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Alison, William Pulteney (1790–1859), physician and social reformer, born at Boroughmuirhead near Edinburgh on 12 November 1790, was the son of Archibald Alison (1757–1839), who was in charge of the Episcopal congregation in Edinburgh as well as being a noted author, and his wife, ...

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William Pulteney Alison (1790–1859) by John Henry Robinson, pubd 1849 (after George Richmond, 1847) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Sir Charles Bell (1774–1842) by John Stevens, c. 1821 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bell, Sir Charles (1774–1842), physiologist and surgeon, the youngest of the six children of William Bell (1704–1779), an Episcopal clergyman, and his wife, Margaret Morrice, the daughter of a clergyman, was born in November 1774 at Fountainbridge, at that time a suburb of ...

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Bell, John (1763–1820), surgeon and anatomist, was born on 12 May 1763 in Edinburgh, the second son of the Revd William Bell (1704–1779) and his wife, Margaret Morrice. Despite the impoverishment of the family which was caused by Bell's father's conversion from the ...

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Bramwell, Sir Byrom (1847–1931), physician and neurologist, was born on 18 December 1847 at Dockray Square, North Shields, Northumberland, the eldest son of John Byrom Bramwell (1823–1882), a general medical practitioner in North Shields, and his wife, Mary, daughter of Thomas Young, a shipowner. ...

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Browne, Sir James Crichton- (1840–1938), physician and psychiatrist, was born in Edinburgh on 29 November 1840, the first of the eight children of William Alexander Francis Browne (1805–1885) and his wife, Magdalene Howden Balfour, daughter of Dr Andrew Balfour of Edinburgh. The addition of ...

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Browne, William Alexander Francis (1805–1885), alienist, was born on 24 June 1805 in Stirling, the son of William Browne (c.1785–1806), a lieutenant in the Cameronians, who drowned in the wreck of a troopship on the Goodwin Sands, and his wife, Jessie (...

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Campbell F. Lloyd

Burns, John (1774–1850), surgeon, born in Glasgow, was the eldest of the sons of John Burns (1744–1839), minister of the Church of Scotland's Barony parish in Glasgow, and his wife, Elizabeth Stevenson, and was grandson of John Burns, the author of Burns's English Grammar...

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Cameron, Archibald (1707–1753), physician and Jacobite conspirator, was the fourth son of John Cameron (c.1663–1748), laird of Lochiel, and his wife, Isabel, daughter of Alexander Campbell of Lochnell, and the younger brother of Donald Cameron of Lochiel, who took a prominent part in the Jacobite rising of 1745. ...

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George Cheyne (1671/22–1743) by John Faber junior, 1732 (after Johan van Diest) Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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Cheyne, George (1671/2–1743), physician, was born at Methlick, Aberdeenshire, in 1671 or 1672 but was not baptized there until 24 February 1673. His father was James Cheyne, a tenant farmer at Auchencruive. Nothing is known of his mother. George Cheyne had a brother, ...

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Clark, John (bap. 1744, d. 1805), physician, first son of William Clark, tenant farmer at Prior Raw, Roxburghshire, was baptized on 10 May 1744 in the local parish of Linton. He had six brothers and three sisters and received his primary education in ...

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Charles Creighton

revised by Anita Guerrini

Cockburn, William (1669–1739), physician, about whose early life nothing is known, proceeded MA at Edinburgh on 9 July 1688. The Dictionary of National Biography erroneously described him as a son of Sir William Cockburn of Ryslaw. His name occurs in the register of the ...

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Donald, Ian (1910–1987), obstetrician and developer of ultrasound, was born on 27 December 1910 in Liskeard, Cornwall, the eldest in the family of two surviving sons and two daughters of John Donald (d. 1927), medical practitioner, and his wife, Helen Barrow, née...

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Fairbairn, (William) Ronald Dodds (1889–1964), psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, was born on 11 August 1889 at the Red House, Cluny Gardens, Edinburgh, the only child of Thomas Fairbairn (1854–1925), chartered surveyor and secretary of the Edinburgh Architectural Association, and Cecilia Leefe (1854–1946). Ronald Fairbairn...

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Fraser, Sir Thomas Richard (1841–1920), pharmacologist, born in Calcutta on 5 February 1841, was the second son of John Richard Fraser, Indian civil servant, and his wife, Mary Palmer Fraser. He was educated at various Scottish public schools before entering the University of Edinburgh...

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Sir Thomas Richard Fraser (1841–1920) by Barraud Wellcome Library, London

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Gordon, Alexander (1752–1799), physician, was born on 20 May 1752 in the parish of Peterculter in Aberdeenshire. He, and his twin brother James, who became a successful farmer in Logie in Aberdeenshire, were the second and third of the five children of Alexander Gordon...

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Graham, Robert (1786–1845), physician and botanist, was born at Stirling on 7 December 1786, the third son of Robert Graham (d. 1819), physician, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Charles Stewart of Ardshiel. In 1792 Robert Graham senior inherited the estate of his relative ...