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Baxendale, Joseph (1785–1872), transport entrepreneur, was born at Lancaster on 28 September 1785, the eldest child in a family of two sons and two daughters of Josiah Baxendale (1761–1835) of Castle Hill, Lancaster, surgeon, and his wife, Mabella (1756–1829), daughter of Thomas Salisbury...

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Bianconi, Charles [formerly Joachim Carlo Giuseppe Bianconi] (1786–1875), transport entrepreneur, was born Joachim Carlo Giuseppe Bianconi on 24 September 1786 at the village of Tregolo in Lombardy, not far from Como. He came from a landowning family, and was the second of five children of ...

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Chaplin, William James (1787–1859), transport entrepreneur, was born at Rochester, Kent, the son of William Chaplin, a coach proprietor on the Dover road, and his wife, Eleanor. Chaplin was educated at Bromley, and on 11 July 1816 married Elizabeth Alston at St Nicholas, Rochester...

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See Crichton, Sir Archibald William

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Du Cros, (William) Harvey (1846–1918), pneumatic tyre manufacturer, was born in Dublin on 19 June 1846, son of Edouard Pierce Du Cros and his wife, Maria Molloy. The family was of Huguenot origin, an ancestor, Jean Peter Du Cros, having settled in Dublin...

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B. W. Best

revised by Trevor I. Williams

Dunlop, John Boyd (1840–1921), inventor of the pneumatic tyre, was born on 5 February 1840 at Dreghorn, Ayrshire, the son of a farmer, John Dunlop, and his wife, Agnes, née Boyd. As a boy he attended the local parish school and, being considered too delicate for farm work, was allowed to continue his studies at ...

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John Boyd Dunlop (1840–1921) by unknown photographer photograph courtesy of Dunlop Tyres Ltd

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Henman, Philip Sydney (1899–1986), transport entrepreneur, was born on 21 December 1899 at Haddon Villas, Yalding, near Maidstone, Kent, the second son and third child of seven children of the Revd Sydney James Henman, Baptist minister at Yalding, and his wife, Ellen Gertrude, ...

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Hillman, Edward Henry (1889–1934), transport entrepreneur, was born on 19 March 1889 in Croydon, Surrey, the son of Edward Hillman and his wife, Annie. He left school at the age of nine, and worked as a brush maker. He joined the army as a drummer boy at the age of twelve. The First World War saw him rise to the rank of sergeant-major in a cavalry regiment, and also provided him with a gratuity on demobilization, which he used to buy a taxi. Success in this venture led to the sale of the cab and the purchase of a cycle shop in ...

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Howley, Richard Joseph (1871–1955), transport company director, was born on 9 July 1871 at Rich Hill, co. Limerick, the son of Lieutenant-Colonel John Howley, deputy lieutenant. He was educated at Oscott College, the Jesuit establishment near Birmingham, and at the University of Dublin...

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William Rees Jeffreys (1871–1954) by Lafayette, 1954 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Jeffreys, William Rees (1871–1954), promoter of roads and road transport, was born at 7 Warwick Place, Paddington, London, on 1 December 1871, the eldest of the four children of William George Jeffreys (1839/40–1890), upholsterer, and his wife, Mary Ann, née Garratt (1843/4–1919), sometime servant, toy dealer, and boarding-house keeper. Though included in ...

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Long, Sidney Selden (1863–1940), army officer and transport entrepreneur, was born on 31 March 1863, the fifth son of James Long, commissary-general, and his wife, Anna, daughter of Andrew Kirkwood, of Clongoonah, Ireland. Educated privately, Long followed his father into a military career, eventually in what would now be termed logistics, entering via the ...

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Lucas, Joseph (1834–1902), lamp manufacturer, was born on 12 April 1834 at Carver Street, Birmingham, the eldest son of Benjamin Lucas, a plater, and his wife, Catharine, née Ball. He received his basic education, probably only on Sundays, at a school attached to the church of the ...

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Nairn, Norman (1894–1968), managing director of a transport company in the Middle East, was born on 19 November 1894 in Blenheim, South Island, New Zealand, the eldest of the four sons of David Mathieson Nairn (1863–1924), a local doctor, and his second wife, ...

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John Elliot

revised by Michael Robbins

Pick, Frank (1878–1941), transport administrator, was born at Spalding, Lincolnshire, on 23 November 1878, the eldest child of Francis Pick, draper, of Stamford, and his wife, Fanny Clark, of South Ferriby. His early years were spent at York where he held a scholarship at ...

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Frank Pick (1878–1941) by Howard Coster, 1939 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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George Neville Russell (1899–1971) by Elliott & Fry, 1948 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Russell, George Neville [Charles] (1899–1971), army officer and director of nationalized road transport, was born at 57 Tufnell Park Road, Islington, London, on 19 October 1899, the eldest of the three illegitimate sons of Emily Mary Russell (1870–1959) and Sir Edward George Jenkinson (1835–1919)...

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Searle, Frank (1875–1948), transport entrepreneur, was born at 43 High Street, Worthing, on 15 July 1875, the son of George Searle, an iron-founder, and his wife, Charlotte (née Knight). Searle was originally trained as a locomotive engineer but, displaying early commercial sense, realized that road transport, which began to be mechanized with money-making possibilities from the later 1890s, offered more rewarding prospects, especially as steam power was an obvious early contender. ...