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Aldis, Charles James Berridge (1808–1872), physician and public health reformer, and the eldest son of Sir Charles Aldis (1776–1863), surgeon, was born in London on 16 January 1808. He was educated at St Paul's School and matriculated from Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1828; he graduated BA (1831), MB (1832), and MA (1834). ...

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Neil Arnott (1788–1874) by Smyth (after Jabez Hogg) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Arnott, Neil (1788–1874), physician and public health reformer, the son of William Arnott, a manufacturer and farmer, and his wife, Ann Maclean, was born at Arbroath in Forfarshire, Scotland, on 15 May 1788. A Roman Catholic by upbringing, he was educated by his mother, at the parish school of ...

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Carpenter, Alfred John (1825–1892), physician and propagandist for the cause of sewage farming, the son of John William Carpenter, surgeon, of Rothwell, Northamptonshire, was born at Rothwell on 28 May 1825. He attended Moulton grammar school in Lincolnshire, before becoming a pupil of ...

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See Crofton, Sir John Wenman

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Greenhill, William Alexander (1814–1894), physician and sanitary reformer, was born at Stationers' Hall, London, on 1 January 1814, the youngest of the three sons of George Greenhill (1766–1850), secretary to the Stationers' Company, and his wife, Sarah Ann. The Greenhill family had a long-standing association with the ...

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Johnson, Alexander (bap. 1716, d. 1799), physician and advocate of resuscitation, was baptized on 13 September 1716 in the English church at The Hague, in the Netherlands, the sixth and youngest child of Thomas Johnson (1676/7–1735), publisher, and his wife, Jane Weems or Wemyss (1685/6–1756)...

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Lee, Edwin (d. 1870), writer on medical reform and spa physician, was born some time around the beginning of the nineteenth century. Nothing is known about his early years and information about his parents appears non-existent. He was articled under the Royal College of Surgeons, London...

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Annie McCall (1859–1949) by Deneulain Wellcome Library, London

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McCall, Annie (1859–1949), physician and promoter of antenatal and maternity care, was born on 23 September 1859 at Dudley Bank Cottage, Whalley Range, Moss Side, Manchester, the third child of five born to William McCall (1810/11–1863), an insurance agent, and his wife, Mary (1831–1921)...

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Oliver, Sir Thomas (1853–1942), physician and authority on industrial hygiene, was born at St Quivox, Ayrshire, on 2 March 1853, the second of the nine children of James Oliver (1824?–1904), grocer, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Thomas McMurtrie. He was educated at ...

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Parkes, Edmund Alexander (1819–1876), physician and hygienist, was born in Bloxham, Oxfordshire, on 29 March 1819, one of the sons of William (1788–1840) and Frances Parkes, née Byerley (1786–1842) [see under Byerley, Maria], of Warwick. His father was a textile manufacturer and his mother, the daughter of ...

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Edmund Alexander Parkes (1819–1876) by Barraud Wellcome Library, London

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Rumsey, Henry Wyldbore (1809–1876), medical practitioner and writer on sanitary reform, was born on 3 July 1809 in Chesham, Buckinghamshire, the eldest of five children of Henry Nathaniel Rumsey, surgeon, and his wife, Elizabeth Frances Catherine, daughter of Sir Robert Murray. Rumsey's early education was conducted by various tutors. At the age of sixteen he began formal medical studies with ...

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Sayer, Augustin (1790–1861), physician and sanitarian, was born on 10 October 1790 at Bexley, Kent, one of several children of William Augustin Sayer and his wife, Anne; his grandfather Valentine Sayer (d. 1766), had been mayor of Sandwich in 1752, 1753, and 1760. When he was twelve years old ...

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Sutherland, John (1808–1891), physician and promoter of sanitary science, the son of William Sutherland, a saddler, was born in Edinburgh in December 1808, and educated at Edinburgh high school. He became a licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh in 1827, and graduated MD at the university in 1831. After spending some time on the continent he practised for a short period in ...