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Article

B. D. Jackson

revised by James Mills

Ainslie, Sir Whitelaw (1767–1837), surgeon, the son of Robert Ainslie (1734–1795) and Catharine Whitelaw, and brother of Robert Ainslie (1766–1838), was born on 17 February 1767 at Duns, Berwickshire, where his father was factor to Lord Douglas. He was nominated assistant surgeon in the ...

Article

Anderson, William (c. 1748–1778), surgeon and naturalist, was born in Scotland, probably in the area of North Berwick, Haddingtonshire. Nothing is known of his immediate family other than the existence of two sisters, Beth and Rabinah. He was educated at Edinburgh University, enrolling as an anatomy student for the year 1762–3. At his examination for the navy on 1 December 1768 he qualified as surgeon's first mate and on 1 November 1770 he was advanced to surgeon of a first-rate ship, subsequently serving in the ...

Article

Sidney Lee

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Balfour, Francis (d. in or after 1816), surgeon and orientalist, was born in Edinburgh and took his MD degree there in 1767. He entered the East India Company's service in Bengal as assistant surgeon on 3 July 1769, and was appointed full surgeon on 10 August 1777....

Article

Bates, Thomas (fl. 1704–1745), surgeon, is known to have served for five years as a naval surgeon in the Mediterranean. In 1709 he published An enchridion of fevers, incident to sea-men during the summer—in the Mediterranean; explicating their causes … and method of cure...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by Patrick Wallis

Broughton, Samuel Daniel (1787–1837), military surgeon, the fourth and youngest son of Thomas Broughton, rector of St Peter's, Bristol, and his wife, Jane, was born in Bristol in July 1787. Thomas Duer Broughton (1778–1835) was his brother. Samuel was educated at Bristol grammar school...

Article

Bryson, Alexander (1802–1869), naval surgeon, began his professional studies at Edinburgh and continued them at Glasgow, where he qualified in 1827 and was admitted to the Royal Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons. In the same year he entered the navy as assistant surgeon; he was promoted surgeon in 1836, deputy inspector-general in 1854, and inspector-general in 1855. In January 1864, on the retirement of ...

Image

Paul Buissière (d. 1739) by unknown artist © Royal Society

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Michael Bevan

Buissière [Bussière], Paul (d. 1739), surgeon and anatomist, was a native of France, and a protestant who had left his country on account of his religion. Before leaving France he had practised with distinction in the principality of Orange. He settled in the first instance at ...

Article

Stanley Lane-Poole

revised by James Mills

Burnes, James (1801–1862), surgeon, son of James Burnes (1780–1852), provost of Montrose, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Adam Glegg, chief magistrate of Montrose, was born at Montrose on 12 February 1801. He belonged to the same family as Robert Burns. After medical training at ...

Article

See Chamberlen family

Article

See Chamberlen family

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Jeffrey S. Reznick

Chisholm, Colin (1754/5–1825), surgeon and medical writer, was the eldest son of William Chisholm (1717–1807) of Buntait, Inverness-shire, surgeon, provost of Inverness, and his first wife, Janet Mackintosh, daughter of John Mackintosh of Kyllachy. His parents married at Inverness on 11 December 1746. ...

Article

Colledge, Thomas Richardson (1796–1879), surgeon and missionary in China, received his medical education in London under Sir Astley Cooper. He practised in Canton (Guangzhou) and Macau and some other Chinese ports, first under the East India Company, and then under the crown, and was superintending surgeon of the hospitals for British seamen. During his residence in ...

Article

G. T. Bettany

revised by Patrick Wallis

Colles, Abraham (1773–1843), surgeon, was born on 23 August 1773 at Milmount, near Kilkenny, Ireland, the second son of William Colles (1745–1779), a quarry owner, and Mary Anne (d. 1840), daughter of Abraham Bates, of co. Wexford. At some point during the time of his education, in ...

Article

D'A. Power

revised by Jeffrey S. Reznick

Freyer, Sir Peter Johnston (1851–1921), surgeon, was born in Sellerna, a village 8 miles from Clifden, co. Galway, Ireland, on 21 July 1851, the eldest son of Samuel Freyer, farmer, and his wife, Celia Burke. He was educated at Erasmus Smith's College, Galway...

Article

G. T. Bettany

revised by Patrick Wallis

Guthrie, George James (1785–1856), surgeon, only son of Andrew Guthrie, of Lower James Street, Golden Square, London, a chiropodist, was born in London on 1 May 1785. Having been apprenticed to John Phillips, surgeon, in 1798, and after serving as assistant in the ...

Article

Hall, Sir John (1795–1866), military surgeon, the son of John Hall and his wife, Isabel (née Fothergill), was born at Little Beck, Westmorland. After leaving Appleby grammar school he studied medicine at Guy's and St Thomas's hospitals in London. In June 1815 he entered the ...

Article

Charles Creighton

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Hall, Robert (1763–1824), military surgeon, was born at Haughhead, Roxburghshire. He was descended from the ancient Border family of the Halls of Newbiggin, and was great-grandson of Henry Hall of Haughhead (d. 1680), the covenanter.

Following his education at school in Jedburgh...

Article

Hamond, Walter (d. 1648), surgeon and writer on Madagascar, whose origins are unknown, was apprenticed to Arthur Doughton in the Barber–Surgeons' Company of London, and made free in 1616. His translation of Ambroise Paré's treatise of 1551 as Method of Treating Wounds Made by Arquebuses and other Firearms...

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Somerville Hastings (1878–1967) by Rodrigo Moynihan, exh. RA 1946 © reserved; Guildhall Art Gallery, Corporation of London