramics and glass departmentVictoria and Albert Museum, ceramics and glass department, London
V&A, department of furniture and woodworkVictoria and Albert Museum, department of furniture and woodwork, London
V&A, department of prints and drawingsVictoria and Albert Museum, department of prints and drawings, London
V&A NALVictoria and Albert Museum National Art Library, London
V&A NAL, Forster LibraryVictoria and Albert Museum National Art Library, Forster Library, London
Warks. CROWarwickshire County Record Office, Warwick
Wellcome L.Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine, London
Westm. DAWestminster Diocesan Archives, London
Wilts. & Swindon HCWiltshire and Swindon History Centre, Chippenham
Worcs. ROWorcestershire Record Office, Worcester
W. Sussex ROWest Sussex Record Office, Chichester
W. Yorks. ASWest Yorkshire Archive Service
W. Yorks. AS, BradfordWest Yorkshire Archive Service, Bradford
W. Yorks. AS, CalderdaleWest Yorkshire Archive Service, Calderdale
W. Yorks. AS, KirkleesWest Yorkshire Archive Service, Kirklees
W. Yorks. AS, LeedsWest Yorkshire Archive Service, Leeds
W. Yorks. AS, Leeds, Yorkshire Archaeological SocietyWest Yorkshire Archive Service, Yorkshire Archaeological Society, Leeds
W. Yorks. AS, WakefieldWest Yorkshire Archive Service, Wakefield
Yale U.Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
Yale U. Art GalleryYale University Art Gallery
Yale U., Beinecke L.Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Yale U., divinity schoolYale University, divinity school
Yale U., law schoolYale University, law school
Yale U., Lewis Walpole LibraryFarmingtonYale University, Lewis Walpole Library, Farmington
Yale U., school of dramaYale University, school of drama
Yale U., Sterling Memorial LibraryYale University, Sterling Memorial Library
Yale U., Yale Center for Parliamentary HistoryYale University, Yale Center for Parliamentary History
Yale U. CBAYale University, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, Connecticut
[ top ]

Bibliographic

Adams, DramaW. D. Adams, A dictionary of the drama, 1: A–G (1904); 2: H–Z (1956) [vol. 2 microfilm only]
AFMJ. O’Donovan, ed. and trans., Annala rioghachta Eireann / Annals of the kingdom of Ireland by the four masters, 7 vols. (1848–51); 2nd edn (1856); 3rd edn (1990)
Allibone, Dict.S. A. Allibone, A critical dictionary of English literature and British and American authors, 3 vols. (1859–71); suppl. by J. F. Kirk, 2 vols. (1891)
ANBJ. A. Garraty and M. C. Carnes, eds., American national biography, 24 vols. (1999)
Anderson, Scot. nat.W. Anderson, The Scottish nation, or, The surnames, families, literature, honours, and biographical history of the people of Scotland, 3 vols. (1859–63)
Ann. mon.H. R. Luard, ed., Annales monastici, 5 vols., RS, 36 (1864–9)
Ann. UlsterS. Mac Airt and G. Mac Niocaill, eds., Annals of Ulster (to AD 1131) (1983)
APCActs of the privy council of England, new ser., 46 vols. (1890–1964)
APSThe acts of the parliaments of Scotland, 12 vols. in 13 (1814–75)
Arber, Regs. StationersE. Arber, ed., A transcript of the registers of the Company of Stationers of London, 1554–1640 AD, 5 vols. (1875–94)
ArchRArchitectural Review
ASCD. Whitelock, D. C. Douglas, and S. I. Tucker, eds. and trans., The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: a revised translation (1961)
AS chart.P. H. Sawyer, Anglo-Saxon charters: an annotated list and bibliography, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks (1968)
AusDBD. Pike and others, eds., Australian dictionary of biography, 16 vols. (1966–2002)
Baker, SerjeantsJ. H. Baker, The order of serjeants at law; SeldS, suppl. ser., 5 (1984)
Bale, Cat.J. Bale, Scriptorum illustrium Maioris Brytanniae, quam nunc Angliam et Scotiam vocant: catalogus, 2 vols. in 1 (Basel, 1557–9); facs. edn (1971)
Bale, IndexJ. Bale, Index Britanniae scriptorum, ed. R. L. Poole and M. Bateson (1902); facs. edn (1990)
