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Argyle, (John) Michael (1925–2002), social psychologist, was born on 11 August 1925 at 2 First Avenue, Sherwood Rise, Nottingham, the only child of George Edgar Argyle, a schoolmaster, and his wife, Phyllis, née Hawkins-Ambler, both of whom died when he was eleven years old. He was educated at ...

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Bain, Alexander (1818–1903), psychologist, was born on 11 June 1818, the second child of eight of George Bain, an impoverished Calvinist weaver of Aberdeen, and his wife, Margaret Paul. Bain left school at the age of eleven but, via evening classes at the mechanics' institute and adolescent autodidactic labours, he gained entrance to ...

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Alexander Bain (1818–1903) by Macmahon, 1892 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Sir Frederic Charles Bartlett (1886–1969) by Bassano, 1948 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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D. E. Broadbent

revised by Hugh Series

Bartlett, Sir Frederic Charles (1886–1969), psychologist, was born in Stow on the Wold, Gloucestershire, on 20 October 1886, the second son of William Bartlett, master bootmaker, and his wife, Temperance Matilda Howman. He was educated at home in his teens, his health being thought too poor, following an attack of pleurisy, for him to go away to school. This apparent handicap allowed him to read very widely, and to spend time walking in the ...

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Broadbent, Donald Eric (1926–1993), psychologist, was born on 6 May 1926 at 361 Station Road, Yardley, Birmingham, the youngest of the three children of Herbert Arthur Broadbent (b. c.1890), accountant, and his wife, Hannah Elizabeth (Margie) Williams (1893–1965), a secretary before her marriage. Although born in ...

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Donald Eric Broadbent (1926–1993) by unknown photographer © Margaret Broadbent

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Brown, William (1881–1952), psychologist and psychiatrist, was born on 5 December 1881 at the School House, Slinfold, Horsham, Sussex, the second son of William Brown, a schoolmaster of Northumbrian origins, and his wife, Kezia Harriett (née Evans). He attended Collyer's School in ...

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Burt, Sir Cyril Lodowic (1883–1971), psychometric psychologist and eugenicist, was born in London on 3 March 1883, first child of Cyril Cecil Barrow Burt (b. 1857), a medical practitioner, and Martha Evans of Monmouth. His younger sister, Marion Burt (1891–1978), became a doctor like her father. From 1893 to 1923 the family lived at ...

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C. W. Sutton

revised by Lucy Hartley

Cooke, Thomas (1763–1818), writer on physiognomy, was born in Sheffield on 20 March 1763. He was employed in trade early in life, but when he was twenty-two years old he began the study of physiognomy and later became a popular and widely respected physiognomist with a large circle of curious enquirers. His papers were collected and published only posthumously, under the title of ...

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Craik, Kenneth James William (1914–1945), psychologist, was born on 29 March 1914 at 10 Trinity Road, Leith, Scotland, the son of James Bowstead Craik, writer to the signet, and his wife, Marie Sylvia, née Robson. Having studied psychology under James Drever sen. (and philosophy under ...

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Frances Millais MacKeith

Culpin, Millais (1874–1952), psychologist, was born on 6 January 1874 in Baldock Street, Ware, Hertfordshire, the second of six children of Millice Culpin (1844–1942), a leather seller, and his wife, Hannah Louisa Munsey (c.1850–1937). The family moved to Stoke Newington, in ...

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G. T. Bettany

revised by Nick Hervey

Davis, Joseph Barnard (1801–1881), physician and craniologist, second child of Joseph Davis, draper, and his wife, Marianne, was born on 13 June 1801 and was baptized next day in York. In 1820, while still studying surgery, he went as surgeon on a whaling ship to the ...

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Dunn, Robert (1799–1877), general practitioner and psychologist, about whose early life little is known, studied in London at Guy's and St Thomas's hospitals, and became a licentiate of the Society of Apothecaries in 1825. He was made a member of the Royal College of Surgeons...

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P. Lovie and A. D. Lovie

Edgell, Beatrice (1871–1948), psychologist, was born on 26 October 1871 in Church Street, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, the youngest daughter of Edward Higginson Edgell, a bank manager, and his wife, Sarah Ann, née Buckle. She attended Notting Hill High School for Girls, London, and the ...

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Eysenck, Hans Jurgen (1916–1997), psychologist, only child of Anton Eduard Eysenck (b. 1889) of Borgisch-Gladebach in Germany and Ruth, née Werner, of Königshütte in Silesia, was born in Berlin on 4 March 1916 and reared by his Roman Catholic maternal grandmother, A. Werner...

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Hans Jurgen Eysenck (1916–1997) by Anne-Katrin Purkiss, 1991 [right, with his son, Michael William Eysenck] © Anne-Katrin Purkiss; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Flügel, John Carl (1884–1955), psychologist and psychoanalyst, was born in Brompton House, Livingston Drive South, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, on 13 June 1884, the only child of Karl Rudolf Dietrich Flügel, a wealthy German merchant, and his wife, Mary, née Eccles. Flügel was privately educated, a congenital foot defect preventing school attendance. In 1902 he went to ...

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See Fowler, Lydia Folger

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Gregory, Richard Langton (1923–2010), experimental psychologist, was born on 24 July 1923 at 505 Clive Court, Maida Vale, London, the elder child and only son of Christopher Clive Langton Gregory (1892–1964), applied mathematician and astronomer, and his first wife, Patricia Helen, née Gibson (1898–1988)...