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Abdy, Edward Strutt (1791–1846), campaigner against slavery and racism, was the fifth and youngest son of Thomas Abdy Abdy, born Thomas Abdy Rutherford (1755–1798), Church of England clergyman of Albyns, Essex, and his wife, Mary, daughter of James Hayes of Holyport, Buckinghamshire, a bencher of the ...

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Acland [née Cunningham], Alice Sophia, Lady Acland (1849–1935), co-operative movement activist and advocate of women's advancement, was born on 3 February 1849 at Heath Lodge, Petersfield, Hampshire, the eldest daughter of the Revd Francis Macaulay Cunningham (1815/16–1899) and his wife, née Alice Charlotte Poore...

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Acland, Sir John (c. 1552–1620), politician and benefactor, was the younger son of John Acland (d. 1553) of Acland Barton in the parish of Landkey, north Devon, and Margaret, daughter and coheir of Hugh Radcliff of Stepney and the Middle Temple. He was born into an established gentry family which already bore heraldic arms and owned lands in five other ...

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Acland, John (1699–1796), Church of England clergyman and writer on social issues, was the second son of John Acland (d. 1703), of Beerford, Devon, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Acland of Fremington, Devon. His father was MP for Callington, Cornwall...

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Sir Richard Thomas Dyke Acland, fifteenth baronet (1906–1990) by Howard Coster, 1939 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Acland, Sir Richard Thomas Dyke, fifteenth baronet (1906–1990), politician and benefactor, was born on 26 November 1906 at Broadclyst, Devon, his ancestral home, the eldest in the family of three sons and one daughter of Sir Francis Dyke Acland, fourteenth baronet (1874–1939), landowner and liberal politician, and his wife, ...

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Acland, Sir Thomas Dyke, tenth baronet (1787–1871), politician and philanthropist, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, ninth baronet (d. 1794), and Henrietta Anne (d. 1841), the only daughter of Sir Richard Hoare, was born in London on 29 March 1787. He became heir to the family estates when his father died on 17 May 1794. He was educated at ...

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Adam [née King], Ruth Augusta (1907–1977), writer and feminist, was born on 14 December 1907 at the vicarage in Arnold, a mining parish in Nottinghamshire, the second of the four children of the Revd Rupert William King (1874–1955), a Church of England...

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Addenbrooke, John (bap. 1681, d. 1719), physician and benefactor, was born at Kingswinford in Staffordshire, and baptized on 13 June 1681 at the parish church in West Bromwich, the only son of Samuel Addenbrooke, vicar of West Bromwich, and Matilda Porry of Wolverhampton...

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Akroyd, Edward (1810–1887), industrialist and philanthropist, was born on 28 November 1810 at Brockholes, near Brookhouse, Ovenden, Halifax, the eldest of the ten children of Jonathan Akroyd (1782–1847) and his wife, Sarah, daughter of David Wright of Ovenden. Educated locally by an Anglican clergyman and at the ...

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Alcindor, John (1873–1924), general practitioner and leader of the African Progress Union, was born on 8 or 9 July 1873 in Port of Spain, Trinidad, the son of Francis Alcindor, cocoa planter. Almost nothing is known of his parents, though there were funds to pay for his schooling and medical studies. The family's African ancestry was suggested by ...

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Alden, Sir Percy (1865–1944), social worker and politician, was born at Walton Street, in St Thomas's parish, Oxford, on 6 June 1865, the third of six sons (there was also a daughter) of Isaac Alden (b. 1834), a master butcher, and his wife, ...

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Aldis, Charles James Berridge (1808–1872), physician and public health reformer, and the eldest son of Sir Charles Aldis (1776–1863), surgeon, was born in London on 16 January 1808. He was educated at St Paul's School and matriculated from Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1828; he graduated BA (1831), MB (1832), and MA (1834). ...

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Alexander, George William (1802–1890), banker and philanthropist, was born on 25 April 1802 in Bunhill Row, London, the first of nine children, eight of whom survived to maturity, of William Alexander (1769–1819), bill broker, and his wife, Ann Alexander, née Barber (1774/5–1861), of ...

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Alison, William Pulteney (1790–1859), physician and social reformer, born at Boroughmuirhead near Edinburgh on 12 November 1790, was the son of Archibald Alison (1757–1839), who was in charge of the Episcopal congregation in Edinburgh as well as being a noted author, and his wife, ...

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