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Bader, Ernest (1890–1982), chemical manufacturer and industrial reformer, was born in Regensdorf, Switzerland, on 24 November 1890, the youngest of thirteen children of a protestant farmer, Gottlieb Bader, and his wife, Barbara Meier. He was expelled from school at the age of twelve and went to work as a menial in a ...

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Balfour, Clara Lucas [née Clara Lucas] (1808–1878), advocate of women's advancement and temperance activist, was born in the New Forest, Hampshire, on 21 December 1808. She was the only child of John Lydell Lucas (c.1767–1818), a butcher and cattle dealer from ...

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Barnardo, Thomas John (1845–1905), philanthropist and founder of Dr Barnardo's Homes, was born on 4 July 1845 at 4 Dame Street, Dublin, the fourth of five children of John Michaelis Barnardo (1800–1874), a Prussian subject and furrier, and his second wife, Abigail, daughter of ...

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Thomas John Barnardo (1845–1905) by Stepney Causeway Studios, in or before 1905 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brown, Dame Edith Mary (1864–1956), medical missionary and founder of the North India School of Medicine for Christian Women, was born on 24 March 1864 at Bank Buildings, 10A Coats Lane, Whitehaven, Cumberland. One of six children, she was the second of three daughters born to ...

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Charlotte Fell-Smith

revised by Mark Clement

Burns, (James) Dawson (1828–1909), temperance reformer, born at Southwark in London, on 22 January 1828, was the younger son of Jabez Burns, DD (1805–1876), Baptist minister of New Church Street Chapel, Marylebone, for forty-one years, and a popular religious writer and temperance advocate. His mother was ...

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William Sproston Caine (1842–1903) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1901 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Caine, William Sproston (1842–1903), politician and temperance advocate, born at Egremont, Wallasey, Cheshire, on 26 March 1842, was the eldest surviving son of Nathaniel Caine JP (d. 1877), metal merchant, and his wife, Hannah (d. 1861), daughter of William Rushton of ...

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Coats, Thomas (1809–1883), thread manufacturer and benefactor, was born at Ferguslie, Paisley, Renfrewshire, on 18 October 1809, the fourth of at least six sons of James Coats (1774–1857), one of the founders of the Paisley thread industry, and Catherine Mitchell (d. 1857)...

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Thomas Coats (1809–1883) by Sir Daniel Macnee, 1881 Paisley Museum and Art Galleries, Renfrewshire Council

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Crossley, Francis William (1839–1897), engine manufacturer and philanthropist, and his brother, Sir William John Crossley first baronet (1844–1911), were born in Antrim, the sons of Major Francis Crossley (1787–1846) of Glenburn, Dunmurry, Antrim, and his second wife, Elizabeth Helen Irwin, whom he married in 1837. ...

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Fox, Joseph (1775–1816), dental surgeon and philanthropist, the only son of Joseph Fox (1733–1795), dentist, and his wife, Mary (b. 1751, d. before 1795), daughter of the Revd John Rogers, a Baptist minister of Long Lane, Southwark, was born in Crooked Lane, Lombard Street, London...

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William Fox (1736–1826) by Samuel Freeman, pubd 1827 © reserved

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Fox, William (1736–1826), founder of the Sunday School Society, was born at Clapton, Gloucestershire, on 14 February 1736, the youngest of the eight children of James Fox (d. 1738/9), tenant farmer on Clapton Manor estate. Left fatherless, the eldest son took over the farm, while ...

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Grant, Clara Ellen (1867–1949), headmistress and settlement worker, was born on 21 June 1867 in Chapmanslade, Corsley, near Warminster, Wiltshire, the second of at least nine children of Thomas Grant, a painter and plumber, who was proprietor of an interior decoration business, and his wife, ...

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Harris, Sir John Hobbis (1874–1940), campaigner against slavery, was born on 29 July 1874 at Grove Street, Wantage, the son of John Hobbis Harris, plumber (and later a builder), and his wife, Elizabeth Emily Saunders. An earnest Christian, young John Harris spent all his free time doing evangelical social work in the common lodging houses under the leadership of ...

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Heaton, Ellen (1816–1894), art collector and philanthropist, was born on 18 November 1816 at 7 Briggate, Leeds, the elder of the two children of John Heaton (1769–1852), bookseller and printer, and his wife, Ann Deakin (1774–1841), who came from a family of West Riding...

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Jewson, Dorothea [Dorothy] (1884–1964), feminist and politician, was born on 17 August 1884 at Thorpe Hamlet, Norwich, one of two children of Alderman George Jewson JP, a coal and timber merchant, and his wife, Mary Jane Jarrold. The family firm Jewson & Son...

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William Knibb (1803–1845) by George Baxter, 1847 © National Portrait Gallery, London