bap. reg. Scot.General Register Office for ScotlandEdinburghold parish records, births and baptisms
BBCSBulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies
b. cert.birth certificate
BDMBRJ. O. Baylen and N. J. Gossman, eds., Biographical dictionary of modern British radicals, 3 vols. in 4 (1979–88)
Bede, Hist. eccl.Bede's Ecclesiastical history of the English people, ed. and trans. B. Colgrave and R. A. B. Mynors, OMT (1969); repr. (1991)
Bénézit, Dict.E. Bénézit, Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs, 3 vols. (Paris, 1911–23); new edn, 8 vols. (1948–66), repr. (1966); 3rd edn., rev. and enl., 10 vols. (1976); 4th edn, 14 vols. (1999)
BIHRBulletin of the Institute of Historical Research
Birch, SealsW. de Birch, Catalogue of seals in the department of manuscripts in the British Museum, 6 vols. (1887–1900)
Bishop Burnet's HistoryBishop Burnet's History of his own time, ed. M. J. Routh, 2nd edn, 6 vols. (1833)
BlackwoodBlackwood's [Edinburgh] Magazine
Blain, Clements & Grundy, Feminist comp.V. Blain, P. Clements, and I. Grundy, eds., The feminist companion to literature in English (1990)
BL cat.The British Library general catalogue of printed books [in 360 vols. with suppls., also CD-ROM and online]
BMJBritish Medical Journal
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Boase, Mod. Eng. biog.F. Boase, Modern English biography: containing many thousand concise memoirs of persons who have died since the year 1850, 6 vols. (privately printed, Truro, 1892–1921); repr. (1965)
Boswell, LifeBoswell's Life of Johnson: together with Journal of a tour to the Hebrides and Johnson's Diary of a journey into north Wales, ed. G. B. Hill, rev. L. F. Powell, 6 vols. (1934–50); 2nd edn (1964); repr. (1971)
Brown & Stratton, Brit. mus.J. D. Brown and S. S. Stratton, British musical biography (1897)
Bryan, PaintersM. Bryan, A biographical and critical dictionary of painters and engravers, 2 vols. (1816); new edn, ed. G. Stanley (1849); repr. new edn, ed. R. E. Graves and W. Armstrong, 2 vols. (1886–9); [4th edn], ed. G. C. Williamson, 5 vols. (1903–5) [various reprs.]
Burke, Gen. GBJ. Burke, A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, 4 vols. (1833–8); new edn as A genealogical and heraldic dictionary of the landed gentry of Great Britain and Ireland, 3 vols. [1843–9] [many later edns]
Burke, Gen. Ire.J. Burke, A genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry of Ireland (1899); 2nd edn (1904); 3rd edn (1912); 4th edn (1958); 5th edn as Burke's Irish family records (1976)
Burke, PeerageJ. Burke, A general [later edns A genealogical] and heraldic dictionary of the peerage and baronetage of the United Kingdom [later edns the British empire] (1829–)
Burney, Hist. mus.C. Burney, A general history of music, from the earliest ages to the present period, 4 vols. (1776–89)
bur. reg. Scot.General Register Office for ScotlandEdinburghold parish records, deaths and burials
Burtchaell & Sadleir, Alum. Dubl.G. D. Burtchaell and T. U. Sadleir, eds., Alumni Dublinenses: a register of the students, graduates, and provosts of Trinity College (1924); [2nd edn], with suppl., in 2 pts (1935)
Calamy rev.A. G. Matthews, Calamy revised (1934); repr. (1988)
CCICalendar of confirmations and inventories granted and given up in the several commissariots of Scotland (1876–)
CClRCalendar of the close rolls preserved in the Public Record Office, 47 vols. (1892–1963)
CDSJ. Bain, ed., Calendar of documents relating to Scotland, 4 vols., PRO (1881–8); suppl. vol. 5, ed. G. G. Simpson and J. D. Galbraith [1986]
CEPR lettersW. H. Bliss, C. Johnson, and J. Twemlow, eds., Calendar of entries in the papal registers relating to Great Britain and Ireland: papal letters (1893–)
CGPLA ÉireCalendars of the grants of probate … made in … HM court of probate [Éire]
CGPLA Eng. & WalesCalendars of the grants of probate … made in … HM court of probate [England and Wales]
