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Francis Espinasse

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Abercrombie, John (1726–1806), horticulturist and writer, was born in Prestonpans, near Edinburgh, the son of a market gardener. He was educated at a grammar school, and at the age of fourteen began to work under his father. He went to London about 1751, and was employed first in the ...

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Abernethy family (per. c. 1260–c. 1465), landowners, is of obscure origins, but was certainly a native Scottish family rather than of Norman descent. Orm of Abernethy was a grandson of Gillemichael, earl of Fife in the early twelfth century, and in the 1170s he received confirmation from ...

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See Abernethy family

Article

See Abernethy family

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William Aislabie (1699/17001700–1781) by Jonathan Richardson The Burghley House Collection

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Aislabie, William (1699/1700–1781), landscape designer and landowner, was probably born at Studley Royal in the West Riding of Yorkshire, the son of John Aislabie (1670–1742), politician, and his first wife, Anne (d. 1700), daughter of Sir William Rawlinson of Hendon, Middlesex. Details of his education are unknown, beyond that he went on a grand tour in 1720. In 1721 he was returned as an MP for ...

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Aiton, William (1731–1793), horticulturist, was born at Boghall, Carnwath, Lanarkshire, the son of John Aiton, farmer, and his wife, Jean Weir. With his two brothers he trained as a gardener on the Shawfield estate at Woodhall near Airdrie. In 1754 he settled in ...

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Aiton, William Townsend (1766–1849), horticulturist, was born at 199 Kew Road, Kew, Surrey, on 2 February 1766, the elder son of the horticulturist William Aiton (1731–1793) and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1740–1826), whose maiden name was possibly Townsend. He was educated privately in ...

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Aldridge, John Arthur Malcolm (1905–1983), painter and gardener, was born near Woolwich, London, on 26 July 1905, the second of the three sons (there were no daughters) of Major John Barttelot Aldridge DSO of the Royal Field Artillery and his wife, Margaret Jessica Goddard...

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Allen, William (1704–1780), landowner and politician in America, was born on 5 August 1704 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to William Allen (d. c.1725), merchant, and his wife, known only by her maiden name, Budd. They were Presbyterians from Dungannon, Tyrone, to whom ...

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Alleyne, Sir John Gay, first baronet (1724–1801), planter and politician, was born in the parish of St James, Barbados, on 28 April 1724, the second (but only surviving) son of John Alleyne (1695–1730), of Four Hills, Barbados, and his wife, Mary (d...

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Alward, George Lowe (1842–1933), trawler owner, was born in Ramsgate, Kent, on 26 August 1842, the fourth son of the seven children of Robert Lowe Alward (1802–1871), fisherman and his wife, Mary Anne Wootton, née Hillman (1803–1874). His parents were natives of Brixham...

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Amherst [formerly Tyssen-Amherst], Alicia Margaret [married name Alicia Margaret Cecil, Lady Rockley] (1865–1941), garden historian, was born on 30 July 1865 at Didlington Hall, Didlington, near Mundford, Norfolk, fifth of the seven children (all daughters) of William Amhurst Tyssen-Amherst (1835–1909), landowner, and his wife, ...

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James Anderson (1738–1809) by Luigi Schiavonetti (after John Smart, 1800) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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James Anderson (1739–1808) by Samuel Freeman, pubd 1809 (after J. Anderson) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, James (1739–1808), agriculturist and political economist, born at Hermiston, near Edinburgh, inherited the tenancy of a large farm there at the age of fifteen when his parents (whose names are unknown) died. He had already prepared himself for the position by attending ...

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Anderson, James (1738–1809), surgeon and horticulturist, was born on 17 January 1738 at Long Hermiston near Edinburgh, the son of Andrew Anderson, a local doctor. He attended the village school at Ratho and studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh. He was a surgeon on an ...

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James Britten

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Anderson, William (1766–1846), horticulturist, was born in Easter Warrington, Edinburgh, the son of a forester and gardener to a Jacobite laird in the western highlands who had helped Charles Edward, the Young Pretender, to escape after the 1745 rising. He was known to be working in some nurseries near ...

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Robert Andrews (1725–1806) by Thomas Gainsborough, c.1750 © National Gallery, London / The Bridgeman Art Library

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Andrews, Robert (1725–1806), landowner and subject of a painting by Thomas Gainsborough, was born at Bulmer, Essex, on 10 November 1725, the son of Robert Andrews (1661–1735) and his fourth wife, Martha (d. 1749), the daughter of James Brewster (d. 1725)...