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James Anderson (1739–1808) by Samuel Freeman, pubd 1809 (after J. Anderson) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, James (1739–1808), agriculturist and political economist, born at Hermiston, near Edinburgh, inherited the tenancy of a large farm there at the age of fifteen when his parents (whose names are unknown) died. He had already prepared himself for the position by attending ...

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Robert Andrews (1725–1806) by Thomas Gainsborough, c.1750 © National Gallery, London / The Bridgeman Art Library

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Andrews, Robert (1725–1806), landowner and subject of a painting by Thomas Gainsborough, was born at Bulmer, Essex, on 10 November 1725, the son of Robert Andrews (1661–1735) and his fourth wife, Martha (d. 1749), the daughter of James Brewster (d. 1725)...

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John Westby-Gibson

revised by Nicholas Goddard

Angas, Caleb (1782–1860), agriculturist, was a well-known practitioner of farming in the East Riding of Yorkshire and recognized locally as a leading authority on agriculture. He originally lived at Brancepeth but at the age of thirty-two he established himself at Newick Farm, Great Driffield...

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Bathurst, Charles, first Viscount Bledisloe (1867–1958), agriculturist and politician, was born in London on 21 September 1867, the second but first surviving son of the barrister Charles Bathurst (1836–1907), of Lydney Park, Gloucestershire, where he owned 4000 acres of land, and his wife, ...

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Blaikie, Francis (1771–1857), agriculturist and land agent, was born on 24 December 1771 at Holydean in the parish of Bowden, Roxburghshire, the son of Andrew Blaikie, a tenant farmer of Holydean, and his wife, Jane Currie. Francis followed a career in agriculture and moved to ...

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T. F. Henderson

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Boys, John (1749–1824), agriculturist, only son of William Boys of Barham, Kent, and Ann, daughter of William Cooper of Ripple, was born in November 1749. He had a farm at Betshanger, near Deal, Kent, and later at Each, Kent, and was a successful farmer, well known for his breed of Southdown sheep....

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Brock, (Arthur) Guy Clutton- (1906–1995), agriculturist and political activist, was born on 5 April 1906 at Lake View, Green Lane, Ruislip, Middlesex, the son of Henry Alan Clutton-Brock, stockbroker, and his wife, Rosa Gertrude Eleanor, née Bowles. He was educated at Rugby School...

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Buckman, James (1814–1884), naturalist and agriculturist, was born on 20 November 1814 in Cheltenham, a son of John Buckman (1767–1851), shoemaker and cordwainer, and his wife, Mary Bishop (b. 1777). He was first articled to Stephen H. Murley, a Cheltenham surgeon-apothecary, who inculcated in him an interest in science. From about 1835 ...

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Caird, Sir James (1816–1892), agriculturist and writer, was the third son of James Caird of Stranraer, solicitor and procurator fiscal for Wigtownshire, and Isabella, daughter of Archibald McNeel of Stranraer. He was born at Stranraer on 10 June 1816, and was educated at the burgh school and ...

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Sir James Caird (1816–1892) by Vincent Brooks, Day & Son, pubd 1881 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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G. T. Bettany

revised by Nicholas Goddard

Chevallier, John (1773/4–1846), agriculturist, was the youngest son of the Revd Temple Chevallier (1731–1804), who was descended from a Jersey family, one of whom purchased the manor of Aspall, Suffolk, in 1720, and his wife, Mary, née Fiske. John originally joined the medical profession, but was later ordained; he was instituted into the perpetual curacy of ...

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Child, Robert (1613–1654), physician and agriculturist, was born in Northfleet, Kent, the son of John Child. His brother Major John Child was commander of a Kentish regiment, and was one of the commissioned officers who took part in the Kentish insurrection of 1648. ...

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Coke, Thomas William, first earl of Leicester of Holkham (1754–1842), politician and agriculturist, was born in London on 6 May 1754 and baptized at St James's, Piccadilly, on 22 May, the eldest son of Wenham Roberts Coke (1717–1776), a landowner, and his second wife, ...

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Thomas William Coke, first earl of Leicester of Holkham (1754–1842) by Thomas Gainsborough, 1778 by kind permission of the Earl of Leicester and the Trustees of the Holkham Estate. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Coke, Thomas William, second earl of Leicester of Holkham (1822–1909), agriculturist and landowner, was born at Holkham Hall, the family seat in Norfolk, on 26 December 1822, the eldest son of Thomas William Coke, ‘Coke of Norfolk’, afterwards first earl of Leicester (1754–1842)...

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Ernest Clarke

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Coventry, Andrew (1764–1832), agriculturist, was born at Stichill, Roxburghshire, the eldest son of George Coventry, minister of the Relief Church at Stichill, and his wife, Elizabeth Horn. Through his mother he inherited the estate of Shanwell, near Kinross, and some other property in ...

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Culley, George (bap. 1735, d. 1813), agriculturist, was baptized on 16 April 1735 at Denton, co. Durham, the youngest of the four sons of Matthew Culley, farmer. Little is known of his childhood and adolescence, but it is known that in the early 1760s ...

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John Christian Curwen (1756–1828) by Charles Turner, pubd 1809 (after John James Halls) © National Portrait Gallery, London