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Aird, Ian (1905–1962), surgeon, was born on 4 July 1905 at Belgrave Terrace, Corstorphine, Edinburgh, the first of two sons of William Aird (b. 1872), master tailor, and his wife, Jean Elizabeth Ogle (formerly Binnie). Both parents were lowland Scots, the father's forebears from ...

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Alexander, William (1845–1919), surgeon, was born on 29 April 1845 at Holestone, co. Antrim, Ireland, one of eight known children of James Alexander (d. 1887), tenant farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1906). After schooling in nearby Doagh, Alexander studied medicine from 1866 to 1870 at ...

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Sir George Ballingall (1780–1855) by unknown engraver Wellcome Library, London

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Ballingall, Sir George (1780–1855), military surgeon and medical writer, was born on 2 May 1780 at Forglen, Banffshire, the son of the Revd Robert Ballingall, and his wife, a daughter of J. Simson of Edinshead. His education began at the Falkland parish school...

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Joseph Bell (1837–1911) by James Irvine, exh. Royal Scottish Academy 1889 reproduced with the kind permission of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh

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Bell, Joseph (1837–1911), surgeon, the son of Benjamin Bell, surgeon, and his wife, Cecilia Craigie, was born on 2 December 1837 at St Andrew Square, Edinburgh. He was educated at the Edinburgh Academy and entered the University of Edinburgh at the early age of sixteen; he graduated MD in 1859. He travelled to the continent but was not attracted to stay and study there. ...

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Blackrie, Alexander (bap. 1702, d. 1772), surgeon-apothecary, was baptized on 14 June 1702 at the church of St Nicholas, Aberdeen, the seventh of the eleven children of William Blackrie and his wife, Isobel, née Fordyce. A merchant's son, he was educated at the grammar school and ...

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Blair, Patrick (c. 1680–1728), botanist and surgeon, was born at Lethendy, Perthshire, the third son of George Blair (d. 1682), a farmer, and his wife, Euphame. Little is known of his early life, and his date of birth is not certain. He was apprenticed to a surgeon-apothecary from the late 1680s, possibly in ...

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James Braid (1795–1860) by unknown engraver, 1851 Wellcome Library, London

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Braid, James (1795–1860), surgeon and hypnotist, son of James Braid and his wife, Anne Suttie, was born on 19 June 1795 at Ryelaw in a detached part of the parish of Portmoak, Kinross, Scotland. His father owned land in Ryelaw and in neighbouring ...

Article

Campbell F. Lloyd

Burns, John (1774–1850), surgeon, born in Glasgow, was the eldest of the sons of John Burns (1744–1839), minister of the Church of Scotland's Barony parish in Glasgow, and his wife, Elizabeth Stevenson, and was grandson of John Burns, the author of Burns's English Grammar...

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Cleghorn, Hugh Francis Clarke (1820–1895), surgeon, naturalist, and forest conservator, was born in Madras on 9 August 1820, the son of Peter (otherwise Patrick) Cleghorn (1783–1863), registrar general and prothonotary of the Supreme Court, Madras, and his wife, Isabella, née Allan (1796–1824). After the death of his mother he was sent to ...

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Cunningham, Peter Miller (1789–1864), naval surgeon and pioneer in Australia, fifth and youngest son of John Cunningham (1743–1800) of Dalswinton, near Dumfries, land steward and farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Harley, the daughter of a Dumfries merchant, was born at Dalswinton in November 1789. He was brother of ...

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G. T. Bettany

revised by Michael Bevan

Dalrymple, William (1772–1847), surgeon, the son of John Dalrymple and his wife, Anne, was born at Norwich, where his father, a native of Dumfriesshire, had settled, and was baptized on 27 September 1772 at the local Presbyterian church. He was educated at Aylsham grammar school...

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Esdaile, James (1808–1859), East India Company surgeon and mesmerist, was born on 8 February 1808 in Montrose, Forfarshire, Scotland, the eldest son of the Revd James Esdaile and his wife, Margaret Blair. He studied at the University of Edinburgh where he graduated MD, and subsequently gained an appointment as assistant surgeon in the ...

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Fraser, Sir Ian James (1901–1999), surgeon, was born on 9 February 1901 at 211 Albertbridge Road, Belfast, the only child of Robert Moore Fraser (1856–1952), general practitioner, and his first wife, Margaret (d. 1903), daughter of Adam Boal Ferguson, farmer. His mother died when he was two but he grew up in a happy home with his father, stepmother (...

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James Gairdner

revised by Patrick Wallis

Gairdner, John (1790–1876), surgeon, eldest son of Captain Robert Gairdner (d. 1795) of the Bengal artillery and J. Macrae Smith, was born at Mount Charles, near Ayr, on 18 September 1790. When he was only five years old his father was killed by the kick of a horse, and the care of five sons and a daughter fell upon his widowed mother. He received his school education at ...

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Gerard, James Gilbert (1793–1835), East India Company military surgeon and surveyor, son of Gilbert Gerard, DD (1760–1815) and his wife, Helen, daughter of John Duncan, provost of Aberdeen, and brother of Alexander Gerard and Patrick Gerard, was born in the parish of Old Machar, Aberdeenshire...

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Hamilton [formerly Buchanan], Francis, of Buchanan (1762–1829), East India Company surgeon and botanist, third son of Thomas Buchanan of Spittal of Glenshee and his wife, Elizabeth Hamilton, heiress of Bardowie, was born at Branziet, Perthshire, on 15 February 1762. He graduated MA from ...

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Howison, John (1797–1859), writer and surgeon, was born on 10 May 1797 in Edinburgh, third and youngest child of William Howison, financial writer, and his wife, Janet Bogle. He was the brother of William Howison (b. 1796?). From 1818 to 1820 Howison travelled in ...