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Abbey, Edwin Austin (1852–1911), illustrator and painter, was born at 315 Race Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 1 April 1852, the eldest of the three children of William Maxwell Abbey (1827–1897), a merchant of French and English descent, and Margery Ann Kiple (1825–1880), who was descended from German and Irish immigrants. He was educated in ...

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Abbott, Lemuel Francis [Samuel] (1760/61–1802), portrait painter, was the elder son of a clergyman in Leicestershire—probably the Revd Lemuel Abbott (d. 1776), curate of Anstey, later vicar of Thornton, and his wife, Mary. In 1775, at the age of fourteen, he was apprenticed to ...

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Abel, John (1578/9–1675), master carpenter, was probably born and lived at Sarnesfield, Herefordshire. A Catholic recusant, he was brought before a church court in 1618 for contracting a secret marriage with his wife, Johanna. She was still alive in 1640, when she appeared in a list of recusants with her husband. Few other facts are known about ...

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Abell, William (d. 1474), manuscript artist, is associated by documentary evidence only with the consolidation charter of Eton College of March 1446, for which he was paid £1 6s. 8d. But a number of other works can be attributed to him on stylistic grounds, including the similarly illuminated charter for ...

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Abercrombie, Sir (Leslie) Patrick (1879–1957), town planner, was born on 6 June 1879 at Green Bank, Sale, Altrincham, one of a family of nine. His father, William Abercrombie (1838–1908), born in Bradford, was a Manchester stockbroker and businessman, with literary and artistic interests; his mother, ...

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Sir (Leslie) Patrick Abercrombie (1879–1957) by Howard Coster, 1944 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Abingdon, Alexander (fl. 1291–1316), sculptor, also known as ‘Imaginator’ or ‘le Imagineur’, is of unknown origins, though it has been conjectured that he trained in the masons' yard of Abingdon Abbey. He was a citizen of London at least from 1305, when his name appears in city records, but he was working in ...

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Abney, Sir William de Wiveleslie (1843–1920), civil servant and photographic scientist, was born at Derby on 24 July 1843, the eldest son of Edward Henry Abney (bap. 1811, d. 1892), vicar of St Alkmund's, Derby, afterwards prebendary of Lichfield, and Catharina, daughter of ...

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Ackermann, George (1803–1891), publisher and artist, was born in London on 29 January 1803, the second surviving son of Rudolph Ackermann (1764–1834) and Martha, née Massey (1769–1811). By nature quiet, gentle, and something of a dreamer, he was nevertheless an obedient son and began a long and active business career by joining his father's business as publisher of books and prints at ...

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Sarah Angelina Acland (1849–1930) by Sarah Acland, 1910 © Museum of the History of Science, University of Oxford

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Acland, Sarah Angelina [Angie] (1849–1930), photographer, was born at Broad Street, Oxford, on 26 June 1849, the second of eight children and only daughter of the physician Henry Wentworth Acland (1815–1900), who was then Lee's reader in anatomy at Christ Church, Oxford, and his wife, ...

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S. E. Fryer

revised by Anne MacPhee

Acton, John Adams- (1830–1910), sculptor, was born on 11 December 1830 at Acton Hill, Middlesex, one of the two surviving sons and three daughters of William Adams, an artist, and his wife, Helen Elizabeth Humphreys. His sister Clarissa was also an artist, and exhibited at the ...

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John Adams- Acton (1830–1910) by Samuel Alexander Walker, pubd 1893 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Adam, Robert (1728–1792), architect, was born at Kirkcaldy in Fife on 3 July 1728, the second son of William Adam (bap. 1689, d. 1748), architect, and his wife, Mary Robertson (1699–1761), the daughter of William Robertson of Gladney. He was educated at the high school of ...

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Robert Adam (1728–1792) attrib. George Willison, c. 1770–74 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Adam, William (bap. 1689, d. 1748), builder and architect, was baptized on 24 October 1689 at Abbotshall church, Kirkcaldy, Fife. He was the only surviving child of John Adam, builder and merchant, and of his wife, Helen, daughter of the third Lord Cranstoun...

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Adams, Clement (c. 1519–1587), schoolmaster and map engraver, was born at Buckington, Warwickshire. He was educated at Eton between 1530 and 1536, and subsequently at the King's Hall, Cambridge. From 17 August 1536 he was tutored in classics, mathematics, and geometry at Cambridge...

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Adams, Katharine (1862–1952), bookbinder, was born on 25 November 1862 at Bracknell in Berkshire, the second daughter among the three children of the Revd William Fulford Adams (d. 1912) and his wife, Catherine Mary Horton (bap. 1830, d. 1912). As a child she lived at ...

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Adams, Robert (1917–1984), sculptor and designer, was born on 5 October 1917 at Far Cotton, Northamptonshire, the youngest of the three children of Arthur and Emily Adams. From about 1930 to 1951 he lived in Hardingstone, near Northampton. He left school at the age of fourteen and did manual work but probably between 1937 and 1946 attended evening classes, part-time, in life drawing and painting at the ...

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Adams, Thomas (1871–1940), town and country planner, was born on 10 September 1871 at Meadow House Farm, Corstorphine, Edinburgh, the eldest of the four children of James Adams (1841/2–1888), dairyman, and his wife, Margaret, née Johnstone (1847/8–1899), housekeeper. Educated at Daniel Stewart's College...