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Akenside, Mark (1721–1770), poet and physician, was born on 9 November 1721 in Butcher Bank, St Nicholas, Newcastle upon Tyne, the sixth of seven children of Mark Akenside (b. 1676), butcher, and his wife, Mary (1685–1760), daughter of William Lumsden. He was baptized on 30 November in the nonconformist meeting-house which his parents attended in ...

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Mark Akenside (1721–1770) by Edward Fisher, 1772 (after Arthur Pond, 1754) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

J. M. Scott

revised by Jean Loudon

Barker, Edmund (b. 1720/21), physician, studied medicine at the University of Leiden, taking his doctor's degree in 1747, and set up as a physician in London. In the winter of 1749 Dr Johnson, as yet little known, established the Ivy Lane Club, which met weekly at the ...

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Bright, Richard (1789–1858), physician, was born at 29 Queen Square, Bristol, on 28 September 1789, the third son of dissenters Richard Bright (1754–1840) and his wife, Sarah, née Heywood (d. 1827). Wealthy merchants and bankers, the family were descended from the Brights...

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Richard Bright (1789–1858) by Maull & Polyblank © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Dobson, Matthew (1732–1784), physician and natural philosopher, was the son of Joshua Dobson (c.1692–1767), minister of New Mill, Lydgate, near Holmfirth, Yorkshire, from 1715 to 1720 and of Cockey Moor Chapel, Ainsworth, near Bolton, Lancashire, from 1732 to 1767, and Elizabeth Smith (...

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Epps, George Napoleon (1815–1874), homoeopathic practitioner, was born on 22 July 1815, at Bessels Green, Sevenoaks, Kent, the second son of John Epps, a butcher, and his second wife, Elizabeth Schneider. The physician John Epps (1805–1869) was his half-brother. After being educated at a dissenters' grammar school and at ...

Article

Robert Harrison

revised by Kaye Bagshaw

Farr, Samuel (1741–1795), physician, born in Taunton, Somerset, was the seventh son of a Bristol merchant and alderman, possibly named Thomas Farr. Both his parents were protestant dissenters and the Farr family were part of the powerful mercantile élite in the city. Farr...

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Nehemiah Grew (bap. 1641, d. 1712) by Robert White, pubd 1701 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Grew, Nehemiah (bap. 1641, d. 1712), botanist and physician, was the son of Obadiah Grew (bap. 1607, d. 1689) and his wife, Ellen or Helen, née Vicars (d. 1687). By her first marriage Ellen Grew had two sons, Henry Sampson, ejected minister and historian of dissent, and ...

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Hamilton, Sir David (1663–1721), man-midwife and physician, was born in Lanarkshire, the tenth and youngest son of James Hamilton, laird of Boggs and Dalzell, and his third wife, Isobell. He matriculated at the University of Leiden on 30 October 1683, leaving there between 1685 and 1686 to graduate MD of the ...

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Holland, Sir Henry, first baronet (1788–1873), physician, was born on 27 October 1788 at Knutsford, Cheshire, the son of Peter Holland (1766–1855), physician, and his wife, Mary, née Willits (1766–1803). He was related to Josiah Wedgwood, a keen patron of the arts, and to the novelist ...

Article

Norman Moore

revised by Richard Hankins

Huxham, John (c. 1692–1768), physician, was born at Harberton, Devon, the son of a butcher. Orphaned early, he had as a guardian Thomas Edgerley, a nonconformist minister, who placed him at the school of Isaac Gilling, a Presbyterian minister in Newton Abbot. Later ...

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John Huxham (c. 1692–1768) by Thomas Rennell © Royal Society

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Henry Maudsley (1835–1918) by George Jerrard, 1881 Wellcome Library, London

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Maudsley, Henry (1835–1918), medical psychologist, was born on 5 February 1835 at a farmhouse called Rome, near Giggleswick, Yorkshire, the third of the four sons and fourth of seven children of Thomas Maudsley (1798–1880), yeoman farmer, and his wife, Mary Bateson (d...

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Morgan, Thomas (1671/2?–1743), theological and medical writer, was of Welsh origin and is said to have been 'a poor lad in a farmer's house' ( Protestant Dissenter's Magazine, 258) near Bridgwater, Somerset. Of his parents nothing is known. In his youth he showed enough promise for a dissenting minister, ...

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Park, John Ranicar (1779–1847), physiologist and theological writer, was born in Liverpool on 11 May 1779, the son of the eminent surgeon Henry Park (1745–1831) and his wife, the eldest daughter of Mr Ranicar of West Leigh Hall, Leigh, Lancashire; he had eight sisters and no brothers. ...

Article

Pulteney, Richard (1730–1801), botanist and physician, was born on 17 February 1730 at Loughborough, Leicestershire, the sole survivor of the eleven children of Samuel Pulteney (1674–1754), a prosperous tailor, and Mary Tomlinson (1692–1759), a native of the nearby village of Hathern. The family belonged to a sect known as ...

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Maker: P. Roberts

Richard Pulteney (1730–1801) by P. Roberts, pubd 1805 (after Thomas Beach, 1788) © National Portrait Gallery, London