CGPLA Ire.Calendars of the grants of probate … made in … HM court of probate [Ireland]
CGPLA NIre.Calendars of the grants of probate … made in … HM court of probate [Northern Ireland]
Chambers, Scots.R. Chambers, ed., A biographical dictionary of eminent Scotsmen (1832–5) [1st edn; many edns to 1875]
Chancery recordsChancery records (Public Record Office)
Chancery records (RC)Chancery records (Record Commission)
CIPMCalendar of inquisitions post mortem, [20 vols.], PRO (1904–); also Henry VII, 3 vols. (1898–1955)
Clarendon, Hist. rebellionE. Hyde, earl of Clarendon, The history of the rebellion and civil wars in England, 6 vols. (1888); repr. (1958); repr. (1992)
Cobbett, Parl. hist.W. Cobbett and J. Wright, eds., Cobbett's parliamentary history of England, 36 vols. (1806–20)
Colvin, Archs.H. M. Colvin, A biographical dictionary of British architects, 1600–1840, 3rd edn (1995)
Cooper, Ath. Cantab.C. H. Cooper and T. Cooper, Athenae Cantabrigienses, 3 vols. (1858–1913); repr. (1967)
CPRCalendar of the patent rolls preserved in the Public Record Office (1891–)
CrockfordCrockford's Clerical Directory
CSCamden Society
CSPCalendar of state papers
CSP col.W. N. Sainsbury and others, eds., Calendar of state papers, colonial series … preserved in the … Public Record Office, [45 vols.] (1860–1994); repr., vols. 1–40 (1964); addenda, 1688–1699 (1969); K. O. Kupperman, J. C. Appleby, and M. Banton, eds., Calendar of state papers, colonial: North America and the West Indies, 1574–l739 (2000) [also available as CD-ROM, incl. extra material]
CSP dom.Calendar of state papers: domestic series
CSP dom.: CommonwealthM. A. Green, ed., Calendar of state papers, domestic series [of the Commonwealth] … preserved in the state paper department of her majesty's Public Record Office, 13 vols. (1875–86); repr. (1965)
CSP for.W. B. Turnbull and others, eds., Calendar of state papers, foreign series (1861–1950)
CSP Ire.H. C. Hamilton and others, eds., Calendar of the state papers relating to Ireland, 24 vols., PRO (1860–1910)
CSP MilanA. B. Hinds, ed., Calendar of state papers and manuscripts existing in the archives and collections of Milan (1912)
CSP RomeJ. M. Rigg, ed., Calendar of state papers, relating to English affairs, preserved principally at Rome in the Vatican archives and library: Elizabeth, 2 vols. (1916–26)
CSP Scot.J. Bain, W. K. Boyd, and others, eds., Calendar of the state papers relating to Scotland and Mary, queen of Scots, 1547–1603, 13 vols. in 14 (1898–1969)
CSP Scot. ser.M. J. Thorpe, ed., Calendar of the state papers, relating to Scotland, preserved in the state paper department of Her Majesty's Public Record Office, 2 vols. (1858)
CSP SpainG. A. Bergenroth, P. De Gayangos, and others, eds., Calendar of letters, despatches, and state papers, relating to the negotiations between England and Spain, 13 vols., PRO (1862–1954); M. A. S. Hume, ed., Calendar of letters and state papers, relating to English affairs, preserved in the archives of Simancas, 4 vols., PRO (1892–9); repr. (1971)
CSP VeniceR. Brown, H. F. Brown, and A. B. Hinds, eds., Calendar of state papers and manuscripts relating to English affairs, existing in the archives and collections of Venice and in other libraries of northern Italy (1864–1947)
CYSCanterbury and York Society
DABDictionary of American biography, 21 vols. (1928–37), repr. in 11 vols. (1964); 10 suppls. (1944–96)
DBBD. J. Jeremy, ed., Dictionary of business biography, 5 vols. (1984–6)
DCBG. W. Brown and others, eds., Dictionary of Canadian biography, [14 vols.] (1966–)
d. cert.death certificate
Debrett's PeerageDebrett's Peerage (1803–) [sometimes Debrett's Illustrated peerage]
Desmond, BotanistsR. Desmond, Dictionary of British and Irish botanists and horticulturists (1977); rev. edn (1994)
DIBDictionary of Irish biography, 9 vols. (2009)
