1-10 of 191 results

  • Type: Reference list x
Clear all

Article

Archbishops of Canterbury (597–2014), The office of archbishop of Canterbury dates from the arrival in 597 of the first official Christian mission to the Anglo-Saxons, sent from Rome by Pope Gregory the Great. Monks led by Augustine settled in Canterbury, the administrative centre of ...

Article

When Christianity was brought to Britain by missionaries from Rome it was envisaged that Scotland would come under the jurisdiction of the northern province at York. The diocese of St Andrews was in existence no later than the tenth century, and its holder seems to have been regarded as ...

Article

Archbishops of Wales (1920–2014), The Church in Wales is an independent province of the Anglican communion with its own archbishop and six dioceses. Disestablishment from the Church of England took place in 1920 following the passage of legislation by the Liberal government in September 1914, subsequently delayed for the duration of the First World War, and amended by the ...

Article

Archbishops of Westminster (1850–2014), The re-establishment of a Roman Catholic hierarchy in England, first mooted in Rome in 1847, was finally enacted by a brief issued by Pope Pius IX on 29 September 1850. It created thirteen sees, among which that of Westminster...

Article

Archbishops of York (625–2014), The sixth-century mission sent to England by Pope Gregory the Great was intended to establish two metropolitan sees, one in the south at London and one in the north at York. Although the southern province rapidly came into being, centred at ...

Article

Assistant and permanent secretaries of the Treasury (1805–2014), In modern Britain the Treasury is the department responsible for managing the public revenue (including, for example, taxation, public borrowing, and expenditure). The office of assistant secretary was created in 1805, and its holder was the senior permanent official—that is, civil servant—in the department. In 1867 the title of the office became permanent secretary. On several occasions in the twentieth century the office was held jointly....

Article

Astronomers royal (1675–2014), The position of astronomer royal was established by the appointment of John Flamsteed as 'astronomical observator' to Charles II on 4 March 1675. The holder of the post was expected to improve and maintain astronomical knowledge with the intention of perfecting navigation by establishing longitude. ...

Article

British envoys and ambassadors to the United States of America (1791–2014), The first minister sent from Great Britain to the United States was appointed in 1791 with the status of minister-plenipotentiary. Until 1893 the British diplomatic representative in the USA had the standing of envoy-extraordinary and minister-plenipotentiary; from then the rank of the British representative was raised from envoy to ambassador. From 1803 the British representatives were resident in ...

Article

Cabinet secretaries (1916–2014), The cabinet secretary is the senior civil servant in charge of the Cabinet Office, the department which provides administrative support to the prime minister and cabinet, and is also responsible for administering the ministerial code and enforcing cabinet discipline. Maurice Hankey...

Article

Captains of the England cricket team (1877–2014), In 1846 William Clarke (1798–1856) created an All England eleven, which played fixtures against local teams in England comprising larger numbers of players. In 1859 Clarke's successor, George Parr (1826–1891), led an England eleven on a tour of ...