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Bentham, Jeremy (1748–1832), philosopher, jurist, and reformer, was born on 4 February 1748 in Church Lane, Houndsditch, London, the eldest of the seven children of Jeremiah Bentham (1712–1792), attorney, and Alicia Woodward Whitehorne (d. 1759), the eldest daughter of Thomas Grove, a mercer of ...

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Jeremy Bentham (1748–1832) by Henry William Pickersgill, 1829 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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James Burnett, Lord Monboddo (bap. 1714, d. 1799) by John Brown Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Burnett, James, Lord Monboddo (bap. 1714, d. 1799), judge and philosopher, was born at Monboddo, near Fordoun, Kincardineshire, and baptized on 25 October 1714. He was the eldest surviving son of James Burnett (b. 1688), third laird of Monboddo, and Elizabeth (1690–1765)...

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William Molyneux (1656–1698) attrib. Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1696 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Molyneux, William (1656–1698), experimental philosopher and constitutional writer, was born in Dublin, near Ormond Gate, on 17 April 1656, the second of five children of Samuel Molyneux (1616–1693), lawyer and landowner, and his wife, Anne, née Dowdall. His great-grandfather Thomas Molyneux (1531–1597) came from the English colony in ...

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Webb, Thomas Ebenezer (1821–1903), philosopher, barrister, and literary critic, was born in Portscatho, Cornwall, on or about 8 May 1821. He was eldest of the twelve children of the Revd Thomas Webb, a Methodist minister who owned a small estate in Cornwall, and his wife, ...