Dir. Brit. archs.A. Felstead, J. Franklin, and L. Pinfield, eds., Directory of British architects, 1834–1900 (1993); 2nd edn, ed. A. Brodie and others, 2 vols. (2001)
DLBJ. M. Bellamy and J. Saville, eds., Dictionary of labour biography (1972–93)
DLitBDictionary of Literary Biography
DNBDictionary of national biography, 63 vols. (1885–1900), suppl., 3 vols. (1901); repr. in 22 vols. (1908–9); 10 further suppls. (1912–96); Missing persons (1993)
DNZBW. H. Oliver and C. Orange, eds., The dictionary of New Zealand biography, 5 vols. (1990–2000)
DSABW. J. de Kock and others, eds., Dictionary of South African biography, 5 vols. (1968–87)
DSBC. C. Gillispie and F. L. Holmes, eds., Dictionary of scientific biography, 16 vols. (1970–80); repr. in 8 vols. (1981); 2 vol. suppl. (1990)
DSBBA. Slaven and S. Checkland, eds., Dictionary of Scottish business biography, 1860–1960, 2 vols. (1986–90)
DSCHTN. M. de S. Cameron and others, eds., Dictionary of Scottish church history and theology (1993)
Dugdale, MonasticonW. Dugdale and R. Dodsworth, eds., Monasticon Anglicanum, 3 vols. (1655–72); 2nd edn, 3 vols. (1661–82); new edn, ed. J. Caley, J. Ellis, and B. Bandinel, 6 vols. in 8 pts (1817–30); repr. (1846) and (1970)
DWBJ. E. Lloyd and others, eds., The dictionary of Welsh biography down to 1940 (1959) [Eng. trans. of Y bywgraffiadur Cymreig hyd 1940, 2nd edn (1954)]; R. T. Jenkins, E. D. Jones, and B. F. Roberts, eds., Dictionary of Welsh biography, 1941–1970 (2001) [with suppl. to 1940]
EdinREdinburgh Review, or, Critical Journal
EETSEarly English Text Society
EHSEnglish Historical Society
Emden, Cam.A. B. Emden, A biographical register of the University of Cambridge (1963)
Emden, Oxf.A. B. Emden, A biographical register of the University of Oxford to AD 1500, 3 vols. (1957–9); also A biographical register of the University of Oxford, AD 1501 to 1540 (1974)
EngHREnglish Historical Review
Engraved Brit. ports.F. M. O'Donoghue and H. M. Hake, Catalogue of engraved British portraits preserved in the department of prints and drawings in the British Museum, 6 vols. (1908–25)
ERThe English reports, 178 vols. (1900–32)
ESTCEnglish short title catalogue, 1475–1800 [CD-ROM and online]
Evelyn, DiaryThe diary of John Evelyn, ed. E. S. De Beer, 6 vols. (1955); repr. (2000)
Farington, DiaryThe diary of Joseph Farington, ed. K. Garlick, A. Macintyre, K. Cave, and E. Newby, 17 vols. (1978–98)
Fasti Angl. (Hardy)J. Le Neve, Fasti ecclesiae Anglicanae, ed. T. D. Hardy, 3 vols. (1854)
Fasti Angl., 1066–1300[J. Le Neve], Fasti ecclesiae Anglicanae, ed. D. E. Greenaway and J. S. Barrow, [8 vols] (1968–)
Fasti Angl., 1300–1541[J. Le Neve], Fasti ecclesiae Anglicanae, ed. H. P. F. King, J. M. Horn, and B. Jones, 12 vols. (1962–7)
Fasti Angl., 1541–1857[J. Le Neve], Fasti ecclesiae Anglicanae, ed. J. M. Horn, D. M. Smith, and D. S. Bailey, [9 vols.] (1969–)
Fasti Scot.H. Scott, Fasti ecclesiae Scoticanae, 3 vols. in 6 (1871); new edn [11 vols.] (1915–)
FO ListForeign Office List
Fortescue, Brit. armyJ. W. Fortescue, A history of the British army, 13 vols. (1899–1930)
Foss, JudgesE. Foss, The judges of England, 9 vols. (1848–64); repr. (1966)
Foster, Alum. Oxon.J. Foster, ed., Alumni Oxonienses: the members of the University of Oxford, 1715–1886, 4 vols. (1887–8), later edn (1891); Alumni Oxonienses … 1500–1714, 4 vols. (1891–2); 8 vol. repr. (1968) and (2000)
Fuller, WorthiesT. Fuller, The history of the worthies of England, 4 pts (1662); new edn, 2 vols., ed. J. Nichols (1811); new edn, 3 vols., ed. P. A. Nuttall (1840), repr. (1965)
GEC, BaronetageG. E. Cokayne, Complete baronetage, 6 vols. (1900–09)
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Genest, Eng. stageJ. Genest, Some account of the English stage from the Restoration in 1660 to 1830, 10 vols. (1832); repr. (New York, [1965])
Gillow, Lit. biog. hist.J. Gillow, ed., A literary and biographical history or bibliographical dictionary of the English Catholics, from the breach with Rome, in 1534, to the present time, 5 vols. (1885–1902)
