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Adair, John (1660–1718), geographer and cartographer, was born on 2 September 1660 in Leith, Scotland. Nothing is known of his parents or his early education. The first firm reference to Adair dates from May 1681, when he was granted a licence by the ...

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Adams family (per. 1734–1817), makers of scientific instruments and globes, came to prominence through George Adams senior (bap. 1709, d. 1772), who was baptized on 17 April 1709 in the parish of St Bride's, Fleet Street, London, the eldest surviving son of ...

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Adams, Clement (c. 1519–1587), schoolmaster and map engraver, was born at Buckington, Warwickshire. He was educated at Eton between 1530 and 1536, and subsequently at the King's Hall, Cambridge. From 17 August 1536 he was tutored in classics, mathematics, and geometry at Cambridge...

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See Adams family

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Adams, John [alias Alexander Smith] (1768?–1829), seaman, mutineer, and settler, was born in London probably in 1768 and was serving under the name of Smith as an able seaman on HMS Bounty at the time of the mutiny on 28 April 1789 [...

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Adams, John (b. before 1670, d. 1738), cartographer, came originally from Shropshire. He attended Shrewsbury School, and later lived at Tanfield Court, Inner Temple, London, where he was a barrister. He is best known as a surveyor and map maker, in which capacity he worked with his brother ...

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John Adams (1768?–1829) attrib. Richard Beechey, 1825 Phillips Picture Library

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Adams, William (1564–1620), navigator, was born in Gillingham, Kent, the son of John Adams. His mother and the precise date of his birth are unknown, but he was baptized on 24 September 1564 at St Mary Magdalen, Gillingham. He had at least one brother, ...

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Ian Adams

Reviser: Elizabeth Baigent

Ainslie, John (1745–1828), cartographer and land surveyor, was born on 22 April 1745 in Jedburgh, the younger son and younger child of John Ainslie, druggist in Jedburgh, writer to the signet, and burgess of the burgh. He may have been educated at Jedburgh grammar school...

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Aldersey, Laurence (1546–1597/8), sea captain, was born at Aldersey Hall, Spurstow, Cheshire, the son of Thomas Aldersey (d. 1557), sheriff of Chester in 1539 and mayor in 1549, and his wife, Cecilia Garnet (fl. 1513–1594), also of Chester. As the sixth in a family of at least eight children, in the mid-1560s he looked to ...