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Akenside, Mark (1721–1770), poet and physician, was born on 9 November 1721 in Butcher Bank, St Nicholas, Newcastle upon Tyne, the sixth of seven children of Mark Akenside (b. 1676), butcher, and his wife, Mary (1685–1760), daughter of William Lumsden. He was baptized on 30 November in the nonconformist meeting-house which his parents attended in ...

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Mark Akenside (1721–1770) by Edward Fisher, 1772 (after Arthur Pond, 1754) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Andrews, Richard (bap. 1575, d. 1634), physician and poet, was baptized on 31 July 1575 at St Leonard Eastcheap, London, the second son of William Andrews (d. 1588), twice joint warden of the Butchers' Company, and his wife, Elizabeth Harrison, of the same parish. From ...

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Arbuthnot [Arbuthnott], John (bap. 1667, d. 1735), physician and satirist, was baptized on 29 April 1667 at Arbuthnott, Kincardineshire, on the north-east Scottish coast, near Stonehaven, the eldest son of Alexander Arbuthnott (c.1636–1691), minister of Arbuthnott, and Margaret, daughter of John Lammie (or Lamy)...

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John Arbuthnot (bap. 1667, d. 1735) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1723 © Hunterian Art Gallery, University of Glasgow

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Armstrong, John (1708/9–1779), physician and poet, was born in late 1708 or early 1709 at Castleton, Roxburghshire, the eldest son and third child of Robert Armstrong (1661–1732), Presbyterian minister, and his second wife, Christian, née Mowatt (1675–1753). John matriculated at the College of Edinburgh...

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Bakewell, Thomas (1761–1835), mad-doctor and poet, was born on 1 June 1761 at Kingstone, near Uttoxeter, in Staffordshire. He was raised by his maternal grandfather, John Chadwick, who kept a private mad-house at Grindon in the Peak District. Chadwick moved to Ashbourne in ...

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Ballin, Ada Sarah (1862–1906), magazine editor and proprietor, and writer on health, was born on 4 May 1862 at 47 Woburn Place, Bloomsbury, London, first of the three children of Isaac Ballin (c.1811–1897), merchant, and his wife, Annie, née Moss. She was brought up in a Jewish home and educated privately before attending ...

Article

Olive Baldwin and Thelma Wilson

Bancroft, John (1655–1696), playwright and surgeon, was born in London, perhaps in the Postern, on 3 June 1655, the son of John Bancroft (bap. 1614, d. 1705), sergeant carver to the lord mayor from 1660, and his second wife, Rebecka, née Cole (...

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Barclay, William (b. c. 1570, d. in or after 1627), medical writer and Latin poet, was born at Cullen, Banffshire, one of at least three sons of Walter Barclay (d. 1587), the fiar of Towie, and his wife, Elizabeth, or Elspeth, Hay (...

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Baynard, Edward (1641?–1717), physician and poet, was probably born in 1641, possibly in Preston, Lancashire. His parentage and schooling are somewhat obscure, but Jeremy Collier states that he was the second son of one Edward Baynard. Collier traced the family line back to the Norman conquest, and ...

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P. B. Austin

revised by Patrick Wallis

Beattie, William (1793–1875), physician and poet, was born at Dalton, Annandale, and baptized there on 23 February 1793, the son of James Beattie (d. 1809), architect, surveyor, and builder, and his wife, Janet. The family had been settled in Dumfriesshire for several generations and, aged fourteen, ...

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Bishop [née Wall], Bernardine Anna Livia Mary (1939–2013), novelist and psychotherapist, was born on 16 August 1939 at her maternal family home, 47 Palace Court, Bayswater, London, the second daughter of the Salford-born Bernard Joseph Wall (1908–1974), author, editor, and translator, educated at ...

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Bowden, Samuel (fl. 1733–1761), physician and poet, of Frome, Somerset, the dates of whose birth and death are not known, was the author of two volumes of poetry, Poetical Essays on Several Occasions (2 vols., 1733, 1735) and Poems on Various Subjects. With some Essays in Prose, and a Treatise on Health...

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Brenan, John (1768?–1830), physician and satirist, was born at Ballaghide, co. Carlow, the youngest of six children. Little is known about his parents, who were Roman Catholic and possessed some property. Brenan contributed poetry to The Sentimental and Masonic Magazine, published by ...

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Browne, Joseph (bap. 1673, d. in or after 1721), physician and satirist, a younger son of Cuthbert Browne, cleric, who held livings first in Norfolk and then in Yorkshire, was born in Treeton, Yorkshire, and baptized in Sheffield on 20 May 1673. Joseph Browne...

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Carnegie [née Scott], Susan (1743–1821), writer and benefactor, was born on 7 August 1743 in Edinburgh, the daughter of David Scott of Benholm (1700–1768), director and treasurer of the Bank of Scotland, and Mary Brown (1712–1794). She was tutored at home and gained a wide and deep knowledge of French and Italian literature and of philosophy, a proficiency in drawing (which she was taught by a relative ...

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Chapman, John (1821–1894), publisher and physician, was born on 16 June 1821 at Warser Gate, Ruddington, near Nottingham, the third son of William Chapman (b. 1792), a druggist, and his first wife (1789–1824), whose name is not known. Apprenticed to Robert Mason...

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Chesser [née Sloan], Elizabeth Macfarlane (1877–1940), physician and medical journalist, was born at 4 Newton Terrace, Glasgow, on 18 May 1877, the daughter of Samuel Sloan (1843–1920), a physician, and his wife, Elizabeth Macfarlane. She was educated at Queen Margaret College, Glasgow...

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Clancy, Michael (1703/4–1776), physician and playwright, was born in co. Clare, Ireland, the son of Daniel Clancy, physician. He was sent to school in Paris, where he attended the Collège de Navarre from about 1712 until 1716; he then ran away after an escapade in which he had played truant in order to glimpse the ...