Gir. Camb. operaGiraldi Cambrensis opera, ed. J. S. Brewer, J. F. Dimock, and G. F. Warner, 8 vols., RS, 21 (1861–91)
GJGeographical Journal
Gladstone, DiariesThe Gladstone diaries: with cabinet minutes and prime-ministerial correspondence, ed. M. R. D. Foot and H. C. G. Matthew, 14 vols. (1968–94)
GMGentleman's Magazine
Graves, ArtistsA. Graves, A dictionary of artists who have exhibited works in the principal London exhibitions of oil paintings from 1760 to 1880 (1884); new edn (1895); 3rd edn (1901), facsimile edn (1969), repr. [1970], (1973), and (1984)
Graves, Brit. Inst.A. Graves, The British Institution, 1806–1867: a complete dictionary of contributors and their work from the foundation of the Institution (1875); facs. edn (1908); repr. (1969)
Graves, RA exhibitorsA. Graves, The Royal Academy of Arts: a complete dictionary of contributors and their work from its foundation in 1769 to 1904, 8 vols. (1905–6), (1970), (1972)
Graves, Soc. ArtistsA. Graves, The Society of Artists of Great Britain, 1760–1791, the Free Society of Artists, 1761–1783: a complete dictionary (1907); facs. edn (1969)
Greaves & Zaller, BDBRR. L. Greaves and R. Zaller, eds., Biographical dictionary of British radicals in the seventeenth century, 3 vols. (1982–4)
Grove, Dict. mus.G. Grove, ed., A dictionary of music and musicians, 5 vols. (1878–90); 2nd edn, ed. J. A. Fuller Maitland (1904–10); 3rd edn, ed. H. C. Colles (1927); 4th edn. with suppl. (1940); 5th edn., ed. E. Blom, 9 vols. (1954), suppl. (1961)
Hall, Dramatic ports.L. A. Hall, Catalogue of dramatic portraits in the theatre collection of the Harvard College Library, 4 vols. (1930–34)
HansardHansard's Parliamentary debates, ser. 1–5 (1803–)
Hansard 1Hansard's Parliamentary debates, 1st ser. (1803–20)
Hansard 2Hansard's Parliamentary debates, 2nd ser. (1820–30)
Hansard 3Hansard's Parliamentary debates, 3rd ser. (1830–91)
Hansard 4Hansard's Parliamentary debates, 4th ser. (1892–1908)
Hansard 5CParliamentary debates, Commons, 5th ser. (1909–)
Hansard 5LParliamentary debates, House of Lords, 5th ser. (1909–)
HBSHenry Bradshaw Society
Highfill, Burnim & Langhans, BDAP. H. Highfill, K. A. Burnim, and E. A. Langhans, A biographical dictionary of actors, actresses, musicians, dancers, managers, and other stage personnel in London, 1660–1800, 16 vols. (1973–93)
Hist. U. Oxf.T. H. Aston, ed., The history of the University of Oxford, 8 vols. (1984–2000) [1: The early Oxford schools, ed. J. I. Catto (1984); 2: Late medieval Oxford, ed. J. I. Catto and R. Evans (1992); 3: The collegiate university, ed. J. McConica (1986); 4: Seventeenth-century Oxford, ed. N. Tyacke (1997); 5: The eighteenth century, ed. L. S. Sutherland and L. G. Mitchell (1986); 6–7: Nineteenth-century Oxford, ed. M. G. Brock and M. C. Curthoys (1997–2000); 8: The twentieth century, ed. B. Harrison (2000)]
Hist. U. Oxf. 1: Early Oxf. schoolsT. H. Aston, ed., The history of the University of Oxford, 1: The early Oxford schools, ed. J. I. Catto and R. Evans (1984)
Hist. U. Oxf. 2: Late med. Oxf.T. H. Aston, ed., The history of the University of Oxford, 2: Late medieval Oxford, ed. J. I. Catto and R. Evans (1992)
Hist. U. Oxf. 3: Colleg. univ.T. H. Aston, ed., The history of the University of Oxford, 3: The collegiate university, ed. J. McConica (1986)
Hist. U. Oxf. 4: 17th-cent. Oxf.T. H. Aston, ed., The history of the University of Oxford, 4: Seventeenth-century Oxford, ed. N. Tyacke (1997)
Hist. U. Oxf. 5: 18th-cent. Oxf.T. H. Aston, ed., The history of the University of Oxford, 5: The eighteenth century, ed. L. S. Sutherland and L. G. Mitchell (1986)
Hist. U. Oxf. 6: 19th-cent. Oxf. pt 1T. H. Aston, ed., The history of the University of Oxford, 6: Nineteenth-century Oxford, ed. M. G. Brock and M. C. Curthoys (1997), pt 1
