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Bedi, Sir Khem Singh [Khem Singh Bedi Baba] (1832–1905), religious leader and social reformer, was born on 21 February 1832 in the village of Kallar, the Punjab, India, the second son of Baba Atar Singh Bedi (d. 1839), holy man and landowner. The family was descended from ...

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Jind Kaur (1817–1863), maharani and regent of Lahore, was born in 1817 in the village of Chhahar, Sialkot district, Punjab (now in Pakistan), the eldest child of the three daughters and two sons of Manna Singh Aulakh, a Sikh of the Jat...

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Mahinder Singh Pujji (1918–2010) by Pearl Freeman, 1940 by kind permission of the Pujji family; PA Photos

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Pujji, Mahinder Singh (1918–2010), fighter pilot, was born on 14 August 1918 in Simla, India, into a middle-class Sikh family, the fourth son among the eight children of Sardar Sohan Singh Pujji (d. 1971), eventually a senior government officer in the Indian department of education and health...

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Sagar, Gyani Sundar Singh (1917–1996), Sikh scholar and campaigner for Sikh rights, was born on 3 June 1917 in the village of Ghalotian Kalan, Sialkot district, Punjab, India, the second child of Sardar Panna Singh, a Bhat Sikh, and his wife, Veeran Dai...

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Sarabha, Kartar Singh (1896–1915), Indian revolutionary and political activist, was born on 24 May 1896 in the village of Sarabha, Ludhiana district, Punjab, India, the only son of Sardar Mangal Singh, a Sikh farmer, and his wife, Sahib Kaur. After the birth of his sister, ...

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Singh, Baldev [known as Baldev Singh Chokar] (1902–1961), industrialist and politician, was born on 11 July 1902 in the village of Dummna, Punjab, India, the son of Inder Singh Chokar, government official and businessman. After his early education in Ambala, Baldev Singh...

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Singh, Bhagat [known as Bhagat Singh Sandhu] (1907–1931), revolutionary and writer, was born in the village of Banga, Punjab, India (now in Pakistan) on 27 September 1907, the second of the four sons and three daughters of Kishan Singh Sandhu, a farmer and political activist, and his wife, ...

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Singh, Sir Bhupinder (1891–1938), maharaja of Patiala, was born on 12 October 1891 in the city of Patiala, Punjab, India, the eldest son of Maharaja Rajinder Singh (1872–1900), and his first wife, who died in 1897. Upon the death of his father in November 1900 he succeeded to the throne of the largest Sikh-ruled state in ...

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Sir Bhupinder Singh (1891–1938) by Vandyk, 1911 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Duleep Singh, Princess Catherine Hilda (1871–1942), suffragette, was born on 27 October 1871 at 17 Princes Gardens, Knightsbridge, London, the fourth of six children who survived infancy of Maharaja Duleep Singh (1838–1893), and his first wife, Bamba, née Müller (1848–1887), of mixed German and Abyssinian descent. Her father had been deposed as the ruler of the ...

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Singh, Diwan (1894–1983), doctor and Sikh community leader, was born in the village of Takhatpari, Punjab, India, in 1894, the eldest son of Sardar Seva Singh and his wife, Ram Rakhi Kaur. As a young man he was determined to make something of his life and dreamed of going to ...

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Duleep Singh (1838–1893) by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, 1854 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Singh, Duleep (1838–1893), maharaja of Lahore, was born in Lahore on 6 September 1838, the youngest son of Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780–1839) and Rani Jindan Kaur (1817–1863). With the death of Ranjit Singh came chaos and mayhem as his prized Khalsa army, the lynchpin of his control of the ...

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Singh, Makhan (1913–1973), printer, trade unionist, and political activist, was born in Gharjakh, Gujranwala district, Punjab, India, on 27 December 1913, the son of Sudh Singh Jabbal (b. 1893) and his wife, Isher, née Kaur (b. c.1888). His family were ...

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Singh, Tara [known as Master Tara Singh Malhotra; formerly Nanak Chand Malhotra] (1885–1967), headmaster and politician, was born on 24 June 1885 in the village of Haryal, Punjab, India (now in Pakistan), the son of Bakhshi Gopi Chand Malhotra, a revenue official and moneylender. ...

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Amandeep Singh Madra

Singh, Udham (1899–1940), assassin, was born Sher Singh on 26 December 1899 in the village of Sunam, Patiala, Punjab, India, the second son of Tehal Singh, a smallholder and railway crossing guard, and his wife, Harnam Kaur. Orphaned at the age of eight, he was sent to the ...