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Bonham, Thomas (c. 1564–c. 1628), physician and surgeon, about whose early life nothing is known, matriculated at St John's College, Cambridge, during the Easter term of 1581, which places his birth probably between 1563 and 1565. As a sizar, he most likely came from a relatively humble family. In 1584 he earned a bachelor's degree (which he took the trouble to incorporate at ...

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Cyprianus, Abraham (bap. 1656, d. 1718), surgeon and physician, was baptized on 7 January 1656 in the Oudekerk of Amsterdam, the son of a surgeon, Allardus Cyprianus, and Sarah Beijerlant. Cyprianus studied philosophy at the Amsterdam Athenaeum, and in 1678, presumably intending to practise medicine, visited the famous ...

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Cyriax, James Henry [formerly Hendrik Edgar] (1904–1985), orthopaedic physician, was born on 27 October 1904 at 71 Oakley Street, Chelsea, London, the son of Edgar Ferdinand Cyriax and his wife, Annjuta, formerly Kellgren. Both parents were medical doctors with a practice in ...

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Dalton [née Kuipers], Katharina Dorothea [Kittie] (1916–2004), chiropodist and physician, was born at Delaporte Gardens, Muswell Hill, London, on 12 November 1916, the second of five children of Johannes Kuipers, provision merchant, and his wife, Anna, née Knoester. Her parents were Dutch émigrés. She was still young when her father died but, as he had been a freemason, she was educated at the ...

Article

Norman Moore

revised by Patrick Wallis

Eyre, Sir James (1792–1857), surgeon and physician, the eldest son of William Eyre (1753/4–1830), vicar of Padbury and Hillesden, Buckinghamshire, was born on 14 February 1792. In October 1811 he began his medical education at St Bartholomew's Hospital, London, where he was a pupil of ...

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Fayrer, Sir Joseph, first baronet (1824–1907), surgeon and physician, was born at Plymouth on 6 December 1824, the second son of the six sons and two daughters of Commander Robert John Fayrer RN (1788–1869), and his wife, Agnes (d. 1861), daughter of ...

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Sir Joseph Fayrer, first baronet (1824–1907) by Window & Grove, pubd 1900 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Charles Creighton

revised by Jeffrey S. Reznick

Forbes, James (1779–1837), military surgeon and physician, was born at Aberdeen, and received his MA at Marischal College, Aberdeen. He then studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, where he graduated MD in 1803. In the same year he entered the army as assistant surgeon to the ...

Article

G. T. Bettany

revised by Patrick Wallis

Good, John Mason (1764–1827), physician and surgeon, the second son of Peter Good, a Congregational minister at Epping, Essex, was born at Epping on 25 May 1764; his mother, Sarah Peyto (d. 1766), was the niece of the Revd John Mason (1706–1763)...

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Groenevelt, Joannes (bap. 1648, d. 1715/16), physician and surgeon, was baptized on 14 May 1648 in the Reformed church of Deventer in the Dutch province of Overijssel; he was the only surviving son of Frans Groenevelt and Goedekin ter Klocken. In mid-January 1666 he matriculated into the well-regarded local ...

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Guercy, Balthasar (d. 1557), surgeon and physician, was an Italian (de Guercis), born in Il Boscho in the duchy of Milan, though nothing is known of his parentage or birth. A belief that he was 'once of Canterbury' (Strype...

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Hobbes, William (d. 1488), physician and surgeon, was the son and heir of John Hobbes (d. 1462), surgeon, of Fetter Lane, London; his mother was probably John's widow, Juliana. As a member of the mystery of surgeons of London, who himself owned many books, it is not surprising that ...

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Hobbs, Thomas (1648–1698), surgeon and physician, son of Moses Hobbs (d. 1655), gentleman, of Winchester, and his wife, Emma, was born at 6 a.m. on 11 May 1648, according to a horoscope by Charles Bernard. Apprenticed to James Molins (1631–1687) in May 1667, he was free of the ...

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Inglis, Elsie Maud (1864–1917), physician and surgeon, was born at Naini Tal, in the Himalayan foothills of India, on 16 August 1864. She was the second daughter of John Inglis (1820–1894), who was in the service of the East India Company, and his wife, ...

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Elsie Maud Inglis (1864–1917) by unknown photographer, c. 1914–17 photograph courtesy of Lothian Health Services Archive

Article

W. A. Greenhill

revised by Mark Harrison

Johnson [Johnstone], James (1777–1845), physician and surgeon, the youngest son of an Irish farmer, was born at Ballinderry, co. Londonderry, in February 1777. His family, whose name was originally spelt Johnstone, had migrated from Scotland, and had come to own a small farm, on which his father lived. He lost his parents early, received a rudimentary education at a school in ...

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Sir Edmund King (bap. 1630, d. 1709) by R. Williams (after Sir Peter Lely, c. 1678–80) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

King [alias Freeman], Sir Edmund (bap. 1630, d. 1709), physician and surgeon, the eldest son of the five sons and four daughters of Edmond King (d. 1651) of Northampton, physician, and Alice, was baptized as Edmond on 22 August 1630 in ...

Article

Lind, James (1716–1794), naval surgeon and physician, was born in Edinburgh on 4 October 1716, the son of James Lind, a merchant, and his wife, Margaret Smelholme (Smellum), a member of an Edinburgh medical family. (He is not to be confused with his cousin ...

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James Lind (1716–1794) by John Wright (after Sir George Chalmers, 1783) Wellcome Library, London