Hist. U. Oxf. 7: 19th-cent. Oxf. pt 2T. H. Aston, ed., The history of the University of Oxford, 7: Nineteenth-century Oxford, ed. M. G. Brock and M. C. Curthoys (2000), pt 2
Hist. U. Oxf. 8: 20th cent.T. H. Aston, ed., The history of the University of Oxford, 8: The twentieth-century, ed. B. Harrison (2000)
HJHistorical Journal
HMCHistorical Manuscripts Commission
Holdsworth, Eng. lawW. S. Holdsworth, A history of English law, ed. A. L. Goodhart and H. G. Hanbury, 17 vols. (1903–72)
HoP, CommonsThe history of parliament: the House of Commons
HoP, Commons, 1386–1421J. S. Roskell, L. Clark, and C. Rawcliffe, eds., The history of parliament: the House of Commons, 1386–1421, 4 vols. (1992)
HoP, Commons, 1422–1504The history of parliament: the House of Commons, 1422–1504 [forthcoming]
HoP, Commons, 1509–58S. T. Bindoff, ed., The history of parliament: the House of Commons, 1509–1558, 3 vols. (1982)
HoP, Commons, 1558–1603P. W. Hasler, ed., The history of parliament: the House of Commons, 1558–1603, 3 vols. (1981)
HoP, Commons, 1604–29J. P. Ferris and A. Thrush, eds., The history of parliament: the House of Commons, 1604–1629, 6 vols. (2010)
HoP, Commons, 1640–60The history of parliament: the House of Commons, 1640–1660 [forthcoming]
HoP, Commons, 1660–90B. D. Henning, ed., The history of parliament: the House of Commons, 1660–1690, 3 vols. (1983)
HoP, Commons, 1690–1715D. W. Hayton, E. Cruickshanks, and S. Handley, eds., The history of parliament: the House of Commons, 1690–1715, 5 vols. (2002)
HoP, Commons, 1715–54R. Sedgwick, ed., The history of parliament: the House of Commons, 1715–1754, 2 vols. (1970)
HoP, Commons, 1754–90L. Namier and J. Brooke, eds., The history of parliament: the House of Commons, 1754–1790, 3 vols. (1964); repr. (1985)
HoP, Commons, 1790–1820R. G. Thorne, ed., The history of parliament: the House of Commons, 1790–1820, 5 vols. (1986)
HoP, Commons, 1820–32D. R. Fisher, ed., The history of parliament: the House of Commons, 1820–1832, 7 vols. (2009)
IGIInternational Genealogical Index, Church of Jesus Christ of the Latterday Saints
ILNIllustrated London News
IMCIrish Manuscripts Commission
Irving, Scots.J. Irving, ed., The book of Scotsmen eminent for achievements in arms and arts, church and state, law, legislation, and literature, commerce, science, travel, and philanthropy (1881)
ITSIrish Texts Society
JCSJournal of the Chemical Society
JHCJournals of the House of Commons
JHLJournals of the House of Lords
John of Worcester, Chron.The chronicle of John of Worcester, ed. R. R. Darlington and P. McGurk, trans. J. Bray and P. McGurk, 2–3; OMT (1995–) [vol. 1 forthcoming]
Keeler, Long ParliamentM. F. Keeler, The Long Parliament, 1640–1641: a biographical study of its members (1954)
Kelly, HandbkThe upper ten thousand: an alphabetical list of all members of noble families , 3 vols. (1875–7); continued as Kelly's handbook of the upper ten thousand for 1878, 2 vols. (1878–9); continued as Kelly's handbook to the titled, landed and official classes, 94 vols. (1880–1973)
LondGLondon Gazette
LP Henry VIIIJ. S. Brewer, J. Gairdner, and R. H. Brodie, eds., Letters and papers, foreign and domestic, of the reign of Henry VIII, 23 vols. in 38 (1862–1932); repr. (1965)
Mallalieu, Watercolour artistsH. L. Mallalieu, The dictionary of British watercolour artists up to 1920, 3 vols. (1976–90)
m. cert.marriage certificate
Memoirs FRSBiographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society
MGHMonumenta Germaniae Historica
MGH Auctores AntiquissimiMonumenta Germaniae Historica, Auctores antiquissimi
MGH Capitularia Regum FrancorumMonumenta Germaniae Historica, Capitularia Regum Francorum
MGH ConciliaMonumenta Germaniae Historica, Concilia
MGH Epistolae [quarto]Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Epistolae [ in quarto]
MGH Epistolae SelectaeMonumenta Germaniae Historica, Epistolae Selectae
MGH Necrologia GermaniaeMonumenta Germaniae Historica, Necrologia Germaniae
