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Aikin, Edmund (1780–1820), architect, was born on 2 October 1780 at Warrington, Lancashire, the youngest son of John Aikin (1747–1822), physician and author, and his wife, Martha, née Jennings (c.1746–1830). His two brothers, Charles Rochemont Aikin and Arthur Aikin, achieved prominence in the fields of surgery and natural science respectively. A shy, nervous, and physically delicate child, he was educated at home until, following the family's move to ...

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Helen Mary Elizabeth Allingham (1848–1926) by unknown photographer courtesy of Burgh House and Hampstead Museum

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Allingham [née Paterson], Helen Mary Elizabeth (1848–1926), watercolour painter, was born on 26 September 1848 at Swadlincote, Derbyshire, the eldest of the seven children (three boys and four girls) of Alexander Henry Paterson (1825–1862), medical practitioner and surgeon, and his wife, Mary Chance Herford (1824–1894)...

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Arendrup [née Courtauld], Edith (1846–1934), artist and Roman Catholic religious sister, was born on 1 September 1846 at Bocking, Braintree, Essex, the younger child and only daughter of John Minton Courtauld (d. 1877), junior partner in Samuel Courtauld & Co., silk and crepe manufacturers, and his wife, ...

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Bicknell, Elhanan (1788–1861), art patron and businessman, was born on 21 December 1788, at 8 Blackman Street, Southwark, London, the second son of William Bicknell (1749–1825) and his wife, Elizabeth, née Randall (1756–1821), of Sevenoaks, Kent. William was a friend of John Wesley...

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Bodichon, Barbara Leigh Smith (1827–1891), artist and women's activist, was born on 8 April 1827 in Whatlington, near Robertsbridge, Sussex, the eldest of the five children of the radical MP Benjamin Smith (1783–1860) [see under Smith, William (1756-1835)] and Anne Longden (1801–1834)...

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Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon (1827–1891) by André Adolphe Eugène Disderi © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Samuel Bourne (1834–1912) by unknown photographer, c. 1864 Royal Photographic Society

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Bourne, Samuel (1834–1912), photographer, was born at Windy Arbour Farm, Mucklestone, near Market Drayton, Staffordshire, on 30 October 1834, the third son of Thomas Bourne (b. 1804), a farmer, and his wife, Harriet née Dobson (b. 1802). He was educated privately by a clergyman at ...

Article

See Bowman, John Eddowes, the elder

Article

G. C. Boase

revised by Michael W. Brooks

Chamberlain, John Henry (1831–1883), architect, was born on 26 June 1831 at Leicester, the son of the Revd Joseph Chamberlain, minister at Leicester of a congregation of Calvinistic Baptists, and his wife, Jane. He was educated at schools in Leicester and in London...

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Courtauld, Samuel (1876–1947), industrialist and patron of the arts, was born at Bocking, Essex, on 7 May 1876, the second son of Sydney Courtauld, a silk manufacturer, and his wife, Sarah Lucy, the daughter of William Sharp. The Courtaulds had arrived in England...

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Samuel Courtauld (1876–1947) by Fayer, mid-1930s © reserved; unknown collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Disney, John (1779–1857), barrister and art collector, born at Flintham Hall, Nottinghamshire, the home of his paternal uncle Lewis Disney, on 29 May 1779, was the eldest son of seven children of the Revd John Disney DD (1746–1816), a Church of England, and later Unitarian, clergyman, and his wife, ...

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Edwards, William (bap. 1723, d. 1808), bookbinder, was baptized on 6 January 1723 at St James's Church, Halifax, Yorkshire, the second of three sons of Richard Edwards, a schoolmaster.

Edwards was very successful in collecting rare books and his Halifax bookshop and bindery, facing up ...

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Fairbairn, Sir Thomas, second baronet (1823–1891), art administrator and patron, was born on 18 January 1823 at The Polygon, Ardwick, Manchester, the third of the eight surviving children of Sir William Fairbairn, first baronet (1789–1874), engineer, and his wife, Dorothy (1788/9–1882), daughter of ...

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Edwin Wilkins Field (1804–1871) by Charles George Lewis (after Sir John Watson-Gordon, 1858) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by Catherine Pease-Watkin

Field, Edwin Wilkins (1804–1871), law reformer and promoter of art, was born on 12 October 1804 at Leamington, Warwickshire, eldest son of the Unitarian minister William Field (1768–1851) of Warwick, and his wife, Mary, née Wilkins (1784?–1848). On his father's side he was a lineal descendant of ...

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Fox, Eliza Florance Bridell- [née Eliza Florance Fox] (1823/4–1903), painter, was born in December 1823 or January 1824 in London, the only daughter and middle of the three children of William Johnson Fox (1786–1864), Unitarian minister of South Place Chapel, Finsbury, London...

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Gillies, Margaret (1803–1887), painter, was born on 7 August 1803 in Throgmorton Street in the City of London and baptized on 6 February 1804 at St Benet Fink, Threadneedle Street, the fourth of the five children of William Gillies (1761–1845), corn merchant, and his wife, ...