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Barbirolli, Sir John [formerly Giovanni Battista] (1899–1970), conductor and cellist, was born Giovanni Battista at 12 Southampton Row, London, on 2 December 1899, the elder son and second of the three children of an émigré Italian violinist, Lorenzo Barbirolli (1864–1928), and his Parisian wife, ...

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Sir John Barbirolli (1899–1970) by Georges Maiteny © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Harry Blech (1909–1999) by Elliott & Fry, 1958 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Blech, Harry [formerly Hirsch] (1909–1999), conductor and violinist, was born in the East End of London in June 1909, the son of Henri Blech, provisions merchant and commercial traveller, and his wife, Sophie Stock. Shortly after he was born his father went to ...

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Brown, (Elizabeth) Iona (1941–2004), violinist and conductor, was born on 7 January 1941 at the Cedars Nursing Home, Manor Road, Salisbury, Wiltshire, the first of four children of Antony Francis Brown, pianist and organist, and his wife, Fiona Mary, née Whitham, violinist. At the time of her birth her parents lived at ...

Article

J. A. F. Maitland

revised by John Warrack

Ella, John (1802–1888), violinist and conductor, was born at Leicester on 19 December 1802, the son of Richard Ella (b. 1769), a baker from Thirsk in Yorkshire. He was intended for the law, but, turning to music, studied with Fémy. He made his first professional appearance on 18 January 1821, in the orchestra at ...

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Hartley, Wallace Henry (1878–1912), musician and bandleader on the RMS Titanic, was born on 2 June 1878 at 136 Greenfield Hill, Colne, Lancashire, the second of the six children (four surviving) of Albion Hartley (1850–1934), mill manager, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Foulds (1851–1927)...

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Wallace Henry Hartley (1878–1912) by unknown photographer, 1912 [the band of RMS Titanic: John Frederick Preston Clarke, Percy Cornelius Taylor; Georges Alexandre Krins, Wallace Hartley, William Theodore Ronald Brailey; Jock Hume, John Wesley Woodward] © Illustrated London News Ltd / Mary Evans

Article

J. C. Hadden

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Hill, Thomas Henry Weist- (1828–1891), violinist and conductor, son of Thomas Hill, goldsmith and freeman of the City, was born in Islington, London, on 3 January 1828. He showed an aptitude for the violin at an early age and appeared at Gravesend as an infant prodigy. In 1844 he entered the ...

Article

J. C. Hadden

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Lucas, Charles (1808–1869), composer, cellist, and conductor, was born at Salisbury, Wiltshire, on 28 July 1808, the son of a music-seller. He was a chorister at Salisbury Cathedral for eight years under Arthur Thomas Corfe. In 1823 he was admitted to the Royal Academy of Music...

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Menuhin, Yehudi, Baron Menuhin (1916–1999), violinist and conductor, was born on 22 April 1916 at the Mount Lebanon Hospital in the Bronx district of New York city, the only son and first among the three children of Moshe Menuhin (1893–1982), teacher, and his wife, ...

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Yehudi Menuhin, Baron Menuhin (1916–1999) by Myfanwy Pavelic, 1982 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Louis Spohr (1784–1859) by Friedrich Jentzen (after C. Arnold) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Spohr, Louis (1784–1859), composer, violinist, and conductor, was born on 5 April 1784 at what is now Spohrplatz 7, Brunswick, the first of the seven children of Carl Heinrich Spohr (1756–1843), a medical doctor, and his cousin Juliane Ernestine Luise Henke (1763–1840). His baptismal name was ...