MGH Poetae Latini Medii AeviMonumenta Germaniae Historica, Poetae Latini Medii Aevi
MGH SchriftenSchriften der Monumenta Germaniae Historica
MGH Scriptores [folio]Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores [in folio]
MGH Scriptores Rerum GermanicarumMonumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores Rerum Germanicarum
MGH Scriptores Rerum MerovingicarumMonument Germaniae Historica, Scriptores Rerum Merovingicarum
m. reg. Scot.General Register Office for ScotlandEdinburghold parish records, marriages and proclamations of marriage
MTMusical Times
Munk, RollW. Munk, The roll of the Royal College of Physicians of London, 2 vols. (1861)2nd edn, 3 vols. (1878)
N&QNotes and Queries
New GroveS. Sadie, ed., The new Grove dictionary of music and musicians, 20 vols. (1980); 2nd edn., 29 vols. (2001)
Nichols, IllustrationsJ. Nichols and J. B. Nichols, Illustrations of the literary history of the eighteenth century, 8 vols. (1817–58); repr. (1966)
Nichols, Lit. anecdotesJ. Nichols, Literary anecdotes of the eighteenth century, 9 vols. (1812–16); facs. repr. (1966)
Obits. FRSObituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society
O'Byrne, Naval biog. dict.W. R. O'Byrne, A naval biographical dictionary (1849); repr. (1990); [2nd edn], 2 vols. (1861)
OHSOxford Historical Society
Old WestminstersThe record of old Westminsters, 1–2, ed. G. F. R. Barker and A. H. Stenning (1928); suppl. 1, ed. J. B. Whitmore and G. R. Y. Radcliffe [1938]; 3, ed. J. B. Whitmore, G. R. Y. Radcliffe, and D. C. Simpson (1963); suppl. 2, ed. F. E. Pagan (1978); 4, ed. F. E. Pagan and H. E. Pagan (1992)
OMTOxford Medieval Texts
Ordericus Vitalis, Eccl. hist.The ecclesiastical history of Orderic Vitalis, ed. and trans. M. Chibnall, 6 vols., OMT (1969–80); repr. (1990)
Paris, Chron.H. R. Luard, ed., Matthaei Parisiensis, monachi sancti Albani, Chronica majora, 7 vols., RS, 57 (1872–83)
Parl. papersParliamentary papers (1801–)
PBAProceedings of the British Academy
Pepys, DiaryThe diary of Samuel Pepys, ed. R. Latham and W. Matthews, 11 vols. (1970–83); repr. (1995); repr. (2000)
PevsnerN. Pevsner and others, Buildings of England series
PICEProceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers
Pipe rollsThe great roll of the pipe …, PRSoc. (1884–) [pipe rolls]
PROPublic Record Office
PRSProceedings of the Royal Society of London
PRSoc.Pipe Roll Society
PTRSPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
QRQuarterly Review
RCRecord Commission
Redgrave, ArtistsS. Redgrave, A dictionary of artists of the English school (1874); rev. edn (1878); repr. (1970)
Reg. Oxf.C. W. Boase and A. Clark, eds., Register of the University of Oxford, 5 vols., OHS, 1, 10–12, 14 (1885–9)
Reg. PCSJ. H. Burton and others, eds., The register of the privy council of Scotland (1877–1970)
Reg. RANH. W. C. Davis and others, eds., Regesta regum Anglo-Normannorum, 1066–1154, 4 vols. (1913–69)
RIBA JournalJournal of the Royal Institute of British Architects
RotPJ. Strachey, ed., Rotuli parliamentorum ut et petitiones, et placita in parliamento, 6 vols. (1767–77)
RotSD. Macpherson, J. Caley, and W. Illingworth, eds., Rotuli Scotiae in Turri Londinensi et in domo capitulari Westmonasteriensi asservati, 2 vols., RC, 14 (1814–19)
Rymer, FoederaT. Rymer and R. Sanderson, eds., Foedera, conventiones, literae et cuiuscunque generis acta publica inter reges Angliae et alios quosvis imperatores, reges, pontifices, principes, vel communitates, 20 vols. (1704–35); 2nd edn, 20 vols. (1726–35); 3rd edn, 10 vols. (1739–45); new edn, ed. A. Clarke, J. Caley, and F. Holbrooke, 4 vols., RC, 50 (1816–69); facs. of 3rd edn (1967)
Sainty, JudgesJ. Sainty, ed., The judges of England, 1272–1990, SeldS, suppl. ser. 10 (1993)
Sainty, King's counselJ. Sainty, ed., A list of English law officers and king's counsel, SeldS, suppl. ser., 7 (1987)
SCHStudies in Church History
SCH, subsidiaStudies in Church History, subsidia
