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Abrahams, Israel (1858–1925), Jewish scholar and historian, was born on 26 November 1858 at 10 Finsbury Square, London, the second son in the family of four sons and two daughters of Barnett Abrahams (1831–1863) and his wife, Jane, née Brandon (1834–1895). His father was principal of ...

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Israel Abrahams (1858–1925) by Isaac Cohen Liberal Jewish Synagogue

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Abram, Annie (1869–1930), historian, was born at 45 Myddelton Square, Clerkenwell, London, on 26 May 1869, the younger daughter and fourth child of George Abram (1833–1897?), law stationer, and his first wife, Ann Arding (1835–1869), who died a month later. Her name was originally registered as ...

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Abramsky, Chimen (1916–2010), bookseller and historian, was born on 16 September 1916 in Smalyavichy, near Minsk, Russia, the third of four sons of Yehezkel Abramsky (1886–1976), rabbinic scholar, and his wife, Reizel (d. 1965), daughter of the leading rabbinic figure Israel Jonathan Jerusalimsky...

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John Emerich Edward Dalberg Acton, first Baron Acton (1834–1902) by Eveleen Myers, 1890s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Acton, John Emerich Edward Dalberg, first Baron Acton (1834–1902), historian and moralist, was born at Naples on 10 January 1834, the only child of Sir Ferdinand Richard Edward Acton, seventh baronet (1801–1837), and Marie Louise Pelline de Dalberg (1812–1860), the French-bred heir of ...

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Adair, Patrick (1624?–1693/4), Presbyterian minister and historian, was the son of John Adair of Genoch in Galloway. His family were prominently involved in the Scottish migration to Ulster in the seventeenth century, and he was the nephew of Sir Robert Adair, a major Scots colonizer in ...

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Adamson, Henry (bap. 1581, d. 1637), poet and historian, was baptized in Perth on 11 November 1581, the son of the merchant James Adamson (d. after 1617), who served as dean of guild in 1600 and provost between 1609 and 1612, and ...

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Adcock, Sir Frank Ezra (1886–1968), historian of Greece and Rome, was born on 15 April 1886 at Desford, Leicestershire, the fourth of the five children of Thomas Draper Adcock, schoolmaster, head of the Desford Industrial School, and his wife, Mary Esther Coltman. He was educated at the ...

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Francis Espinasse

revised by Jonathan Harris

Adolphus, John (1768–1845), barrister and historian, was born in London on 7 August 1768; he was of German-Jewish descent. His grandfather was domestic physician to Frederick the Great, and wrote a French romance, Histoire des diables modernes (1763), which is sometimes wrongly ascribed to ...

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Ady, Cecilia Mary (1881–1958), historian, was born on 28 November 1881 at Edgcote, Northamptonshire, the only child of the Revd (William) Henry Ady (d. 1915), rector of Edgcote and later of Charing, Kent, and Ockham, Surrey, and his wife, Julia Mary Cartwright (1851–1924)...

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Barbara Brandon Schnorrenberg

Aikin, Lucy (1781–1864), historian, the fourth child and only daughter of John Aikin MD (1747–1822), and his wife, Martha Jennings (d. 1830), was born in Warrington on 6 November 1781. Her three brothers were Arthur Aikin, Charles Rochemont Aikin, and Edmund Aikin...

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Lucy Aikin (1781–1864) by unknown photographer private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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C. F. Keary

revised by Marios Costambeys

Aio (supp. fl. 950x75), supposed historian, is said to have been a monk in the abbey of Crowland, Lincolnshire, and is mentioned only in the forged Historia Croylandensis attributed to Ingulf, a genuine eleventh-century abbot of the same monastery. This work was probably written in the mid-fifteenth century and professed to make use of material collected by two monks of ...

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Alger, John Goldworth (bap. 1836, d. 1907), journalist and historian, born at Diss, Norfolk, and baptized on 7 August 1836, was the only son of John Alger, a corn merchant of that town, and his wife, Jemima, daughter of Salem Goldworth, yeoman, of ...

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Alison, Sir Archibald, first baronet (1792–1867), historian and lawyer, was born on 29 December 1792 at Kenley, Shropshire, in the parsonage of his father, Archibald Alison (1757–1839), son of Patrick Alison, lord provost of Edinburgh. The elder Archibald married in 1784 Dorothea (...

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Sir Archibald Alison, first baronet (1792–1867) by Sir John Watson-Gordon, 1839 unknown collection / Christie's; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allanson, Peter [name in religion Athanasius] (1804–1876), historian and abbot of Glastonbury, was born on 11 June 1804 in Castle Street, Holborn, London, the second son of William Walter Allanson and his wife, Mary Ann Barber, from Lambeth. The family was Roman Catholic and ...

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T. W. Bayne

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Allardyce, Alexander (1846–1896), journalist and historian, son of James Allardyce, farmer, was born on 21 January 1846 at Tillyminit, Gartly, in the parish of Rhynie, Aberdeenshire. He received his first lessons in Latin from his maternal grandmother and was then educated at Rhynie parish school...

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W. P. Courtney

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Allen, John (1771–1843), political and historical writer, was born at Redford, in the parish of Colinton, near Edinburgh, on 3 February 1771. His father, James Allen, a writer to the signet and the owner of the small estate of Redford, became bankrupt, but after his death the son, through the aid of his mother's family and the liberality of her second husband, was educated privately. He was apprenticed to an ...