Scots peerageJ. B. Paul, ed., The Scots peerage, founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom, 9 vols. (1904–14)
SeldSSelden Society
SHRScottish Historical Review
State trialsCobbett's Complete collection of state trials, ed. T. B. Howell and T. J. Howell, 34 vols. (1809–28)
STC, 1475–1640A. W. Pollard, G. R. Redgrave, and others, eds., A short-title catalogue of … English books … 1475–1640 (1926); 2nd edn, ed. W. A. Jackson, F. S. Ferguson, and K. F. Pantzer, 3 vols. (1976–91) [see also Wing, STC]
STSScottish Text Society
SurtSSurtees Society
Symeon of Durham, OperaT. Arnold, ed., Symeonis monachi opera omnia, 2 vols., RS, 75 (1882–5); repr. (1965)
Tanner, Bibl. Brit.-Hib.T. Tanner, Bibliotheca Britannico-Hibernica, ed. D. Wilkins (1748); repr. (1963)
Thieme & Becker, Allgemeines LexikonU. Thieme, F. Becker, and H. Vollmer, eds., Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart, 37 vols. (Leipzig, 1907–50); repr. (1961–5), (1983), (1992)
Thurloe, State papersA collection of the state papers of John Thurloe, ed. T. Birch, 7 vols. (1742)
TLSTimes Literary Supplement
Tout, Admin. hist.T. F. Tout, Chapters in the administrative history of mediaeval England: the wardrobe, the chamber, and the small seals, 6 vols. (1920–33); repr. (1967)
TRHSTransactions of the Royal Historical Society
VCHThe Victoria history of the counties of England (1900–)
Venn, Alum. Cant.J. Venn and J. A. Venn, Alumni Cantabrigienses: a biographical list of all known students, graduates, and holders of office at the University of Cambridge, from the earliest times to 1900, 2 pts in 10 vols. (1922–54); repr. in 2 vols. (1974–8)
Vertue, Note books[G. Vertue], Note books, ed. K. Esdaile, earl of Ilchester, and H. M. Hake, 6 vols., Walpole Society, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 30 (1930–55); facs. repr. (1968)
VFVanity Fair
Walford, County familiesE. Walford, The county families of the United Kingdom (1860–1920) [annual]
Walker rev.A. G. Matthews, Walker revised: being a revision of John Walker's Sufferings of the clergy during the grand rebellion, 1642–60 (1948); repr. (1988)
Walpole, Corr.The Yale edition of Horace Walpole's correspondence, ed. W. S. Lewis and others, 48 vols. (1937–83)
Ward, Men of the reignT. H. Ward, ed., Men of the reign: a biographical dictionary of eminent persons of British and colonial birth who have died during the reign of Queen Victoria (1885); repr. (Graz, 1968)
Waterhouse, 18c paintersE. Waterhouse, The dictionary of 18th century British painters in oils and crayons (1981); repr. as British 18th century painters in oils and crayons (1991), vol. 2 of Dictionary of British art
Watt, Bibl. Brit.R. Watt, Bibliotheca Britannica, or, A general index to British and foreign literature, 4 vols. (1824); repr. (1963), (1964), (1965), (1990), (1995)
Wellesley indexW. E. Houghton, ed., The Wellesley index to Victorian periodicals, 1824–1900, 5 vols. (1966–89); new edn (1999) [CD-ROM]
Wing, STCD. Wing and others, eds., Short-title catalogue of … English books … 1641–1700, 3 vols. (1945–51); 2nd edn (1972–88); rev. and enl., ed. J. J. Morrison, C. W. Nelson, and M. Seccombe, 4 vols. (1994–8) [see also STC, 1475–1640]
WisdenJohn Wisden's Cricketer's Almanack
Wood, Ath. Oxon.A. Wood, Athenae Oxonienses, 2 vols. (1691–2); 2nd edn (1721); new edn, ed. P. Bliss, 4 vols. (1813–20); repr. (1967) and (1969)
Wood, Ath. Oxon.: FastiA. Wood, Athenae Oxonienses … to which are added the Fasti, 2 vols. (1691–2); 2nd edn (1721); new edn, ed. P. Bliss, 4 vols. (1813–20); repr. (1967) and (1969)
Wood, Vic. paintersC. Wood, Dictionary of Victorian painters (1971); 2nd edn (1978); 3rd edn as Victorian painters, 2 vols. (1995), vol. 4 of Dictionary of British art
WWWho's who (1849–)
WWBMPM. Stenton and S. Lees, eds., Who's who of British members of parliament, 4 vols. (1976–81)
WWWWho was who (1920–)
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